from 5 to 3.60 metres. This Frank assigns to about 100
B.C. on similar
grounds; and the vault of the lower chamber, as we have
seen, to a
slightly later date.
A new facade of travertine was added by C. Vibius
Rufinus and M.
Cocceius Nerva, consules suffecti, perhaps in 22 A.D.
cf. 9005; Pros. i. p. 428, No. 972; iii. p. 424, No. 395),
but, it may be,
a good deal later (Mommsen, Westdeutsch. Zeitschr.,
blatt, 1888, 58, puts it a little before 45 A.D. ; cf. ILS iii.
It was still used as a prison in 368 A.D. (Amm. Marc.
xxviii. 1, 57), so
that the tradition that it was converted into an oratory in
century is without foundation; and the fons S. Petri, ubi
est carcer eius
of Eins. (7. 2), cannot have been here (Mon. L. i. 481 ;
The name Mamertinus is post-classical.
The building near the Regia, mis-called Carcer by Boni,
is a series of
cellars, They might well be slaves' bedrooms, like those in the
called Aemiliana burnt, 1.
41-54Reign of Claudius: Temple of Juppiter Depulsor on Capitol, 292:
of Felicitas burnt, 207:
of Salus burnt but restored later, 462;
Arch of Tiberius near Pompey's Theatre, 45;
Porticus Minucia Frumentaria (?), 425;
Statues in Temple of Augustus, 62;
marble carceres in Circus Maximus, 116;
Horti Pallantiani, 270;
terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538.
41 Arch for German victories (?), 36.
43Ara Pietatis Augustae dedicated, 390.
45(before). Facade of Carcer (?), 100.
44-45Cippi of Aqua Virgo, 29.
46Restores Aqua Virgo, 29, 35.
47Aqua Claudia completed (?), 22.
49Pomerium extended to include Aventine, 66, 393.
51-52Arch of Claudius carrying Aqua Virgo over the Via Lata, 29, 35.
52Anio Novus completed, 11.
Aqua Claudia dedicated, 22.
Porta Praenestina (Maggiore), 412.
54-68Reign of Nero: before 64 A.D. Nero builds Domus Transitoria, 194 ff.;
removes Euripus in Circus Maximus, 116, 203;
Agrippina begins Te