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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 22 22 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM ESQUILINUM (search)
FORUM ESQUILINUM an open area on the Esquiline, known from three inscriptions (C1L vi. 2223, 9179, 9180), one of which was found near the arch of Gallienus. This forum may perhaps be identified with that mentioned in two other inscriptions (CIL vi. 1662, 31888) which record its restoration by Fl. Eurycles Epitynchianus, praef. urbi in 450 A.D. It is probably referred to in Appian (BC i. 58), where the emended text readsperi\ th\n *ai)sku/leion a)gora/n. This was the scene of the conflict between Sulla and Marius in 88 B.C., and the description indicates a rather large area inside the Servian wall. ''he forum was therefore probably inside the porta Esquilina, on the north-east part of the Oppius, near the church of S. Martino ai Monti (HJ 317; DE iii. 203; RE vi. 684; cf. BC 1914, 133).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PALATINUS MONS (search)
pe above, the great supporting wall of the platform on which S. Sebastiano stands was strengthened by a mediaeval fortification wall of uncertain date, which was, if not built, at least used, by the Frangipani, who occupied the whole Velia and may have built the tower (ibid. 1909, 527-539; HJ 15-17; ZA 167, 168). By this time the lower slopes of the hill had already been occupied by various churches. S. Anastasia, at the western angle near the Lupercal, probably goes back to the middle of the fourth century. It was erected in imitation of the Holy Place in Bethlehem, and was decorated with paintings by Damasus (Inscr. Chr. ii. i. p. 150) and was the first of the titular churches, ranking only after the Lateran and S. Maria Maggiore (Mel. 1887, 387-413; Grisar, Anal. Rom. i. 595 sqq.; HCh 172-173). Under the church are important remains of six different periods from republican opus quadratum down to repairs of the time of Theodoric (HJ 134; ZA 269-274). They have nothing to do with t
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 7. 405Arch of Arcadius and Honorius, 33. 408Earthquake injures Temple of Peace, 386. 410Alaric captures Rome: Basilica Aemilia burnt, 75; Horti Sallustiani sacked, 271. 412Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 414Suranae restored, 533. 416Basilica Julia restored, 79. 421Statues set up in Theatre of Marcellus, 514. 442Earthquake damages Forum, 235: Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6: Porticus Nova, 429. 443Thermae Constantinianae restored, 525. 450Forum Esquilinum restored, 224. 455Vandal invasion, 235. 468-483Basilica of Junius Bassus becomes a Church, 81. 470Earthquake injures Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Rostra Vandalica, 235, 453. 493-526Reign of Theodoric: he repairs Forum, 235: the walls, 349: Atrium Libertatis, 56; restores and alters Palatine Hippodrome, 163-4. 508(?) Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after earthquake, 7. 507-511Theatre of Pompey restored, 517. 523Last venationes in
Anato'lius (*)Anato/lios), Patriarch of CONSTANTINOPLE (A. D. 449), presided at a synod at Constantinople (A. D. 450) which condemned Eutyches and his followers, and was present at the general council of Chalcedon (A. D. 451), out of the twenty-eighth decree of which a contest sprung up between Anatolius and Leo, bishop of Rome, respecting the relative rank of their two sees. A letter from Anatolius to Leo, written upon this subject in A. D. 457, is still extant. (Cave, Hist. Lit. A. D. 449.) [P.
