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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
70. Mansiones Saliorum Palatinorum restored, 326. 384-387Pons Probi rebuilt, 401. Valentinian and Valens set up statues in Thermae Antoninianae, 521. 395-423Reign of Honorius: Quadriga for victory over Gildo (398 A.D.), 145; Pompey's Theatre restored, 517. 403Monument for victory at Pollentia, 145. Aurelian walls restored, 349; gates, 403, 404, 407, 409, 412. 404Last gladiatorial combats in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 7. 405Arch of Arcadius and Honorius, 33. 408Earthquake injures Temple of Peace, 386. 410Alaric captures Rome: Basilica Aemilia burnt, 75; Horti Sallustiani sacked, 271. 412Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 414Suranae restored, 533. 416Basilica Julia restored, 79. 421Statues set up in Theatre of Marcellus, 514. 442Earthquake damages Forum, 235: Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6: Porticus Nova, 429. 443Thermae Constantinianae restored, 525. 450Forum Esquilinum restored, 224. 455Vandal invasion, 235. 468-483Basilica of Juni
Greek Anthology (Brunck, Anal. ii. p. 447; Jacobs, iii. p. 153), is commonly identified with the celebrated Latin poet of the same name; but this seems to be disproved by the titles and contents of two additional epigrams, ascribed to him in the Vatican MS., which are addressed "to the Saviour," and which shew that their author was aChristian. (Jacobs, Paralip. ap. Anthol. Graec. xiii. pp. 615-617.) He is probably the poet whom Evagrius (Hist. Eccl. 1.19) mentions as flourishing under Theodosius II., who reigned A. D. 408-450. The Gigantomachia, of which a fragment still exists (Iriarte, Catal. MSS. Matrit. p. 215), and which has been ascribed to the Roman poet, seems rather to belong to this one. He wrote also, according to the Scholia on the Vatican MS., poems on the history of certain cities of Asia Minor and Syria, pa/tria *Tarsou=, *)Anaza/rbou, *Bhru/tou, *Nikai/as, whence it has been inferred that he was a native of that part of Asia. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. xiii. p. 872.) [P.S]
by Sarus in Vienna, now Vienne in Dauphiné; but, assisted by the skill of Edobincus and especially Gerontius, the successors of Justinian and Nervigastes in the command of the army, he defeated the besiegers, and drove them back beyond the Alps. Upon this, he took up his residence at Arelatum, now Arles, and sent his son Constans, whom he created Caesar, into Spain. At the head of the Honoriani, a band of mercenary barbarians, Constans soon established the authority of his father in Spain (A. D. 408), and was rewarded with the dignity of Augustus. In the following year Honorius judged it prudent to acknowledge Constantine as emperor, in order that he might obtain his assistance against the Goths. Constantine did not hesitate to arm for the defence of Honorius, having previously obtained his pardon for the assassination of Didymus (Didymius) and Verinianus (Verenianus), two kinsmen of Honorius, who had been killed by order of Constantine for having defended Spain against his son Cons
Galla 3. GALLA PLACIDIA, so named in coins and inscriptions; but by historians more commonly called simply PLACIDIA, was the daughter of Theodosius the Great by his second wife Galla [No. 2.], The date of her birth does not appear : it must have been not earlier than 388, and not later than 393. She was at Rome in A. D. 408, and is accused of being one of the parties to the death of her cousin Serena, Stilicho's widow, who was suspected of corresponding with or favouring Alaric, who was then besieging the city. It appears from this, that Placidia was then old enough to have some influence in public affairs, which consideration would lead us to throw back the date of her birth as far as possible. Gibbon says she was about twenty in 408, which is probably correct. When Alaric took Rome, A. D. 410, Placidia fell into his hands (if indeed she had not been previously in his power), and was detained by him as a hostage, but respectfully treated. After Alaric's death she continued in the po
(Vienne), in Gaul, prepared for a retreat when he heard of their appointment, and escaped with loss and difficulty into Italy (A. D. 408). When Constans, son of Constantine, whom his father had sent to subdue Spain, returned, after effecting the subjugation of that country, to his father in Gaul, he left Gerontius to guard the passes of the Pyrenees. Being sent back again, he took Justus with him as his general, and this offended the proud spirit of Gerontius, and induced him to revolt (A. D. 408). His first step was to negotiate with the barbarians (probably the Vandals, Alans, and Suevi), who were ravaging Gaul and Spain, and the troubles he excited appear to have recalled Constantine from Italy, whither he had gone apparently, to assist, but really to dethrone Honorius. After his return, he was attacked by Gerontius. The insurgents had driven Constans out of Spain, where Gerontius had declared his friend (or perhaps his servant) Maximus emperor, and left him at Tarragona; and Co
