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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
restes, who seized the government of the empire after having driven out the emperor Julius Nepos. Orestes, probably of Gothic origin, married a daughter of the comes Romulus at Petovio or Petavio, in the south-western part of Pannonia; their son was called Romulus Augustus, but the Greeks altered Romulus into *Mwmu=llos, and the Romans, despising the youth of the emperor, changed Augustus into Augustulus. Orestes, who declined assuming the purple, had his youthful son proclaimed emperor in A. D. 475, but still retained the real sovereignty in his own hands. As early as 476, the power of Orestes was overthrown by Odoacer, who defeated his rival at Pavia and put him to death; Paulus, the brother of Orestes, was slain at Ravenna. Romulus Augustulus was allowed to live on account of his youth, beauty, and innocence, but was exiled by the victor to the villa of Lucullus, on the promontory of Misenum in Campania, which was then a fortified castle. There he lived upon a yearly allowance of s
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Faustus or Faustus Reiensis (search)
hile alive, and was worshipped as a saint after death, by the citizens of Riez, who erected a basilica to his memory, and long celebrated his festival on the 18th of January. The works of Faustus have never been collected and edited with care, and hence the accounts given by different authorities vary considerably. The following list, if not absolutely complete, embraces every thing of importance :-- Works Professio Fidei and De Gratia Dei The following two treatises, composed about A. D. 475, present a full and distinct developemenient of the sentiments of the author with regard to original sin, predestinati on, free will, election, and grace, and demonstrate that his views corresponded closely with those entertained by Cassianus. 1. Professio Fidei, contra eos, qui per solam Dei Voluntatem alios dicunt ad Vitam attrahi, alios in Mortem deprimi. Further Information Bibl. Max. Patr. Lugdun. 1677, vol. viii. p. 523. 2. De Gratia Dei et Hamanae Mentis libero Arbitrio Libri
Gela'sius 3. Of CYZICUS, was the son of a presbyter of the church of Cyzicus, and it was while at home in his father's house that he met with an old volume written on parchment, containing a full account of what was said and done at the first council of Nice. Works The Acts of the First Council, in three parts From this record he derived considerable aid in arguing with the Eutychians during their ascendancy under the usurper Basiliscus, A. D. 475-477 ; and this induced him to collect further information respecting the Council, from Joannes, Eusebius of Caesareia, Rufinus, and others. He embodied the information thus collected in a work termed by Photius *Praktiko\n th=s *Prw/ths *Suno/dou e)n trisi/ to/mois; The Acts of the First Council, in three parts; but, as Photius remarks, it is as much entitled to the name of History as of Acts. The work is extant in the different editions of the Concilia ; but it has been suspected that the third part, or book, has been mutilated or c
e place calls him Patricius, mistaking his title of Patrician for a proper name. Illus was an Isaurian, but the time and place of his birth are unknown. He is said to have held various offices under the Emperor Leo I. (A. D. 457-474), and to have been an intimate friend of Zeno, apparently before his accession. But we first read of him in Zeno's reign and in hostility to that emperor. Basiliscus, brother of the empress dowager Verina,the widow of Leo,hadexpelled Zeno from Constantinople (A. D. 475) and sent an army in pursuit of him under Illus and his brother Trocondus (whose name is variously written *Tro/kondos, *Trokou=ndos, *Trobou=ndos, *Prokou=ndos, *Pro/mondos, and *Sekoou=ndos, and by the Latin writers Trocundus and Tricundius) into Isauria, where Zeno had taken refuge. The brothers defeated the fugitive emperor (July, A. D. 476) and blockaded him on a hill called by the people near it "Constantinople." (Suidas, s. v. *Zh/nwn.) During the blockade Illus and Trocondus, insti
Leo'ntius 3. Of ARELATE or ARLES, was bishop of that city about the middle of the fifth century. Leontius presided in a council at Arles, held about A. D. 475, to condemn an error into which some had fallen respecting the doctrine of predestination. He appears to have died in A. D. 484. He is mentioned by Sidonius Apollinaris. Works Letter to the pope Several letters were written to him by Pope Hilarius (A. D. 461-467) which are given in the Concilia: and a letter of Leontius to the pope (dated A. D. 462) survives. Editions This letter is given in the Spicilegium of D'Achery (vol. v. p. 578 of the original edition, or vol. iii. p. 302, in the edition of De La Barre, fol. Paris, 1723), and in the Concilia. Further Information Sidon. Apollin. Epist. 7.6, Concilia, vol. iv. col. 1039, 1044, 1041*, 1828, ed. Labbe; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 449; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. viii. p. 324, vel. xii. p. 653, Bibl. Med. et Infim. Latinitatis, vol. v. p. 268, ed. Mansi; Tillemon
