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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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but thought impracticable by his predecessors, were carried out by him. He built, for example, the famous Claudian aquaeduct (Aqua Claudia), the port of Ostia, and the emissary by which the water of lake Fucinus was carried into the river Liris. During his reign several wars were carried on in Britain, Germany, Syria, and Mauretania; but they were conducted by his generals. The southern part of Britain was constituted a Roman province in the reign of Claudius, who himself went to Britain in A. D. 43, to take part in the war; but not being of a warlike disposition, he quitted the island after a stay of a few days, and returned to Rome, where he celebrated a splendid triumph. Mauretania was made a Roman province in A. D. 42 by the legate Cn. Hosidius. Works Historical Work As an author Claudius occupied himself chiefly with history, and was encouraged in this pursuit by Livy, the historian. With the assistance of Sulpicius Flavius, he began at an early age to write a history from th
ius and Lucius like Drusus, and to vouchsafe to me as honourable a death as his." Among the honours paid to Drusus the cognomen Germanicus was decreed to him and his posterity. A marble arch with trophies was erected to his memory on the Appian Way, and the representation of this arch may be seen upon extant coins, as for example, in the coin annexed, which was struck by order of Augustus. He had a cenotaph on the Rhine, an altar near the Lippe (Tac. Ann. 2.7), and Eusebius (Chronicon ad A. D. 43) speaks of a Drusus, the nephew of the emperor Claudius, who had a monument at Mayence; but here Drusus Senior seems to be meant, and there is probably a confusion between the son and the father of Gernanicus. It is to the latter that the antiquaries of Mayence refer the Eichelstein and the Drusiloch. Besides the coins of Drusus, several ancient signet-rings with his effigy have been preserved (Lippert, Dactyliothek, i. No. 610-12, ii. No. 241 and No. 255); and among the bronzes found at He
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Vespasian. (Dialog. de Orator. 8 ; Schol. Vet. ad Juv. Sat. 4.81.) On the deposition of L. Silanus, A. D. 49, Marcellus was appointed to the vacant praetorship, which, however, was so nearly expired that he held it only a few days, or perhaps hours. (Tac. Ann. 12.4; comp. Suet. Cl. 29.) At the beginning of Nero's reign Marcellus was proconsul of a portion of Asia Minor, probably of Pamphylia, for in A. D. 57, after his return to Rome, the Lycians, who since their annexation by Claudius, in A. D. 43, were attached to that province (D. C. 60.17), accused him of malversation. His eloquence, or rather his wealth, procured an acquittal, and some of his accusers were banished as the authors of an unfounded and frivolous charge. (Tac. Ann. 13.33.) Marcellus now became one of the principal delators under Nero. He was able, venal, and unscrupulous, and he accordingly acquired wealth, influence, and hatred. In A. D. 66, he seconded Cossutianus Capito [CAPITO COSSUTIANUS] in the impeachment of T
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
s Virgil," he is not spoken of by any contemporary author except the younger Pliny, nor by any of those who followed after him, except Spartianus, Lampridius, and perhaps Sidonius Apollinaris, until we reach the period of the grammarians, by whom he is frequently quoted. By collecting and comparing the incidental notices scattered through his pages, we are enabled to determine that he was a native of Bilbilis in Spain, that he was born upon the first of March, in the third year of Claudius, A. D. 43, that he canoe to Rome in the thirteenth year of Nero, A. D. 66, that after residing in the metropolis for a space of thirty-five years, he again repaired to the place of his birth, in the third year of Trajan, A. D. 100, and lived there for upwards of three years at least, on the property of his wife, a lady named Marcella, whom he seems to have married after his return to the banks of the Salo, and to whose graces and mental charms he pays a warm tribute. His death, which cannot have take
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
he freedmen with shameless indifference to any purchaser, and it was currently said that the Roman civitas might be purchased for two cracked drinking cups. Nor was the ambition of Messallina inferior to her other passions. She disposed of legions and provinces without consulting either Claudius or the senate; she corrupted or intimidated the judicial tribunals; her creatures filled the lowest as well as the highest public offices; and their incompetency for the posts they had bought led in A. D. 43 to a scarcity and tumult. The charms, the arts, or the threats of Messallina were so potent with the stupid Claudius that he thought her worthy of the honours which Livia, the wife of Augustus, had enjoyed; he alone was ignorant of her infidelities, and sometimes even the unconscious minister of her pleasures. At his triumph for the campaign in Britain (A. D. 44), Messallina followed his chariot in a carpentum or covered carriage (comp. D. C. 60.33; Tac. Ann. 12.42; Suet. Ctud. 17)--a privi
The emperor thanked his freedman in the senate, A. D. 42. (Suet. Cl. 37; D. C. 60.14.) Narcissus soon afterwards seized the opportunity afforded by the conspiracy of Furius Camillus Scribonianus to get the emperor to order the death of a number of innocent persons. Messallina and Narcissus even went so far as to put to the torture many knights and senators. (D. C. 9.15, 16.) Several of those most involved in the conspiracy, who could propitiate Narcissus and Messallina by money, escaped. In A. D. 43 we find Vespasianus sent as legatus of a legion into Germany through the influence of Narcissus. (Suet. Vesp. 4.) When the soldiers under A. Plautius in Britain mutinied, Narcissus was sent by the emperor to restore order; but on his attempting to address the soldiers he was received with shouts of indignation, and not suffered to speak. His mission, however, accomplished its purpose, for the soldiers, under the influence of this revulsion of feeling, suffered Plautius to take the command o
Alautius 2. A. Plautius, was sent by the emperor Clauditis in A. D. 43 to subdue Britain. As he is called both by Tacitus and Suetonius a man of consular rank, he is perhaps the same as the A. Plautius, who was one of the consules suffecti in A. D. 29. Plautius remained in Britain four years, and subdued, after a severe struggle, the southern part of the island. Vespasian, who was afterwvards emperor. served under him and distinguished himself greatly in the war. In the first campaign Claudius himself passed over to Bitain, and on his return to Rome celebrated a triumph for the victories which he pretended to have gained. Plautius came back to the city in A. D. 47, and was allowed by Claudius the unusual honour of an ovation; and to show the favour in which he was held by the emperor, the latter walked by his side both on his family. way to and his return from the Capitol. When subsequently his wife Pomponia Graecina was accused of religious worship unauthorised by the state, her husb
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
On laying aside the toga virilis, Vespasian, with reluctance and at the urgent solicitation of his mother, took the latus clavus. He served as tribunus militum in Thrace, and was quaestor in Crete and Cyrene. He was afterwards Aedile and Praetor. About this time he took to wife Flavia Domitilla, the daughter of a Roman eques, by whom he had two sons, both of whom succeeded him. In the reign of Claudius, and by the influence of Narcissus, he was sent into Germany as legatus legionis; and in A. D. 43 he held the same command in Britain, and reduced the Isle of Wight. (Sueton. Vespas. 4.) He was consul during the last two months of A. D. 51, and Proconsul of Africa under Nero, in which capacity Tacitus says (Hist. 2.97) that he was much disliked. He was at this time very poor. and was accused of getting money by dishonourable means. Love of money indeed is said to have always been one of his faults. But he had a great military reputation, and he was liked by the soldiers. He was frugal i