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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 455 AD or search for 455 AD in all documents.

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ing at the close of the classical and the commencement of scholastic philosophy. He was born between A. D. 470 and 475 (as is inferred from Consol. Phil. 1.1). The Anician family had for the two preceding centuries been the most illustrious in Rome (see Gibbon, 100.31), and several of its members have been reckoned amongst the direct ancestors of Boethius. But the only conjecture worth notice is that which makes his grandfather to have been the Flavius Boethius murdered by Valentinian III. A. D. 455. His father was probably the consul of A. D. 487, and died in the childhood of his son, who was then brought up by some of the chief men at Rome, amongst whom were probably Festus and Symmachus. (Consol. Phil. 2.3.) He was famous for his general learning (Ennodius, Ep. 8.1) and his laborious translations of Greek philosophy (Cassiodor. Ep. 1.45) as well as for his extensive charities to the poor at Rome, both natives and strangers. (Procop. Goth. 1.1.) In his domestic life, he was singul
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
f Theodosius. The decrees of this latter council Eudocia for some years rejected. When, however, she heard of the captivity of her daughter Eudoxia [EUDOXIA], whom, with her two daughters, Genseric, king of the Vandals, had carried into Africa (A. D. 455), sle sought to be reconciled to Pulcheria, that she might interest her and her husband, the emperor Marcian, in behalf of the captives. By the intervention of Olybrius, to whom one of the captive princesses was betrothed, and of Valerius, the to those who renounced these opinions. She died at Jerusalem in the fourth year of the reign of Leo I. A. D. 460-61, and was buried in the church of St. Stephen, which she herself had built. Theophanes places her death in A. M. 5947 Alex. era (A. D. 455), but this is too early. Her age has been already noticed. She solemnly declared at her death that she was free from any guilty connexion with Paulinus. Works Eudocia was an author. She wrote-- 1. A poem on the victory obtained by the troo
Eudo'cia 2. Daughter of Valentinian 11. and of Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II., and consequently grand-daughter of the subject of the precediug article. She was carried captive to Carthage by Genseric, king of the Vandals, when he sacked Rome (A. D. 455), together with her mother and her younger sister Placidia. Genseric married Eudocia (A. D. 456), not to one of his younger sons, Gento, as Idatius says, but to his eldest son Hunneric (who succeeded his father, A. D. 477, as king of the Vandals); and sent Eudoxia and Placidia to Constantinople. After living sixteen years with Hunneric, and bearing him a son, Hulderic, who also afterwards became king of the Vandals, Eudocia, on the ground of dislike to the Arianism of her husband, secretly left him, and went to Jerusalem, where she soon after died (A. D. 472), having bequeathed all she had to the Church of the Resurrection, and was buried in the sepulchre of her grandmother, the empress Eudocia. (Evagrius, Hist. Eccles. 2.7; Marc
Eudo'xia 2. Daughter of Theodosius II. and of Eudocia, born A. D. 422, and betrothed soon after to Valentinian, son of the emperor Honorius, who afterwards was emperor of the West as Valentinian III. and to whom she was married at Constantinople in A. D. 436 or 437. On the assassination of her husband by Maximus (A. D. 455), who usurped the throne, she was compelled to marry the usurper; but, resenting both the death of her husband and the violence offered to herself, she instigated Genseric, king of the Vandals, who had conquered Africa, to attack Rome. Genseric took the city. Maximus was slain in the flight, and Eudoxia and her daughters, Eudocia and Placidia, were carried by the Vandal king to Carthage. After being detained in captivity some years, she was sent with her daughter Placidia and an honourable attendance to Constantinople. [See EUDOCIA, No. 1, and the authorities subjoined there.] The coins of the empresses Eudocia and Eudoxia are, from the two names being put one fo
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Ju'lianus or Ju'lianus Eclanensis (search)
he heretics from the capital of the East. Having been formally condemned by the great council of Ephesus, in 431, Julianus appears to have lived in obscurity until 439, when he made a last desperate effort to recover his station and privileges; but the attempt having been frustrated by the firmness of Sixtus II., his name from this time forward disappears entirely from history, if we except the statement of Gennadius, who records that he died under Valentinian, and therefore not later than A. D. 455, having previously swelled the number of his followers by distributing his whole fortune among the poor, to alleviate their sufferings during a famine. Works No work of Julianus undoubtedly genuine has been transmitted to us entire, and his merits as an author are known only from mutilated fragments contained in the writings of his theological opponents. We find traces of the following :-- 1 Epistola ad Zosimum Composed probably in 418, quoted by Marius Mercator in the sixth and nint
