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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 413 AD or search for 413 AD in all documents.

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Bonifa'cius a Roman general, tribunus, and comes in the province of Africa under Valentinian III. In the early part of his career he was distinguished for his prompt administration of justice, and also for his activity against the barbarians, as at Massilia in A. D. 413 against the Gothic king Ataulphus (Olymp. apud Phot. p. 59, Bekk.), and in 422 against the Vandals in Spain. (Prosper.) His high character procured for him the friendship of Augustin, whom he consulted with regard to enforcing the imperial laws against the Donatists, and to scruples which he entertained against continuing military pursuits, and (on the death of his wife) even against remaining in the world at all These scruples Augustin wisely allayed, only recommending to him resolutions, which he adopted, of confining himself to defensive warfare against the barbarians, and of leading a single life. (Augustin. Ep. 185, 189.) (A. D. 417, 418.) The abandonment of this last resolution, in his second marriage with a r
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ughter of the sophist Leontius, or Leon, or, as he is called in the Paschal Chronicle, Heracleitus of Athens, where she was born. The year of her birth is doubtful. Nicephorus Callisti, who has given the fullest account of her, states (14.50) that she died in the fourth year of the emperor Leo, which corresponds to A. D. 460-61, aged sixty-seven; and that she was in her twentieth year when she married Theodosius. According to this statement, she must have been born A. D. 393-4, and married A. D. 413-14. But the age of Theodosius (born A. D. 401) leads us to prefer, for the marriage, the date given by the Paschal or Alexandrian Chronicle and by Marcellinus (Chron.), viz. the consulship of Eustathius and Agricola, A. D. 421. We must then give up the calculation of Nicephorus as to the time of her death, or as to her age at that time or at her marriage. Possibly she came to Constantinople in her twentieth year, in 413-14, but was not married till 421. She was called originally Athenais,
he Codex Theodosianus that a person of this name held the office of Magister Officiorum in the reign of Honorius, A. D. 397 and 399 (Cod. Theod. 6. tit. 26.11; tit. 27.11). He appears to have been praefectus praetorio Italiae, A. D. 400-405 (Cod. Theod. 7. tit. 18.11 to 14; 8. tit. 2.5. tit. 5.65; 16. tit. 2.35. tit. 6.45). After an interval in which the praefecture passed into other hands we find it again held by an Hadrianus, apparently the same person as the former praefect of the name, A. D. 413-416 (Cod. Theod. 7. tit. 4.33. tit. 13.21; 15. tit. 14.13). The first of the five Epistolae of Claudian is inscribed Deprecatio ad Hadrianum Prefuectum Praetorio: but it is not known on what authority this title rests. The poet deprecates the anger of some grandee whom he had in some moment of irritation in his youth offended by some invective. Another of Claudian's poems (Epigr. xxviii. ed Burman, xxx. in some other ed.) bears the inscription De Theodoro et Hadriano. "Miallius indulget
s, as public enemies, and enables us to fix the date of his revolt. Gothofredus would, indeed, correct the date of this edict to the next year, but we think without reason. The threatened invasion of Italy did not take place till the next year (A. D. 413). Heraclian had a great force with him, though the numbers are differently stated. The enterprise failed; but the particulars of the failure are variously stated. According to Orosius and Marcellinus, he landed in Italy, and was marching towardhaving declared the consulship defiled by him, and abolished his name and memory; but it is probable that Prosper Tiro is correct in making him colleague (or intended colleague) of Lucianus or Lucius, who appears in the Fasti as sole consul for A. D. 413. (Zosim. 5.37, 6.7-11; Sozomen, H. E. 9.8; Philostorg. H. E. 12.6; Oros. 7.29, 42; Idatius, Chron. and Fsti; Marcellin. Chron.; Prosper Aquit. Chron.; Prosper Tiro, Chron.; Olympiod. apud Phot. Bibl. Cod. 80; Cod. Theod. 9. tit. 40.21; 15. tit.
orks Among the correspondence of Augustin we find two letters addressed to that prelate by a certain Hilarius, of whom we know nothing certain except that he was a layman, an intimate friend of Prosper Aquitanus, an ardent admirer of the bishop of Hippo, and probably the person to whom the latter addressed his treatise, De Praedestinatione Sanctorum et de Dono Perseverantiae. De Pelagianis The first of these letters, which is short, is entitled De Pelagianis, was written at Syracuse in A. D. 413 or 414, and is numbered clvi. in the collected epistles of Augustin, according to the Benedictine arrangement. De Semipelagianis The second letter is considerably longer, is entitled De Semipelagianis, was despatched from the south of France, along with one by Prosper upon the same subject, in 428 or 429, and is numbered ccxxvi. Editions It was published at Cologne in 1503, along with the treatise of Honorius Augustodunensis, De libero Arbitrio, and is included in the Paris edition (
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Oro'sius, Paulus a Spanish presbyter, a native, as we gather from his own words (Histor. 7.22), of Tarragona, flourished under Arcadius and Honorius. Having conceived a warm admiration for the character and talents of St. Augustine, he passed over into Africa about A. D. 413, in order that he might consult him upon the dogmas of the Priscillianists, which at that period were a source of great dissension in the churches of the Western peninsula. The bishop of Hippo flattered by the deep respect of this disciple, gave him a most cordial reception, and after imparting such instructions as he deemed most essential, despatched him to Syria in 414 or 415, ostensibly for the purpose of completing his theological education under St. Jerome, who was dwelling at Bethlehem, but in reality to counteract the influence and expose the principles of Pelagius, who had resided for some years in Palestine. Orosius having found a warm friend in Jerome, began to carry out the object of his mission by ind
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ruti'lius Numatia'nus, Clau'dius> a Roman poet, and a native of Gaul, lived at the beginning of the fifth century of the Christian aera. He resided at Rome a considerable time, where he attained the high dignity of praefectus urbi, probably about A. D. 413 or 414. He returned, however, to his native country after it had been laid waste by the barbarians of the north, and appears to have passed there the remainder of his life in peace. Work Itinerarium or De Reditu Rutilius described his return to Gaul in an elegiac poem, which bears the title of Itinerarium, or De Reditu, but which Wernsdorf thinks may have been entitled originally Rutilii de Reditu suo Itinerarium. Of this poem the first book, consisting of 644 lines, and a small portion of the second, have come down to us. It appears from internal evidence (1.133) that it was composed in A. D. 417, in the reign of Honorius. It is superior both in poetical colouring and purity of language to most of the productions of the age;
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'sius II. or Theodo'sius the Younger or the Younger Theodo'sius (search)
adius died. the Huns and the Scyrri entered Thrace under Uldin. who rejected all terms of accommodation, but, being deserted by some of his officers, the recrossed the Danube, after losing a great number of his Huns. The Scyrri, who loitered in his rear, were either killed or made prisoners, and many of the captives were sent to cultivate the lands in Asia. Anthenius strengthened the Illyrian frontiers. and protected Constantinople, by building what were called the great walls, probably in A. D. 413. Theodosius had a sister, Pulcheria, born A. D. 399, who, in A. D. 414, became the guardian of her brother and the administrator of the empire, before she was sixteen years of age : she was declared Augusta on the fourth of July, A. D. 414. Pulcheria was undoubtedly a woman of some talent, though of a peculiar kind. She superintended the education of her brother, and directed the government at the same time; nor did her influence cease with the minority of Theodosius. [PULCHERIA.] She ed