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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 459 AD or search for 459 AD in all documents.

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Ge'nnadius 1. The earlier of the two was a presbyter of the Church of Constantinople, and became bishop of that see,A. D. 459, on the decease of Anatolius [ANATOLIUS]. He was one of those who pressed the emperor Leo I., the Thracian, to punish Timothy Aelurus (or the Cat), who had occupied the see of Alexandria on the murder of Proterius, and his intervention was so far successful that Timothy was banished, A. D. 460. He also opposed Peter Gnapheus (or the Fuller) who, under the patronage of Zeno, son-in-law of the emperor, and general of the Eastern provinces, had expelled Martyrius from the see of Antioch, and occupied his place. Gennadius honourably received Martyrius, who went to Constantinople. and succeeded in procuring the banishment of Peter, A. D. 464. Gennadius died. A. D. 471, and was succeeded by Acacius [ACACIUS, No.4]. Theodore Anagnostes (or the Reader) has preserved some curious particulars of Gennadias, whose death he seems to ascribe to the effect of a vision which
erred to by the scholiast on Basil. vol. v. p. 356, under the name h( tou= *)Isidw/rou e)kdo/sis, for the scholium on that passage relates to cod. 3. tit. 41. In Schol. Basil. vol. vi. p. 219, Isidorus cites a Constitution of Leo. This citation has by some been supposed to point to a Novel of Leo the Philosopher, and accordingly the date of Isidorus has been thrown forward; but Reiz has justly observed (ad Theoph. p. 1237) that Isidorus is referring to a Constitution of Leo the Thracian of A. D. 459, inserted in cod. 8. tit. 54. s. 30. From Schol. Basil. vol. ii. p. 558, and Schol. Basil. vol. iii. p. 53, Isidorus is proved to have written a commentary on the Digest; and several extracts from this commentary are appended to the Basilica. (Schol. Basil. vol. ii. p. 555, 556, 558, &c. ed. Fabrot., vol. ii. p. 384, 396, 398, 399, 483, ed. Heimbach.) No credit is to be given to Nic. Comnenus Papadopoli, who (Praenot. Mystag. p. 403) speaks of an Isidorus antecessor and logotheta dromi,
eserving of deposition. From the reference to this last matter, on which Leo seems to have required the judgment of various prelates, the letter appears to have been written in or soon after A. D. 457. In the superscription to the letter he is called " Byzae Metropolitanus ;" but if we are correct in identifying Byza with Bizya, this title must not be understood as implying archiepiscopal rank, for Bizya does not appear to have been an archiepiscopal see, but a simple bishoprick, under the metropolitan of Heracleia, of whom Lucian appeared as the representative in the council of Chalcedon. Lucian's name is subscribed to a decretal of Gennadius I., patriarch of Constantinople (A. D. 459 to 471), as Lucian, " bishop of the Metropolitan see of Byza," e)pi/okopos mhtropo/lews *Bu/zhs. Further Information Concilia, vol. iv. col. 908, ed. Labbe; vol. ii. col. 707, ed. Hardouin; vol. vii. col. 541, ed. Mansi; Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, vol. i. col. 1146; Cave, Hist. Litt. ad ann. 457.
Macedo'nius 4. Of CONSTANTINOPLE (2). Macedonius, the second patriarch of Constantinople of the name, was nephew of Gennadius I., who was patriarch from A. D. 459 to 471, and by whom he was brought up. He held the office of Sceuophylax, or keeper of the sacred vessels, in the great church at Constantinople, and, on the deposition of the patriarch Euphemius or Euthymius, was nominated patriarch by the emperor Anastasius I., who probably appreciated the mildness and moderation of his temper. His appointment is placed by Theophanes in A. M. 488, Alex. era,=496 A. D. Though he himself probably recognised the council of Chalcedon, he was persuaded by the emperor to subscribe the Henoticon of Zeno, in which that council was silently passed over, and endeavoured to reconcile to the church the monks of the monasteries of Constantinople, who had broken off from the communion of the patriarch from hatred to the Henoticon; but he met with no success, although, in order to gain them over, he per