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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CURIA IULIA (search)
ich was found in 1547, still lies not far from the niger lapis (Mitt. 1893, 281; HC 95-96; CIL vi. 1203-1205, 31261, 31262). For a glass cup commemorating the same vicennalia see BC 1882, 180-19o. Near here are also fragments of a large base for a quadriga erected in honour of Arcadius and Honorius after Stilicho's victory over Gildo in Africa in 398 A.D. (CIL vi. 1187, 31256 ; Mitt. 1895, 52-58 ; LR 261) and another inscription celebrating Stilicho's victory over Radagaisus at Pollentia in 403 A.D. (CIL vi. 31987). The church of S. Adriano was founded in the curia by Honorius I (625-638; LP lxxii. 6), who added the apse. It is called in tribus fatis from a group of the three fates which stood near the temple of Janus (Jord. i. 2. 259, 349; BCr 1912, 146; HC 24, 26; HCh 260-261). After this several bodies were buried in niches cut in the front wall, in the concrete core of the steps, and in front of them, on the pavement of the comitium. The doorway, 5.90 metres in height, probably rem
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTA AURELIA (2) (search)
PORTA AURELIA (2) mentioned by Procopius (BG i. 19; cf. 23, 28) as being known in his time as Porta S. Petri;th\n *au)rhli/an pu/lhn h(\n nu=n *pe/trou...a(te pou plhsi/on keime/nou, e)pw/numo/s e)sti.. It is mentioned under this name in DMH (403 A.D.) and also in Eins. I.1 ; 2.1 ; 8.1; 3.1. It is now commonly (contrast De Rossi, Inscr. Christ. ii. 38; 99. 7; 324. 6) placed at the east end of the pons Aelius, on the left bank of the river (Richter 72; HF iii); and Jord. (i. I. 378-390), who shares this view, further identifies it with the porta Cornelia, holding that the passage through the fortifications of the MAUSOLEUM HADRIANI (q.v.) was not viewed as a city gate at all; but in this he has not been generally followed. He is, however, right in pointing out that it is incorrect, as Richter and Lanciani (Mon. L. i. 447) still do, to call it Porta S. Petri in Hadrianeo (DMH) and that the two phrases should be divided. If, however, there was only one Porta S. Petri, the inscriptio
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTA PORTUENSIS (search)
PORTA PORTUENSIS a gate in the Aurelian wall, rebuilt by Honorius in 403 A.D. (CIL vi. 1188: ob instauratos ... muros portas atque turres; DMH). Through it ran the VIA PORTUENSIS (q.v.). It had semi-circular brick towers and two arches, and thus resembled the original form of the portae Appia, Flaminia, and Ostiensis as built by Aurelian (see the view in Nardini, Roma Antica (1666), p. 36); so that it is not easy to see in what Honorius' restorations consisted. The excellent representation in Maggi's large bird's-eye view of Rome (published in facsimile by Ehrle, Roma nel tempo di Urbano VIII, Rome, 1914) shows a vantage court at the back, as at the Porta Appia, etc. The church of S. Lorenzo de Porta, of which nothing is known, took its name from the gate (HCh 295). It was destroyed by Urban VIII, whose successor, Innocent X, completed the new gate, 453 metres nearer to the city (Jord. i. I. 37 ; T v. 7-12; LF 36; Roma iii. (1925), 317).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
. 3. 374(ca.). Forum Palatinum, 229. Porticus Boni Eventus, 420. 379-383Arcus Gratiani Valentiniani et Theodosii, 40. 380Porticus Maximae, 423. 381Anio Novus repaired, 12. 382Altar of Victory in Curia again removed, 570. Mansiones Saliorum Palatinorum restored, 326. 384-387Pons Probi rebuilt, 401. Valentinian and Valens set up statues in Thermae Antoninianae, 521. 395-423Reign of Honorius: Quadriga for victory over Gildo (398 A.D.), 145; Pompey's Theatre restored, 517. 403Monument for victory at Pollentia, 145. Aurelian walls restored, 349; gates, 403, 404, 407, 409, 412. 404Last gladiatorial combats in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 7. 405Arch of Arcadius and Honorius, 33. 408Earthquake injures Temple of Peace, 386. 410Alaric captures Rome: Basilica Aemilia burnt, 75; Horti Sallustiani sacked, 271. 412Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 414Suranae restored, 533. 416Basilica Julia restored, 79. 421Statues set up in Theatre of Marcellus, 514. 442E