Marcus the son of the emperor Basiliscus, was created Caesar, and soon afterwards Augustus and co-emperor, by his father, in A. D. 475, and was put to death by Zeno in 477, together with Basiliscus and the rest of his family. In consequence of being emperor along with his father, several of the coins struck by Basiliscus, represent the portraits of both father and son. [BASILISCUS.] (Eckhel, vol. viii. p. 204.) [W.P]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Nepos, Ju'lius the last emperor but one of the Western Empire, A. D. 474-475. He was the son of Nepotianus, by a sister of that Marcellinus who established a temporary independent principality in Illyricum, about the middle of the fifth century. [MARCELLINUS.] A law of the Codex of Justinian mentions a Nepotianus as general of the army in Dalmatia in A. D. 471, but it is doubtful whether this was the emperor's father or the emperor himself, as it is not clear whether the true reading of the Codex is Nepotianus or Nepos, and even the determination of the reading would not settle the point, as Theophanes (Chronographia, ad A. M. 5965) gives to the emperor himself the name of Nepotianus, and adds that he was a native of Dalmatia. It is not improbable that the family of Marcellinus preserved, after his death in A. D. 468, a portion of the power which he had possessed in Illyricum, and that this was the motive which induced the Eastern emperor Leo [LEO I.] to give to Nepos his niece (or,
Orestes (*)Ore/sths), regent of Italy during the short reign of his infant son Romulus Augustulus, from the 29th of August, A. D. 475, to the 28th of August, 476. As his history is given in the lives of Romulus Augustulus, Nepos, and Odoacer, we need only add here a few remarks. He was a Roman by origin, but born in Pannonia, and when Attila conquered that province, he and his father Tatulus both entered the service of the conqueror till the death of the latter and the downfal of the Hunnic empire. Orestes held the office of secretary to Attila, and was also his ambassador at Constantinople. After the death of Attila, Orestes returned to Italy, where on account of his great wealth, he soon rose to eminence, and obtained the title and rank of patricius. He then married a daughter of Romulus Comes. In 475, while at Rome, he received orders from the emperor Julius Nepos to assemble an army and send it to Gaul, as fears were entertained that the West Gothic king Eurie intended another i
mmediately expelled the intruder, in whose place Julian was with general approval elected. Peter was sentenced to banishment to the Oasis of Upper Egypt, but he contrived to escape from exile, and returning to Constantinople, obtained refuge in the monastery of the Acoemetae, where he remained till the revolt of Basiliscus against Zeno, having bound himself by oath to abstain from exciting further troubles. His usurpation of the See of Antioch may be placed in A. D. 469. When Basiliscus (A. D. 475) had expelled Zeno from Constantinople, it appears to have been his first policy to court the Monophysite party, whom Leo and Zeno had repressed; and, at the persuasion of Timotheus Aelurus, Monophysite patriarch of Alexandria, whom he had recalled from exile, he issued an encyclical letter to the various prelates of the church, anathematizing the decrees of the Synod of Chalcedon. To this letter Peter gave his formal assent: and obtained a decree restoring him to the patriarchate of antio
his death A. D. 457. Timothy Aelurus was immediately raised to the patriarchate by his partizans, but was shortly after banished by the emperor Leo L, the Thracian, who had suceeded Marcian : Peter also was obliged to flee. Another Timothy, surnamed Salofaciolus, a supporter of the Council of Chaleedon, was appointed to succeed Proterius in the patriarchate. When, in the following reign of Zeno, or rather during the short usurpation of Basiliscus, Timotheus Aelurus was recalled from exile (A. D. 475), and was sent from Constantinople to Alexandria to re-occupy that see. he was joined by Peter (Liberatus, ibid. 100.16), and his party, and with their support drove out his competitor Salofaciolus, who took refuge in a monastery at Conopus. On the downfal of Basiliscus and the restoration of Zeno, Timothy Aelurus was allowed. through the emperor's compassion for his great age. to retain his see; but when on his death (A. D. 477) the Monophysite bishopis of Egypt, without waiting for the e
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