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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK IV. AN ACCOUNT OF COUNTRIES, NATIONS, SEAS, TOWNS, HAVENS, MOUNTAINS, RIVERS, DISTANCES, AND PEOPLES WHO NOW EXIST OR FORMERLY EXISTED., CHAP. 28.—GERMANY. (search)
ns but three groups of the German nations; the Ingævones on the ocean, the Hermiones in the interior, and the Istævones in the east and south of Germany. The Vandili, a Gothic race, dwelt originally on the northern coast of Germany, but afterwards settled north of the Marcomanni on the Riesengebirge. They subsequently appeared in Dacia and Pannonia, and in the beginning of the fifth century invaded Spain. Under Genseric they passed over into Africa, and finally took and plundered Rome in A.D. 455. Their kingdom was finally destroyed by Belisarius., parts of whom are the BurgundionesIt is supposed that the Burgundiones were a Gothic people dwelling in the country between the rivers Viadus and Vistula, though Ammianus Marcellinus declares them to have been of pure Roman origin. How they came into the country of the Upper Maine in the south-west of Germany in A.D. 289, historians have found themselves at a loss to inform us. It is not improbable that the two peoples were not identical
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CAMPUS MARTIUS (search)
the most wonderful structures in Rome, circuses, theatres, porticoes, baths, columns, obelisks, mausolea, temples, etc. The remarkable appearance of the campus even before the death of Augustus is described by Strabo in a well-known passage (v. 3. 8, p. 236), where, however, the traditional text requires rearrangement (A. W. Buren, Ann. Brit. Sch. at Athens, xxii. 1916-18, 48-50, following P. Meyer, Straboniana, 20). There is some doubt as to whether the murder of Valentinian III in 455 A.D. occurred in the Campus Martius proper, or in the campus Martius, or drill ground (the words are frequently used in this sense nowadays both in France and in Italy) attached to the imperial villa 'ad duas lauros,' beyond the third milestone of the via Labicana (Johannes Ant. fr. 85, p. 126; Chron. Min. i. 162, 303, 490; ii. 86, 157, 186; iii. 422). In the former case, we should have to suppose the existence in the fifth century A.D. of another locality in the campus Martius, bearing t
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM PETRONII MAXIMI (search)
FORUM PETRONII MAXIMI assumed to have been constructed by Petronius Maximus, praef. urbi under Valentinian III and emperor 455 A.D., because of one dedicatory inscription (CIL vi. I 198), in which he is called conditor fori, and a possible reference in another (ib. 197). The first inscription was found a little north-east of S. Clemente, and therefore the forum is supposed to have been situated in that neighbourhood on the via Labicana (HJ 303-4).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM (ROMANUM S. MAGNUM) (search)
imperial residence to Byzantium led to an inevitable decline ; and the forum became the scene of struggles between Paganism and Christianity. Monuments of the beginning of the fifth century may be found there (see ROSTRA AUGUSTI), but in 410 the fires which accompanied the plundering of Rome by Alaric destroyed many of the buildings of the forum, and notably the basilica Aemilia, which was never rebuilt. A terrible earthquake is recorded in 442 (Paul. Diac. Hist. Lang. xiii. 16); while in 455 the Vandals under Gaiseric pillaged Rome; and the inscription placed on the rostra in commemora- tion of the naval victory of 470 is the last monument of the western empire in the forum. Theodoric (483-526), on the other hand, must have repaired many of the buildings of the forum, where a considerable number of bricks bearing his name have been found (HC 26; all that are actually published are CIL xv. 1665a low down in the favissa of the temple of Vesta, and the same stamp and ib. 1669 in the
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
m), 7. 405Arch of Arcadius and Honorius, 33. 408Earthquake injures Temple of Peace, 386. 410Alaric captures Rome: Basilica Aemilia burnt, 75; Horti Sallustiani sacked, 271. 412Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 414Suranae restored, 533. 416Basilica Julia restored, 79. 421Statues set up in Theatre of Marcellus, 514. 442Earthquake damages Forum, 235: Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6: Porticus Nova, 429. 443Thermae Constantinianae restored, 525. 450Forum Esquilinum restored, 224. 455Vandal invasion, 235. 468-483Basilica of Junius Bassus becomes a Church, 81. 470Earthquake injures Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Rostra Vandalica, 235, 453. 493-526Reign of Theodoric: he repairs Forum, 235: the walls, 349: Atrium Libertatis, 56; restores and alters Palatine Hippodrome, 163-4. 508(?) Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after earthquake, 7. 507-511Theatre of Pompey restored, 517. 523Last venationes in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum),