Heraclia'nus (*)Hrakleiano/s), one of the officers of Honorius. He is first noticed (A. D. 408) as the person who with his own hand put Stilicho to death, and received, as the reward of that service, the office of Comes Africae. Zosimus says that he succeeded Bathanarius, who had married the sister of Stilicho, and whom Honorius put to death; but Tillemont has noticed that, according to the Chronicon of Prosper Tiro, Joannes or John was Comes Africae A. D. 408, and was killed by the people. IfA. D. 408, and was killed by the people. If this notice is correct, Heraclian was the successor, not of Bathanarius, but of Joannes. Orosius, indeed, states that Heraclian was not sent to Africa till A. D. 409, after Attalus had assumed the purple. Heraclian rendered good service to Honorius during the invasion of Italy by Alaric, and the usurpation of Attalus. [ALARICUS ; ATTALUS.] He secured the most important posts on the African coast by suitable guards, and laid an embargo on the ships which carried corn from his province to Rome,
Hercu'lius (*(Erkou/lios), praefectus praetorio Illyrici, A. D. 408-412, is probably the Herculius to whom one of the letters of Chrysostom is addressed. It is in answer to a letter from Herculius to Chrysostom, and expresses Chrysostom's appreciation of the affection of Herculius for him, which was "known by all the city," i. e. of Constantinople. The letter was written during Chrysostom's exile, A. D. 404-407. (Chrysostom, Opera, vol. iii. p. 859, ed. Paris, 1834, &c.; Cod. Theod. 11. tit. 17.4; tit. 22.5; 12. tit. 1.172; 15. tit. 1.49.) [J.C.
es it as a rumour; while the heathen historians, Zosimus and Olympiodorus, appear to have believed him innocent: an indication that his death was connected with the struggle of expiring Paganism with Christianity. By his death, which took place A. D. 408, Olympius became for a while the ruler of affairs. A severe prosecution was carried on against the friends of Stilicho: his daughter, Thermantia, was repudiated and sent home, still a virgin, to her mother, Serena, and died soon after. The deic with a pretence for the invasion of Italy, now deprived of its former defender. His demand of a sum of money which he said was due to him being rejected, he crossed the Alps. Honorius sheltered himself in Ravenna, while Alaric besieged Rome (A. D. 408), which was obliged to pay a heavy ransom. During the siege the unhappy Serena, who was in the city, was put to death, on a charge of corresponding with the enemy. In A. D. 409 Rome was again besieged and taken by him, and Attalus proclaimed em
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus Tyrannus Roman emperor, was raised to the supreme power, in A. D. 408, by Gerontius when this general rebelled in Spain against Constantine. Olympiodorus says that Maximus was the son of Gerontius, but it seems more probable that he was only an officer in the army and his tool, and in the latter quality he behaved during the short time he bore the imperial title. When immediately after his revolt Gerontius marched: into Gaul, Maximus remained at Tarragona, )but could not prevent the Alans, Suevians, Vandals, and other barbarians from invading Spain in 409. After the defeat of Gerontius at Aries, and his death, in 411, Maximus was compelled to yield to the victorious Constantine, who forced him to renounce the imperial title, but granted him life and liberty on account of his incapacity for important affairs. Maximus retired among the barbarians and lived an obscure life in a corner of Spain. As Orosius speaks of him as a living person, he was consequently alive in 417, the y
nastasius replied by an epistle, in which he condemned, most unequivocally,the tenets of Origen, and censured indirectly the rashness of his translator, without, however, seeking further to disturb him in his retreat. After the death of Anastasius in 402, the flames which had raged furiously for upwards of three years, gradually became more faint, and at length expired altogether, Rufinus remaining at Aquileia, under the protection of Chromatius, busily employed in literary labours, until A. D. 408, when he returned to Pinetum. From thence, upon the invasion of Italy by Alaric, he fled to Sicily, where he died soon after, in 410. In allusion to the place of his decease, his great adversary, whose hostility endured beyond the grave, composed the following epitaph :-- "Scorpius inter Enceladum et Porphyrium Trinacriae humo ponitur." Works The extant works of Rufinus must be separated into two classes :-- A. Original Compositions, and, B. Translations from the Greek, those belonging
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