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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 444 AD or search for 444 AD in all documents.

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Aetius *)Ae/tios, (Aetius), a Greek medical writer, whose name is commonly but incorrectly spelt Aetius. Historians are not agreed about his exact date. He is placed by some writers as early as the fourth century after Christ; but it is plain from his own work that he did not write till the very end of the fifth or the beginning of the sixth, as he refers (tetrab. iii. serm. 1.24. p. 464) not only to St. Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, who died A. D. 444, but also (tetrab. ii. serm. 3.110, p. 357) to Petrus Archiater, who was physician to Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, and therefore must have lived still later; he is himself quoted by Alexander Trallianus (12.8, p. 346), who lived probably in the middle of the sixth century. He was a native of Amida, a city of Mesopotamia (Photius, cod. 221) and studied at Alexandria, which was the most famous medical school of the age. He was probably a Christian, which may account perhaps for his being confounded with another person of the same
Anti'ochus a JURIST, who was at the head of the commission appointed to compile the Theodosian Code. He was praefectus praetorio and consul. In the 33rd Novell of Theodosius the Younger (A. D. 444), he is spoken of as a person deceased, illustris memoriae Antiochus. He is confounded by Jac. Godefroi, in the Prolegomena of his edition of the Theodosian Code ( 1.5) with two other persons of the same name; Antiochus, mentioned by Marcellinus as living in the year 448, and Antiochus, the eunuch, who was praepositus sancti cubiculi. This error was pointed out by Ritter in the 6th volume of his edition of the Theodosian Code, p. 6. [J.T.G]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Cyrillus or St. Cyrillus (search)
. In pursuance of such a proposal, Paul of Emesa, in the name of the Orientals. brought an exposition of the faith to Alexandria, sufficiently catholic to be subscribed by Cyril. He returned with another from Cyril, to be subscribed by the Easterns. This procured peace for a little while. But the spirit of the Alexandrian bishop could not easily rest; and soon after the disputes were renewed, particularly between him and Theodoret. In such broils he continued to be involved till his death, A. D. 444. According to Cave, Cyril possessed piety and indomitable zeal for the Catholic faith. But if we may judge of his piety by his conduct, he is scarcely entitled to this character. His learning was considerable according to the standard of the times in which he lived. He had a certain kind of acuteness and ingenuity which frequently bordered on the mystical; but in philosophical comprehension and in metaphysical acumen he was very defective. Theodoret brings various accusations against him
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
tes, that Eudocia's administration lasted for seven years. which brings us to 449-50 as the date of her last journey to Jerusalem, a date which, from other circumstances, appears to be correct. During the seven years of her administration, in A. D. 444, according to the Paschal Chronicle, but later according to Theophanes, occurred the incident which was the first step to her downfall. An apple of remarkable size and beauty had been brought to Constantinople, which the emperor purchased and p at Jerusalem. She, enraged, put Saturninus to death, and was in return stripped of the state and retinue of empress, which she had been hitherto allowed to retain. Marcellinus places these sad events in the eighteenth consulship of Theodosius, A. D. 444; but this date is altogether inconsistent with the facts mentioned by Nicephorus. Theophanes placed them in A. M. 5942, Alex. era (A. D. 450), which is probably correct; if so, it must have been before the death of Theodosius, which took place
where he took part with the Nestorians, A. D. 431. Immediately after the council, he hastened to Constantinople, in order to counteract the influence of the representatives of the party of Cyril on the emperor's mind. In this he succeeded for the time; but, after long vacillation, Theodosius at last declared himself against the Nestorians, and banished Irenaeus from his court, about A. D. 435. Irenaeus betook himself to his friends, the Oriental bishops, by whom he was made bishop of Tyre, A. D. 444. In an imperial decree against the Nestorians, which still exists, it is ordered that Irenaeus should be deposed from his bishopric, and deprived of his clerical character. The sentence was carried into effect in A. D. 448. Works Tragoedia seu Commentarii de Rebus in Synodo Ephesina ac in Oriente gestis In his retirement, Irenaeus wrote a history of the Nestorian struggle, under the title of Tragoedia seu Commentarii de Rebus in Synodo Ephesina ac in Oriente gestis. The original Greek
Petrus MONGUS 22. MONGUS or MOGGUS (*Pe/tros o( *Moggo\s), Monophysite patriarch of Alexandria in the fifth century. Liberatus (Breviarium, 100.16) gives him also the surname of BLAESUS, the STAMMERER. He was ordained deacon by Dioscorus, successor of Cyril, who held the patriarchate for seven years A. D. 444-451). Peter was the ready participator in the violences of Dioscorus, and earnestly embraced his cause, when he was deposed by the Council of Chalcedon, withdrawing from the communion of the successor of Dioscorus, Proterius, who supported the cause of the council, and uniting in the opposition raised by Timothy Aelrus and others. (Liberat. ibid. 100.15.) He was consequently sentenced by Proterius, apparently to deposition and excommunication. (Liberat. Ibid.) Whether he was banished. as well as Timothy Aelurus, is not clear, but he seems to have accompanied Timothy to Alexandria, and to have been his chief supporter when, after the death of the emperor Mareian, he returned, and
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Prosper Aquitanus or Prosper Aquitanicus (search)
with regard to the Roman emperors, the Roman bishops, and political occurrences in general, but the troubles of the Church are especially dwelt upon, and above all the Pelagian heresy. In the earlier editions this chronicle ended with the year A. D. 444, but appeared in its complete form in the Historiae Francorum Scriptores Coaetanei of Andrew Du Chesne, fol. Par. 1636-1649. Rösler infers from internal evidence, that it was originally brought down by Prosper to A. D. 433, and that subsequently two additions were made to it, either by himself or by some other hand, the one reaching to A. D. 444, the other to A. D. 455. We ought to observe also that, as might be expected in a work of this nature, we find it in some MSS. continued still further, while in others it is presented in a compressed and mutilated form. 2. Chronicon Imperiale Called also Chronicon Pithoeanum, because first made known by Peter Pithou, in 1588. It is comprehended within precisely the same limits as the prece
hich the Nestorians were to be treated (A. D. 435), he threw aside all pretence of peace, and stood forth as the decided opponent of Cyril, who, on his part, displayed the bitterest enmity against Theodoret. It is alleged that, when Cyril died (A. D. 444), Theodoret so far forgot himself as to express his exultation at the event. Such conduct might be excused on the plea, that his joy was for the deliverance of the Church from a source of bitterness ; but the truth is, that the charge rests on tion of the History of Eusebius. It begins with the history of Arianism, under Constantine the Great, and ends with the death of Theodore of Mopsuestia in A. D. 429, although it contains an allusion to an isolated fact which occurred as late as A. D. 444. 2. *Filo/qeos *(Istori/a (Religiosa Historia,) The work entitled *Filo/qeos *(Istori/a, or Religiosa Historia, contains the lives of thirty celebrated hermits, and displays that weak side of the character of Theodoret, which has already bee