ing at the close of the classical and the commencement of scholastic philosophy. He was born between A. D. 470 and 475 (as is inferred from Consol. Phil. 1.1). The Anician family had for the two preceding centuries been the most illustrious in Rome (see Gibbon, 100.31), and several of its members have been reckoned amongst the direct ancestors of Boethius. But the only conjecture worth notice is that which makes his grandfather to have been the Flavius Boethius murdered by Valentinian III. A. D. 455. His father was probably the consul of A. D. 487, and died in the childhood of his son, who was then brought up by some of the chief men at Rome, amongst whom were probably Festus and Symmachus. (Consol. Phil. 2.3.) He was famous for his general learning (Ennodius, Ep. 8.1) and his laborious translations of Greek philosophy (Cassiodor. Ep. 1.45) as well as for his extensive charities to the poor at Rome, both natives and strangers. (Procop. Goth. 1.1.) In his domestic life, he was singul
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
f Theodosius. The decrees of this latter council Eudocia for some years rejected. When, however, she heard of the captivity of her daughter Eudoxia [EUDOXIA], whom, with her two daughters, Genseric, king of the Vandals, had carried into Africa (A. D. 455), sle sought to be reconciled to Pulcheria, that she might interest her and her husband, the emperor Marcian, in behalf of the captives. By the intervention of Olybrius, to whom one of the captive princesses was betrothed, and of Valerius, the to those who renounced these opinions. She died at Jerusalem in the fourth year of the reign of Leo I. A. D. 460-61, and was buried in the church of St. Stephen, which she herself had built. Theophanes places her death in A. M. 5947 Alex. era (A. D. 455), but this is too early. Her age has been already noticed. She solemnly declared at her death that she was free from any guilty connexion with Paulinus. Works Eudocia was an author. She wrote-- 1. A poem on the victory obtained by the troo
Eudo'cia 2. Daughter of Valentinian 11. and of Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II., and consequently grand-daughter of the subject of the precediug article. She was carried captive to Carthage by Genseric, king of the Vandals, when he sacked Rome (A. D. 455), together with her mother and her younger sister Placidia. Genseric married Eudocia (A. D. 456), not to one of his younger sons, Gento, as Idatius says, but to his eldest son Hunneric (who succeeded his father, A. D. 477, as king of the Vandals); and sent Eudoxia and Placidia to Constantinople. After living sixteen years with Hunneric, and bearing him a son, Hulderic, who also afterwards became king of the Vandals, Eudocia, on the ground of dislike to the Arianism of her husband, secretly left him, and went to Jerusalem, where she soon after died (A. D. 472), having bequeathed all she had to the Church of the Resurrection, and was buried in the sepulchre of her grandmother, the empress Eudocia. (Evagrius, Hist. Eccles. 2.7; Marc
Eudo'xia 2. Daughter of Theodosius II. and of Eudocia, born A. D. 422, and betrothed soon after to Valentinian, son of the emperor Honorius, who afterwards was emperor of the West as Valentinian III. and to whom she was married at Constantinople in A. D. 436 or 437. On the assassination of her husband by Maximus (A. D. 455), who usurped the throne, she was compelled to marry the usurper; but, resenting both the death of her husband and the violence offered to herself, she instigated Genseric, king of the Vandals, who had conquered Africa, to attack Rome. Genseric took the city. Maximus was slain in the flight, and Eudoxia and her daughters, Eudocia and Placidia, were carried by the Vandal king to Carthage. After being detained in captivity some years, she was sent with her daughter Placidia and an honourable attendance to Constantinople. [See EUDOCIA, No. 1, and the authorities subjoined there.] The coins of the empresses Eudocia and Eudoxia are, from the two names being put one fo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ju'lianus or Ju'lianus Eclanensis (search)
he heretics from the capital of the East. Having been formally condemned by the great council of Ephesus, in 431, Julianus appears to have lived in obscurity until 439, when he made a last desperate effort to recover his station and privileges; but the attempt having been frustrated by the firmness of Sixtus II., his name from this time forward disappears entirely from history, if we except the statement of Gennadius, who records that he died under Valentinian, and therefore not later than A. D. 455, having previously swelled the number of his followers by distributing his whole fortune among the poor, to alleviate their sufferings during a famine. Works No work of Julianus undoubtedly genuine has been transmitted to us entire, and his merits as an author are known only from mutilated fragments contained in the writings of his theological opponents. We find traces of the following :-- 1 Epistola ad Zosimum Composed probably in 418, quoted by Marius Mercator in the sixth and nint
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