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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
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fore Pope St. Damasus. He was present at the Oecumenical Council of Constantinople A. D. 381, and on the death of St. Meletius took part in Flavian's ordination to the See of Antioch, by whom he was afterwards sent to the Pope in order to heal the schism between the churches of the West and Antioch. Afterwards, he took part in the persecution against St. Chrysostom (Socrates, Hist. Eccl. 6.18), and again compromised himself by ordaining as successor to Flavian, Porphyrius, a man unworthy of the episcopate. He defended the heretic Nestorius against St. Cyril, though not himself present at the Council of Ephesus. At a great age, he laboured to reconcile St. Cyril and the Eastern Bishops at a Synod held at Berrhoea, A. D. 432. He died A. D. 437, at the age of 116 years. Three of his letters remain in the original Greek, one to St. Cyril, (extant in the Collection of Councils by Mansi, vol. iv. p. 1056,) and two to Alexander, Bishop of Hierapolis. (Ibid. pp. 819, 830, c. 41. 55.129, 143.)
great part of the inhabitants to Italy, where he was restored to the favour of Placidia, and even enjoyed the almost unexampled honour of having coins struck in honour of his imaginary victories, with his own head on the reverse. Aetius, however, challenged him to single combat, shortly after which, either by a wound from the longer spear of his adversary (Marcellinus in anno) or from illness (Prosper), he expired, expressing his forgiveness to Aetius, and advising his widow to marry him. (A. D. 432.) His career is singularly and exactly the reverse of that of his rival, Aetius. Uniting true Roman courage and love of justice with true Christian piety, he yet by one fatal step brought on his church and country the most severe calamities which it had been in the power of any of the barbarian invaders to inflict on either of them. The authorities for his life are Procopius, Bell. vand. 1.3, 4; Olymp. apud Phot. pp. 59, 62 ; Augustin. Ep. 185 (or 50), 189 (or 95), 220 (or 70); and, of
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Cyrillus or St. Cyrillus (search)
ous representations, and by the intrigues of the monks, many of whom were bribed by the Alexandrian prelate. Such policy procured many friends at court, while Nestorius having also fallen under the displeasure of Pulcheria, the emperor's sister, was abandoned, and obliged to retire from the city into exile. Having triumphed over his enemy at Ephesus, Cyril returned to Egypt. But the deposition of Nestorius had separated the eastern from the western churches, particularly those in Egypt. In A. D. 432, Cyril and the eastern bishops were exhorted by the emperor to enter into terms of peace. In pursuance of such a proposal, Paul of Emesa, in the name of the Orientals. brought an exposition of the faith to Alexandria, sufficiently catholic to be subscribed by Cyril. He returned with another from Cyril, to be subscribed by the Easterns. This procured peace for a little while. But the spirit of the Alexandrian bishop could not easily rest; and soon after the disputes were renewed, particular
ample of the anchorets who thronged the deserts near the Nile. He requested information from Cassianus [CASSIANUS], who replied by addressing to him some of those collationes in which are painted in such lively colours the habits and rules pursued by the monks and eremites of the Thebaid. The enthusiasm excited by these details called forth the letter bearing the above title. 2. Epistola paraenetica ad Valerianum cognatum de contemtu mundi et secularis philosophiae A work composed about A. D. 432, in which the author endeavours to detach his wealthy and magnificent kinsman from the pomps and vanities of the world. An edition with scholia was published by Erasmus at Basle in 1520. 3. Liber formularum spiritalis intelligentiae ad Veranium filium Or, as the title sometimes appears, De forma spiritalis intellectus, divided into eleven chapters, containing an exposition of many phrases and texts in Scripture upon allegorical, typical, and mystical principles. 4. Instructionum Libri
Eudo'xius a physician, called by Prosper Aquitanus a man "pravi sed exercitati ingenii," who in the time of the emperor Theodosius the Younger, A. D. 432, deserted to the Huns. (Chronicon. Pilhocan. in Labbe, Nova Bibliotth. MSS. Libror. vol. i. p. 59.) [W.A.G]