t the appointment. The imputation of perjury, to which Flavian thus subjected himself, apparently aggravated the schism; and when Paulinus died, A. D. 388 or 389, his party elected Evagrius to succeed him; but on his death after a short episcopate [EVAGRIUS, No. 1], no successor was chosen; and the schism was healed, though not immediately. Flavian managed to conciliate Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, and by his intervention, and that of Chrysostom, now bishop of Constantinople, A. D. 397-403, he was acknowledged by the Roman and other Western churches. On occasion of the great sedition at Antioch, A. D. 387, Flavian was one of those who interceded with the emperor, Theodosius the Great, for the pardon of the citizens. He set out on this mission in spite of the infirmities of age, the inclemency of the weather, and the illness of his only sister, who was at the point of death; and used such diligence as to reach Constantinople before the authentic tidings of the disturbance. Ecc
h military appointment at court. Ambrose, hearing of his appointment, wrote to Nectarius, bishop of Constantinople (who held that see front A. D. 381 to 397) to depose Gerontius, and so prevent the continuance of so glaring a violation of all ecclesiastical order. Nectarius, however, could effect nothing; but when Chrysostom, two years after his accession to the patriarchate, visited the Asiatic part of his province (A. D. 399), Gerontius was deposed. The people of Nicomedeia, to whom his kindness and attention, shown alike to rich and poor, and the benefits of his medical skill, for which he was eminent, had endeared him, refused to acknowledge his successor, Pansophius, and went about the streets of Nicomedeia and of Constantinople, singing hymns and praying for the restoration of Gerontius. They served to swell the number of the enemies of Chrysostom; and in the synod of the Oak (A. D. 403), Gerontius appeared as one of his accusers. (Sozom. H. E. 8.8; Phot. Bibl. cod. 59.) [J.C.M]
eath (100.86, Bibl. Pair.), which probably occurred in A. D. 399 [EVAGRIUS, No. 4], he could not have left Egypt till that year, nor can we well place his ordination as bishop before A. D. 400. All the foregoing particulars relate to the author of the Lausiac History, from the pages of which the notices of them are gleaned. Now we learn from Photius (Biblioth. Cod. 57), that in the Synod "of the Oak," at which Joannes or John Chrysostom was condemned [CHRYSOSTOMUS], and which was held in A. D. 403, one of the charges against him related to the ordination of a Palladius, bishop of Helenopolis, in Bithynia, a follower of the opinions of Origen. The province in which the diocese was situated, the Origenist opinions (probably imbibed from or cherished by Evagrius of Pontus), and the intimation of something open to objection in his ordination, compared with the ambiguous manner in which the author of the Lausiac History speaks of his elevation, are, we think, conclusive as to the identit
mb and miracle-working relics of Felix, a confessor and martyr, over which a church had been erected with a few cells for the accommodation of pilgrims. In these Paulinus, withi a small number of followers, took up his abode, conforming in all points to the observances of monastic establishments, except that his wife appears to have been his companion. After nearly fifteen years passed in holy meditations and acts of charity, he was chosen bishop of Nola in A. D. 409 (or according to Pagi, A. D. 403), and when the stormy inroad of the Goths had passed away, discharged the duties of the office in peace until his death, which took place in >A. D. 431. The above sketch contains a narrative of all the facts which can be ascertained with regard to this father, but to what extent these may be eked out by laborious conjecture will be seen upon referring to biography compiled by Le Brun. The story told in the dialogues of St. Gregory, that Paulinus having given away all his possessions, mad
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
at different times. Two were first printed in the Lectiones Antiquae of Canisius, vol. v. p. 540, 4to. Ingolds. 1604; two, with others of doubtful authenticity in the Spicilegium Veterum Scriptorum of Dacherius, vol, v. p. 532, 4to. Paris, 1661, and the two to Claudia in the Miscellanea of Baluzius, fol. Paris. 1678. III. Historia Sacra. An epitome of sacred history, extending from the creation of the world to the consulship of Stilicho and Aurelianus, A. D. 400. It was concluded about A. D. 403. Editions The Historia Sacra was first printed at Basle (8vo. 1556) by Matthaeus Flaccius. Among the numerous editions which have appeared from time to time the most notable are those with the commentary of Sigonius (8vo. Bonon. 1561, 1581), and with that of Drusius. (8vo. Arnhem. 1607.) IV. Dialogi duo Generally divided into three, although that termed the second forms in reality a portion of the first. They contain a temperate review of the bitter discussions and dissensions which