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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AQUA CLAUDIA (search)
AQUA CLAUDIA * an aqueduct which (like the ANIO Novus, q.v.) was begun by Caligula in 38 A.D. (Suet. Cal. 21), and completed by Claudius in 52(unless Tac. Ann. xi. 13 indicates its completion in 47; see Furneaux in loc.), who dedicated it on 1st August. After being in use for only ten years, the supply failed, and was interrupted for nine years, until Vespasian restored it in 71; and ten years later Titus had to repair it once more, aquas Curtiam et Caeruleam ... cum a capite aquarum a solo vetustate (!) dilapsae essent nova forma reducendas sua impensa curavit. On 3rd July, 88, a tunnel under the mons Aeflanus, near Tibur, was completed. We have no records of other restorations, except from the study of the remains themselves, which show that a good deal of repairing was done in the second and third centuries (Plin. NH xxxvi. 122; Frontinus, de aquis i. 4, 13-15, 18-20, iii. 69, 72, 76, 86, 87, 89, 91, 104, 105; Suet. Claud. 20; Procop. BG ii. 3 (cf. PBS iv. 72, 73); Not. app.;
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
of Felicitas burnt, 207: of Salus burnt but restored later, 462; Arch of Tiberius near Pompey's Theatre, 45; Porticus Minucia Frumentaria (?), 425; Statues in Temple of Augustus, 62; marble carceres in Circus Maximus, 116; Horti Pallantiani, 270; terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538. 41 Arch for German victories (?), 36. 43Ara Pietatis Augustae dedicated, 390. 45(before). Facade of Carcer (?), 100. 44-45Cippi of Aqua Virgo, 29. 46Restores Aqua Virgo, 29, 35. 47Aqua Claudia completed (?), 22. 49Pomerium extended to include Aventine, 66, 393. 51-52Arch of Claudius carrying Aqua Virgo over the Via Lata, 29, 35. 52Anio Novus completed, 11. Aqua Claudia dedicated, 22. Porta Praenestina (Maggiore), 412. 54-68Reign of Nero: before 64 A.D. Nero builds Domus Transitoria, 194 ff.; removes Euripus in Circus Maximus, 116, 203; Agrippina begins Temple of Claudius, 120. 58Ficus Navia withers, 208. 58-62Arch of Nero on Capitol, 41. 59Macellum Magn
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Aelia'nus, Plautius offered up the prayer as pontifex, when the first stone of the new Capitol was laid in A. D. 71. (Tac. Hist. 4.53.) We learn from an inscription (Gruter, p.453; Orelli, n. 750), that his full name was Ti. Plautius Silvanus Aelianus, that he held many important military commands, and that he was twice consul. His first consulship was in A. D. 47; the date of his second is unknown.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or BARDANES (search)
Arsaces Xxi. or BARDANES BARDANES, the brother of the preceding, attempted to recover Armenia, but was deterred from his design by Vibius Marsus, the governor of Syria. He defeated his brother Gotarzes, who had repented of his resignation, and attempted to recover the throne; but his successes led him to treat his subjects with haughtiness, who accordingly put him to death while he was hunting, A. D. 47. His death occasioned fresh disputes for the crown, which was finally obtained by Gotarzes; but as he also governed with cruelty, the Parthians secretly applied to the emperor Claudius, to beg him to send them from Rome Meherdates, the grandson of Phraates IV. Claudius complied with their request, and commanded the governor of Syria to assist Meherdates. Through the treachery of Abgarus, king of Edessa, the hopes of Meherdates were ruined; he was defeated in battle, and taken prisoner by Gotarzes, who died himself shortly afterwards, about A. D. 50. (Tac. Ann. 11.10, 12.10-14.)