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, Petro'nius (ANI'CIUS ?), Roman emperor, A. D. 455. His long and meritorious life as an officer of state forms a striking contrast with his short and unfortunate reign. He belonged to the high nobility of Rome, and was a descendant, or at any rate a kinsman, of Petronius Probus, who gained so much power in Rome towards the end of the fourth century of our era; it is doubtful whether he was the son of a daughter of the emperor Maximus Magnus; nor is his title to the Anician name sufficiently established, although Tillemont says that there are two inscriptions on which he is called Anicius. Maximus Petronius was born about A. D. 388, or perhaps as late as 395. At the youthful age of 19 he was admitted to the council of the emperor Honorius in his double quality of tribune and notary (407 or 414). In 415 he was comes largitionum, and in 420 he filled the important office of praefectus Romae, discharging his duty with such general satisfaction that, in 421, on the solicitation o
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Petro'nia Gens plebeian, laid claim to high antiquity, since a Petronius Sabinus is said to have lived in the reign of Tarquinius Superbus. [PETRONIUS, No. 1.] The coins struck by Petronius Turpilianus, who was one of the triumvirs of the mint in the reign of Augustus, likewise contain reference to the real or supposed Sabine origin of the gens. [TURPILIANUS.] But during the time of the republic scarcely any one of this name is mentioned. Under the empire, however, the name frequently occurs both in writers and in inscriptions with various cognomens; many of the Petronii obtained the consular dignity, and one of them, Petronius Maximus, was eventually raised to the imperial purple in A. D. 455. The name, however, is best known from the celebrated writer spoken of below.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Prosper Aquitanus or Prosper Aquitanicus (search)
the name of Prosper. It will be convenient to describe them separately according to the titles by which they are usually discriminated. 1. Chronicon Consulare Extending from A. D. 379, the date at which the chronicle of Jerome ends, down to A. D. 455, the events being arranged according to the years of the Roman consuls. We find short notices with regard to the Roman emperors, the Roman bishops, and political occurrences in general, but the troubles of the Church are especially dwelt upon, 6-1649. Rösler infers from internal evidence, that it was originally brought down by Prosper to A. D. 433, and that subsequently two additions were made to it, either by himself or by some other hand, the one reaching to A. D. 444, the other to A. D. 455. We ought to observe also that, as might be expected in a work of this nature, we find it in some MSS. continued still further, while in others it is presented in a compressed and mutilated form. 2. Chronicon Imperiale Called also Chronicon
us, about A. D. 440. Further Information It was first printed in the Antidotum contra diversaos onmnium fere Saeculorum Haereses of Io. Sichardus, fol. Basel, 1528, under the title Timothei Episcopi ad Ecclesiam Catholicam toto Orbe diffusam et Salviani Episcopi Massiliensis in Librum Timothei ad Salonium Episcopum praefatio. II. De Providentia s. De Gubernatione Dei et de Justo Dei pracsentique Judicio Libri. Written during the inroads by the barbarians upon the Roman empire, A. D. 451-455. Editions It was first printed by Frobenius, Basel, fol. 1530, with the title D. Salviani Massyliensis Episcopi de vero Judicio et Providentia Dei ad S. Salonium Episcopum Viennensem Libri VIII. cura Io. Alexandri Brassicani Jureconsulti editi ac eruditis et cum primis Utilibus Scholiis illustrati. Extra work erroneously attributed to Salvianus To Frobenius 1530 is appended a tract by some unknown person, attributed erroneously to Salvianus: Anticimenon (i. e. a)ntikeime/nwn) Libri III
Theodoricus or THEODERICUS II., king of the Visigoths A. D. 452-466, was the second son of Theodoric I. He was present with his father at the battle of Châlons in 451, and succeeded to the throne by the murder of his brother Thorismond at the close of the following year (452). [THORISMOND.] In A. D. 455 Avitus, who had been well acquainted with the elder Theodoric, was sent as ambassador to the court of Toulouse, to renew the alliance between the Visigoths and the Romans. While staying with Theodoric, he received intelligence of the death of Maximus, and of the sack of Rome by the Vandals. His royal host pressed him to mount the vacant throne, and promised him his powerful assistance. Avitus could not resist the temptation, and the senate was obliged to receive a master from the king of the Visigoths. Theodoric soon showed that he was an able and willing ally of the emperor whom he had placed upon the throne. The Suevi, who had settled in Gallicia in Spain, threatened to extinguish t
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