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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 457 AD or search for 457 AD in all documents.

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Aegi'dius a Roman commander in Gaul under Majorianus. (A. D. 457-461.) After the death of the latter, he maintained an independent sovereignty in Gaul, and was elected by the Franks as their king, after they had banished Childeric. Four years afterwards, Childeric was restored; but Aegidius did not oppose his return, and he retained his influence in Gaul till his death. (Gregor. Turon. 2.12.)
Agape'tus (*)Agaphto/s). 1. Metropolitan Bishop of Rhodes, A. D. 457. When the Emperor Leo wrote to him for the opinion of his suffragans and himself on the council of Chalcedon, he defended it against Timotheus Aelurus, in a letter still extant in a Latin translation, Conciliorum Nova Collectio à Mansi, vol. vii. p. 5
Anato'lius (*)Anato/lios), Patriarch of CONSTANTINOPLE (A. D. 449), presided at a synod at Constantinople (A. D. 450) which condemned Eutyches and his followers, and was present at the general council of Chalcedon (A. D. 451), out of the twenty-eighth decree of which a contest sprung up between Anatolius and Leo, bishop of Rome, respecting the relative rank of their two sees. A letter from Anatolius to Leo, written upon this subject in A. D. 457, is still extant. (Cave, Hist. Lit. A. D. 449.) [P.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
n the reign of the emperor Anastasius, and held a high public office in his native country. He is called a man of great influence and an orthodox Christian, which is inferred from his advocating the decrees of the council of Chalcedon. Works History of the Byzantine Empire His history of the Byzantine empire, in three books, which is now lost, began with the election of the emperor Leo the Thracian, and came down to the death of Zeno the Isaurian. It therefore embraced the period from A. D. 457 to 491. A summary of its contents is preserved in Photius (cod. 79), to whom we are also indebted for the few facts concerning the life of Candidus which we have mentioned, and who censures the style of the historian for its affectation of poetical beauties. A small fragment of the work is preserved by Suidas (s. v. *Xeiri/zw). Editions The extant fragments of Candidus are printed in the appendix to "Eclogae Historicorum de Reb. Byz.," ed. Labbe, which forms an appendix to " Excerpt
captives--amongst them the empress and her daughters, whose sufferings have become famous through the alleviation which they received from the Christian charity of Deogratias, bishop of Carthage. In the same invasion were destroyed Capua, Nola, and Neapolis. (Procop. Bell. Vand. 1.4, 5; Jornandes, Reb. Get. 100.45; Chronicles of Idalius, &c.; Hist. Miscell. 15.) Twice the empire endeavored to revenge itself, and twice it foiled: the first was the attempt of the Western emperor Majorian (A. D. 457), whose i fleet was destroyed in the bay of Carthagena. The second was the expedition sent by the Eastern emperor Leo, under the command of Heraclius, Marcellinus, and Bantiscus (A. D. 468), which was also baffled by the burning of the fleet off Bona. After this securing all his conquests, and finally making peace with Zeno, the Eastern emperor. he died A. D. 477. at a great age, leaving in his will instructicis that his kinadomn should always desceend in the li le of the eldest rualle i h
Hypere'chius 2. A Greek grammarian of Alexandria, who lived in the time of the emperor Marcian (A. D. 450-457), and wrote some works on grammar, severally entitled, 1. *Te/xnh grammatikh/; 2. *Peri\ o)noma/twn; and 3. *Peri\ r(h/matos kai\ o)rqografi/as. He was banished by the emperor Leo I., successor of Marcian. (Suidas, s. v. *Le/wn o( *Make/llhs, *(Upere/ixios; Fabr. Bibl. Gr. vol. vi. p. 370.) [J.C.M]
Jaco'bus (*)Ia/kwbos). 1. Of ALEXANDRIA, called PSYCHRISTUS or PSYCOCHRISTUS, a physician who lived in the reign of the emperor Leo I. Thrax (A. D. 457-474), mentioned by Photius Bibl. Cod. 242), and by Tillemont, who has supplied many references respecting him. (Hist. des Emp. vol. 6.376
clurus, patriarch of Alexandria, about A. D. 460, wrote to the various prelates of the Eastern church, and to Jacobus, Symeon Stylites, and Baradatus, all three eminent ascetics, for their judgment in the matter. The answer of Jacobus is described by Photius as written with great simplicity of style, but full of the Holy Spirit and of wisdom. Jacobus and Theodoret were united by the closest ties of friendship; and when Jacobus died, he was buried in the same tomb with his friend. Their year of Jacobus' death is not stated: he was still alive in 460, when he replied to Leo's letter; but as he is said not to have very long survived Theodoret, who died A. D. 457 or 458, he must have died soon after 460, if not in that year. (Theodoret, Philotheus s. Hist. Relg., 100.21; Evagr. H. E. 2.9; Theodor. Lector, H. E. 1.11; Theoph. Chronog. p. 96, ed. Paris, p. 173,ed. Bonn; Photius, Bibl. Cod. 228, 229; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 406, ed. Oxford, 1740; Assemani, Bibl. Orient. vol. i. p. 255.)
Lucianus 2. Of BYZA, apparently the BIZYA of the classical writers, an episcopal city of Thrace, lived in the fifth century. Works Letter to Leo I. A Latin version of a letter of his to the emperor Leo I. Thrax (who reigned from A. D. 457 to 474), is given in the various editions of the Concilia. It recognises the authority of the three councils of Nice, A. D. 325, Ephesus A. D. 431, and Chalcedon A. D. 451, and declares Timotheus (Aelurus) patriarch of Alexandria, to be deserving of deposition. From the reference to this last matter, on which Leo seems to have required the judgment of various prelates, the letter appears to have been written in or soon after A. D. 457. In the superscription to the letter he is called " Byzae Metropolitanus ;" but if we are correct in identifying Byza with Bizya, this title must not be understood as implying archiepiscopal rank, for Bizya does not appear to have been an archiepiscopal see, but a simple bishoprick, under the metropolitan of Her
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Majoria'nus, Ju'lius Vale'rius emperor of Rome (A. D. 457-461), ascended the throne under the following circumstances. After the death of the emperor Avitus, the supreme power in the western empire remained in the hands of Ricimer, who was the real master previously, and would have assumed the imperial title, but for the certainty that his elevation would create a terrible commotion. For he was a Suevian by origin, and there was a decided prejudice among the Romans to choose a barbarian for their emperor. Ricimer consequently gave the crown to Majorianus, with the consent of the Eastern emperor Leo (A. D. 457). The name of Majorian appears as early as 438, when he distinguished himself in the war against the Franks, and ever since he had continued to serve in the field, making himself known at once for his military skill and his excellent character. He was descended from a family distinguished in the army, and was indeed one of the best men that ever filled the throne of the Caesars
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