Heliodo'rus praefectus urbi at Constantinople, A. D. 432, is probably the Heliodorus mentioned with a high encomium by Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths in Italy, in a letter included in the works of Cassiodorus. A person of the same name, possibly the same person, was comes sacrarum largitionum, A. D. 468. (Cod. Theod. 6. tit. 24.11, with the note of Gothofredus; Cassiodor. Variar. 1.4.) [J.C.M]
ia or of Portugal, N. of the Douro); but the Vandals were recalled to their own settlements in Baetica, by the advance of the Roman troops into Spain. In their retreat they had a severe conflict at Bracara (Braga), in which they slew many of the Suevi. In A. D. 431 Hermeric, who had coneluded peace with the independent portion of the Gallaecians, broke the treaty, and ravaged their territory; but, failing to reduce their strongholds, restored his captives, and renewed the peace. Next year (A. D. 432) he broke it again; and Idatius, the chronicler, was sent to Aetius, the patrician, then in Gaul, to solicit help. In A. D. 433 Idatius, accompanied by Count Censorius, returned to Spain, and by his intervention peace was made, but was not ratified by the court of Valentinian III. In A. D. 437 Censorius was sent again to Hermeric, and in 438 peace was concluded. Hermeric resigned his crown the same year to his son Rechilda, having been suffering for four years from some disease, of which h
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Joannes ANTIOCHENUS (search)
ement offered by Cyril, and (A. D. 432) sent Paul of Emesa, one of his bishops, to Alexandria to complete the arrangement. Cyril received Paul with great respect, and pronounced in public the highest eulogium on John. John now joined in the condemnation of Nestorius; and after much trouble and opposition, which he vanquished, partly by persuasion, partly by deposing the pertinacious, succeeded in bringing over the other Eastern bishops to do the same in provincial councils held at Antioch (A. D. 432), Anazarbus (A. D. 433), and Tarsus (A. D. 434). The unhappy Nestorius was banished to the Egyptian Oasis, and it is said (Evagr. H. E. 1.7) to have been at John's instigation that the emperor made his banishment perpetual ; which statement, if true, shows that either John had become exasperated against his former friend, or was anxious by the manifestation of zeal to regain the lost favour of his opponents. In a council held A. D. 438, John refused to condemn the writings and opinions of
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
fragment comprising 7 lines in elegiac measure, depicts the beauties of a garden, the property Viri Jul. Fausti. The fourth, a fragment in 46 hendecasyllibics, is a birthday ode in honour of the son of Aetius Patricius. II. Panegyric on the consulship of Aetius Patricius A fragment, extending to 197 hexameters, of a panegyric on the third consulship of Aetius Patricius, to which is prefixed an introduction in prose, in a very wretched condition. This Aetius was consul for the first time A. D. 432, for the second time A. D. 437, for the third time A. D. 446. Christianity of Merobaudes If we assume that the whole of these five scraps are by the same author, and that he is the Spanish Merobaudes who wrote De Christo, a proposition which, although highly probable, cannot be strictly demonstrated, it follows, as a matter of course, that he must have been a Christian, although unquestionably the terms in which he laments that the morals of the olden time and the ancient religion had p
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Prosper Aquitanus or Prosper Aquitanicus (search)
rina Responsiones ad Capitula Objectionum Vincentianarum. Written, probably, soon after the preceding. 5. Pro Augustino Responsiones ad Excerpta quae de Genuensi Civitate sunt missa. Belonging to the same epoch as the two preceding. 6. De Gratia Dei et Libero Arbitrio Liber. In reply to the doctrines of Cassianus respecting Freewill, as laid down in the thirteenth of his Collationes Patrum [CASSIANUS], whence the piece is frequently entitled De Gratia Dei adversus Collatorem. Written about A. D. 432. 7. Psalmorum a C. usque ad CL. Expositio, assigned by the Benedictine editors to A. D. 435), but placed by Schoenemann and others before A. D. 424. 8. Sententiarum ex Operitus S. Augustini delibaturum Liber unus. Compiled about A. D. 451. Editions The whole of the above will be found in the Benedictine edition of the works of Augustin; the epistle is numbered ccxxv., and is placed immediately before another upon the same subject by Hilarius; the remaining tracts are all included in the
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