Dei," and in an inscription at Aquileia, written a short time before the siege in 451 (see Herbert, Attila, p. 486), in which they are described as "imminentia peccatorum flagella." His career divides itself into two parts. The first (A. D. 445-450) consists of the ravage of the Eastern empire between the Euxine and the Adriatic and the negotiations with Theodosius II., which followed upon it, and which were rendered remarkable by the resistance of Azimus (Priscus, cc. 35, 36), by the embass7-72.) They were ended by a treaty which ceded to Attila a large territory south of the Danube, an annual tribute, and the claims which he made for the surrender of the deserters from his army. (Ib. 34-37.) The invasion of the Western empire (A. D. 450-453) was grounded on various pretexts, of which the chief were the refusal of the Eastern emperor, Marcian, the successor of Theodosius II., to pay the above-mentioned tribute (Priscus, 39, 72), and the rejection by the Western emperor Valentin
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Avi'tus, M. Maeci'lius emperor of the West, was descended from a noble family in Auvergne, and spent the first thirty years of his life in the pursuits of literature, field-sports, jurisprudence, and arms. The first public office to which he was promoted was the praetorian praefecture of Gaul, and whilst in retirement in his villa near Clermont, he was appointed master of the armies of Gaul. During this period, he twice went as ambassador to the Visigothic court, first in A. D. 450 to Theodoric I., to secure his alliance on the invasion of Attila; secondly in A. D. 456, to Theodoric II., on which last occasion, having received the news of the death of Maximus, and of the sack of Rome by the Vandals, he was, by the assistance of the Visigoths, raised to the vacant throne; but, after a year's weak and insolent reign, was deposed by Ricimer, and returned to private life as bishop of Placentia. But the senate having pronounced the sentence of death upon him, he fled to the sanctuary of h
Greek Anthology (Brunck, Anal. ii. p. 447; Jacobs, iii. p. 153), is commonly identified with the celebrated Latin poet of the same name; but this seems to be disproved by the titles and contents of two additional epigrams, ascribed to him in the Vatican MS., which are addressed "to the Saviour," and which shew that their author was aChristian. (Jacobs, Paralip. ap. Anthol. Graec. xiii. pp. 615-617.) He is probably the poet whom Evagrius (Hist. Eccl. 1.19) mentions as flourishing under Theodosius II., who reigned A. D. 408-450. The Gigantomachia, of which a fragment still exists (Iriarte, Catal. MSS. Matrit. p. 215), and which has been ascribed to the Roman poet, seems rather to belong to this one. He wrote also, according to the Scholia on the Vatican MS., poems on the history of certain cities of Asia Minor and Syria, pa/tria *Tarsou=, *)Anaza/rbou, *Bhru/tou, *Nikai/as, whence it has been inferred that he was a native of that part of Asia. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. xiii. p. 872.) [P.S]
Draco'ntius a Christian poet, of whose personal history we know nothing, except that he was a Spanish presbyter, flourished during the first half of the fifth century, and died about A. D. 450. Works Hexaemeron His chief production, entitled Hexaemeron, in heroic measure, extending to 575 lines, contains a description of the six days of the creation, in addition to which we possess a fragment in 198 elegiac verses addressed to the younger Theodosius, in which the author implores forgiveness of God for certain errors in his greater work, and excuses himself to the emperor for having neglected to celebrate his victories. Although the Hexaemeron is by no means destitute of spirit, and plainly indicates that the writer had studied carefully the models of classical antiquity, we can by no means adopt the criticism of Isidorus: " Dracontius composnit heroicis versibus Hexaemeron creations mundi et luculenter, quod composuit, scripsit," if we are to understand that any degree of clearn
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
slew two ecclesiastics, Severus, a priest, and Johannes or John, a deacon, who were in the service of Eudocia at Jerusalem. She, enraged, put Saturninus to death, and was in return stripped of the state and retinue of empress, which she had been hitherto allowed to retain. Marcellinus places these sad events in the eighteenth consulship of Theodosius, A. D. 444; but this date is altogether inconsistent with the facts mentioned by Nicephorus. Theophanes placed them in A. M. 5942, Alex. era (A. D. 450), which is probably correct; if so, it must have been before the death of Theodosius, which took place in that year. Eudocia spent the rest of her life in the Holy Land, devoting herself to works of piety and charity. She repaired the walls of Jerusalem, conversed much with ecclesiasties, built monasteteries and hospitals, and a church in honour of the proto-martyr Stephen on the spot where he was said to have been stoned; enriched existing churches with valuable offerings, and bestowed
d been previously raised to the rank of Caesar, was declared Augustus, or emperor, and left to govern the West, under the tutelage of his mother. Her regency was signalised by her zeal for the church and her intolerance. She banished from the towns Manichacans and other heretics, and astrologers ; and excluded Jews and heathens from the bar and from public offices; but her lax government and easy disposition in other matters than those of the church left the empire to be torn by the disputes and rivalry of Aetius and Boniface [AETIUS, BONIFACIUS]; and her over-indulgence to her son tended to make him an abandoned profligate. She died A. D. 450 or 451, at Rome, and was buried at Ravenna. (Zosim. 6.12; Olympiod. apud Phot. Bibl. cod. 80; Socrat. H. E. 7.23, 24; Philostorg. H. E. 12.4, 12, 13, 14; Marcellin., Idatius, Prosper Aquit., Prosper Tiro, Chronica ; Procop. de Bell. Vand. 1.3; Tillemont, Hist. des Emp. vol. v. vi.; Gibbon, ch. 31, 33, and 35; Eckhel, vol. viii. p. 175.) [J.C.M]
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