d ill A. D. 35, Mithridates invaded Armenia and took its capital, Artaxata. Josephus (18.3.4.) calls this Armenian king Orodes, but this was the name of his brother, who, as we learn from Tacitus, was sent by the Parthian king to revenge his death. (Tac. Ann. 6.31-33; D. C. 58.26.) Mithridates The aforesaid brother of Pharasmanes, was established on the throne of Armenia by the emperor Tiberius, A. D. 35. He was recalled to Rome by Caligula, but sent into Armenia again by Claudius, about A. D. 47, where he continued to reign, supported by the Romans, till he was expelled and put to death by his nephew Rhadamistus, A. D. 52. (Tac. Ann. 6.33, 9.8, 9, 12.44-47; D. C. 60.8.) Rhadamistus the son of Pharasmanes, king of Iberia, was a highly fitted but ambitious youth, whom his old father tied to get rid of by exciting him to invade Armenia, for which purpose he gave him an army. (A. D. 52.) Rhadamistus, seconded by the perfidy of the Roman praefect in Armenia, Pollio, succeeded in seiz
Mithridates The aforesaid brother of Pharasmanes, was established on the throne of Armenia by the emperor Tiberius, A. D. 35. He was recalled to Rome by Caligula, but sent into Armenia again by Claudius, about A. D. 47, where he continued to reign, supported by the Romans, till he was expelled and put to death by his nephew Rhadamistus, A. D. 52. (Tac. Ann. 6.33, 9.8, 9, 12.44-47; D. C. 60.8.)
Cotys 6. A king of a portion of Thrace, and perhaps one of the sons of No. 5. (See Tac. Ann. 2.67.) In A. D. 38, Caligula gave the whole of Thrace to Rhoemetalces, son of Rhescuporis, and put Cotys in possession of Armenia Minor. In A. D. 47, when Claudius wished to place Mithridates on the throne of Armenia, Cotys endeavoured to obtain it for himself, and had succeeded in attaching some of the nobles to his cause, but was compelled by the commands of the emperor to desist. (D. C. 59.12; Tac. Ann. 11.9.)
Fla'vius a brother of Arminius, chief of the Cheruscans. In the summer of A. D. 16, the Romans and the Cheruscans were drawn up on the opposite banks of the Weser (Visurgis), when Arminius, prince of the Cheruscans, stepped forth from a group of chieftains, and demanded to speak with his brother, a distinguished officer in the Roman army. Flavius had lost an eye in the service of Rome. The brothers, after their followers had fallen back, conversed across the stream. On learning the cause of his brother's disfigurement, Arminius asked what had been its compensation. Flavius replied, increased pay, and the usual rewards of valour. Arminius derided his chains and chaplet, as the gear of a slave; and now began between therm an angry colloquy, which, but for the stream between, would have passed into blows. (Tac. Ann. 2.9.) A descendant of Flavius, named Italicus, became in A. D. 47 chieftain of the Cheruscans. (Ibid. 11.16.) [W.B.D]
Ita'licus one of the two kings of the Suevians who in A. D. 70 joined the party of Vespasian and fought against the Vitellians at Bedriacum in Cisalpine Gaul. (Tac. Hist. 3.5, 21.) He was probably a son of the Italicus mentioned by the same historian (Ann. 11.16) A. D. 47, who was invited to the chieftancy of the Cheruscans, and afterwards for his tyranny and intemperance expelled by them. In most editions of Tacitus the name is Italus, and, whether this or Italicus be the true reading, his Teutonic appellation is probably superseded by an agnomen derived from his education at Rome while detained there as an hostage. [FLAVIUS, p. 174.] [W.B.D]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marsus, Vi'bius whom Tacitus calls (Ann. 6.47) "vetustis honoribus studiisque illustris," is first mentioned in A. D. 19 as one of the most likely persons to obtain the government of Syria, but he gave way to Cn. Sentius. In the same year he was sent to summon Piso to Rome to stand his trial. His name occurs again in A. D. 26, in the debates of the senate; and just before the death of Tiberius (A. D. 37) he narrowly escaped death, being accused as one of the accomplices of Albucilla. In A. D. 47 we find him governor of Syria. (Tac. Ann. 2.74, 79, 4.56, 6.47, 48, 11.10.) The name of C. Vibius Marsus, proconsul, appears on several coins of Utica in Africa, struck in the reign of Tiberius: they probably relate to the same person as the one mentioned above; and as he was disappointed in obtaining the province of Syria in the reign of Tiberius, he may have been appointed to that of Africa. (Eckhel, vol. iv. pp. 147, 148.)
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