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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 42 AD or search for 42 AD in all documents.

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A'rria 1. The wife of Caecina Paetus. When her husband was ordered by the emperor Claudius to put an end to his life, A. D. 42, and hesitated to do so, Arria stabbed herself, handed the dagger to her husband, and said, "Paetus, it does not pain me." (Plin. Ep. 3.16; D. C. 60.16; Martial. 1.14; Zonaras, 11.9.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Q. Asco'nius Pedia'nus Q. Asconius Pedianus, who holds the first place among the ancient commentators of Cicero, seems to have been born a year or two before the commencement of the Christian era, and there is some reason to believe that he was a native of Padua. It appears from a casual expression in his notes on the speech for Scaurus, that these were written after the consulship of Largus Caecina and Claudius, that is, after A. D. 42. We learn from the Eusebian chronicle that he became blind in his seventy-third year, during the reign of Vespasian, and that he attained to the age of eighty-five. The supposition that there were two Asconii, the one the companion of Virgil and the expounder of Cicero, the other an historian who flourished at a later epoch, is in opposition to the clear testimony of antiquity, which recognises one only. Lost works He wrote a work, now lost, on the life of Sallust; and another, which has likewise perished, against the censurers of Virgil, of which D
Brita'nnicus son of Claudius and Messalina, appears to have been born in the early part of the year A. D. 42, during the second consulship of his father, and was originally named Claudius Tiberius Germanicus. In consequence of victories, or pretended victories, in Britain, the senate bestowed on the emperor the title of Britannicus, which was shared by the infant prince and retained by him during the remainder of his life as his proper and distinguishing appellation. He was cherished as the heias born in the second consulship of Claudius and on the twentieth day of his reign, is inconsistent with itself; for Claudius became emperor on the 24th of January, A. D. 41, and did not enter upon his second consulship until the 1st of January, A. D. 42. Tacitus also has committed a blunder upon the point, for he tells us, in one place (Ann. 12.25), that Britannicus was two years younger than Nero; and we learn from another (Ann. 13.15), that he was murdered at the beginning of A. D. 55, a few
Caeci'na 5. CAECINA PAETUS, was put to death by the emperor Claudius in A. D. 42. The heroism of his wife Arria on this occasion is mentioned under ARRIA. His daughter married Thrasea, who was put to death by Nero. (Plin. Ep. 3.16; D. C. 60.16; Martial, 1.14; Zonaras, 11.9.)
Caeci'na 6. C. Caecina Largius, consul A. D. 42 with the emperor Claudius, inhabited the magnificent house which formerly belonged to Scaurus, the contemporary of Cicero. (D. C. 9.10; Ascon. in Scaur. p. 27, ed. Orelli; Plin. Nat. 17.1.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Camillus or Camillus Scribonianus (search)
Camillus or Camillus Scribonianus 6. M. Furius Camillus, surnamed SCRIBONIANUS, was consul in the reign of Tiberius, A. D. 32, together with Cn. Domitius. At the beginning of the reign of Claudius he was legate of Dalmatia, and revolted with his legions, probably in the hope of raising himself to the throne. But he was conquered on the fifth day after the beginning of the insurrection, A. D. 42, sent into exile and died in A. D. 53, either of an illness, or, as was commonly reported, by poison. (Tac. Ann. 6.1, 12.52, Hist. 1.89, 2.75; Suet. Cl. 13.)
o the river Liris. During his reign several wars were carried on in Britain, Germany, Syria, and Mauretania; but they were conducted by his generals. The southern part of Britain was constituted a Roman province in the reign of Claudius, who himself went to Britain in A. D. 43, to take part in the war; but not being of a warlike disposition, he quitted the island after a stay of a few days, and returned to Rome, where he celebrated a splendid triumph. Mauretania was made a Roman province in A. D. 42 by the legate Cn. Hosidius. Works Historical Work As an author Claudius occupied himself chiefly with history, and was encouraged in this pursuit by Livy, the historian. With the assistance of Sulpicius Flavius, he began at an early age to write a history from the death of the dictator Caesar ; but being too straightforward and honest in his accounts, he was severely censured by his mother and grandmother. He accordingly gave up his plan, and began his history with the restoration of p
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crispus Passie'nus the husband of Agrippina, and consequently the step-father of the Emperor Nero. He was a man of great wealth and distinction, and in A. D. 42 he was raised to the consulship. He is praised both by Seneca the philosopher (Quaest. Nat. iv. Praef., de Benef. 1.15), and by Seneca the rhetorician (Controv. 2.13) as one of the first orators of the time, especially for his acuteness and subtilty. Quintilian too (6.1.50, 3.74, 10.1.24) speaks of him with high esteem and quotes passages from his orations. [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Hosi'dius Geta 2. Cn. Hosidius Geta, was propraetor of Numidia under the emperor Claudius iN A. D. 42. He defeated and chased into the desert a Moorish chief named Sabalus : but his army was in extreme distress for water, and Hosidius was doubtful whether to retreat or continue the pursuit, when a Numidian recommended him to try magical arts to procure rain. Hosidius made the experiment with such success, that his soldiers were immediately relieved ; and Sabalus deeming him a man of preternatural powers, surrendered. (D. C. 60.9.) Hosidius was afterwards legatus of A. Plautius in Britain, when he obtained so signal a victory over the British, that, although a subordinate officer, he obtained the triumphal ornaments. (Id. 60.20.) According to an inscription (Reines. p. 475; compare Reimarus, ad Dion. Cass. 60.9), Hosidius was one of the supplementary consuls in A. D. 49. It is uncertain to what Hosidius Geta the annexed coin refers. [W.B.D]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
to her pride; C. Appius Silanus, who had rejected her advances and spurned her favourite Narcissus; Justus Catonius, whose impeachment of herself she anticipated by accusing him [CATONIUS JUSTUS]; M. Vinicius, who had married a daughter of Germanicus [JULIA, No. 8], and whose illustrious birth and affinity to Claudius awakened her fears; and Valerius Asiaticus, whose mistress Poppaea she envied, and whose estates she coveted. The conspiracy of Annius Vinicianus and Camillus Scribonianus in A. D. 42, afforded Messallina the means of satiating her thirst for gold, vengeance, and intrigue. Claudius was timid, and timidity made him cruel. Slaves were encouraged to inform against their masters; members of the noblest houses were subjected to the ignominy of torture and a public execution; their heads were exposed in the forum; their bodies were flung down the steps of the Capitol; the prisons were filled with a crowd of both sexes; even strangers were not secure from her suspicions or soli
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