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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 21 21 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 2 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 48 AD or search for 48 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Hero'des Ii. Agrippa the son of Agrippa I., was educated at the court of the emperor Claudius, and at the time of his father's death was only seventeen years old. Claudius therefore kept him at Rome, and sent Cuspius Fadus as procurator of the kingdom, which thus again became a Roman province. On the death of Herodes, king of Chalcis (A. D. 48), his little principality, with the right of superintending the temple and appointing the high priest, was given to Agrippa, who four years afterwards received in its stead the tetrarchies formerly held by Philip and Lysanias, with the title of king. In A. D. 55, Nero added the cities of Tiberias and Taricheae in Galilea, and Julias, with fourteen villages near it, in Peraea. Agrippa expended large sums in beautifying Jerusalem and other cities, especially Berytus. His partiality for the latter rendered hint unpopular amongst his own subjects, and the capricious manner in which he appointed and deposed the high priests, with some other acts whic
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
and it seems that their exile was connected with the punishment of Lepidus, who was put to death for having conspired against the emperor. Previously to her exile, Agrippina was compelled by her brother to carry to Rome the ashes of Lepidus. This happened in A. D. 39. Agrippina and her sister were released in A. D. 41, by their uncle, Claudius, immediately after his accession, although his wife, Messalina, was the mortal enemy of Agrippina. Messalina was put to death by order of Claudius in A. D. 48; and in the following year, A. D. 49, Agrippina succeeded in marrying the emperor. Claudius was her uncle, but her marriage was legalized by a senatuseonsultum, by which the marriage of a man with his brother's daughter was declared valid; this senatusconsultum was afterwards abrogated by the emperors Constantine and Constaus. In this intrigue Agrippina displayed the qualities of an accomplished courtezan, and such was the influence of her charms and superior talents over the old emperor, t
Bereni'ce 2. The eldest daughter of Agrippa I., by his wife Cypros, was espoused at a very early age to Marcus, son of Alexander the Alabarch; but he died before the consummation of the marriage, and she then became the wife of her uncle, Herod, king of Chalcis, by whom she had two sons. (J. AJ 18.5.4, 19.5.1, 9.1, 20.5.2, 7.3; Bell. Jud. 2.2.6.) After the death of Herod, A. D. 48, Berenice, then 20 years old, lived for a considerable time with her brother, and not without suspicion of an incestuous commerce with him, to avoid the scandal of which she induced Polemon, king of Cilicia, to marry her; but she soon deserted him and returned to Agrippa, with whom she was living in A. D. 62, when St. Paul defended himself before him at Caesareia. (J. AJ 20.7.3; Juv. 6.156; Acts, xxv. xxvi.) About A. D. 65, we hear of her being at Jerusalem (whither she had gone for the performance of a vow), and intereding for the Jews with Gessius Florus, at the risk of her life, during his cruel massacre
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Caesoni'nus, Sui'lius was one of the parties accused A. D. 48, when Messalina, the wife of Claudius, went so far in contempt of her husband as to marry the young eques, C. Silius. Tacitus says, that Caesoninus saved his life through his vices, and that on the occasion of Messalina's marriage he disgraced himself in the basest manner. (Tac. Ann. 11.36.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Calpurnia'nus, De'cius praefect of the body-guard of the emperor Claudius, seems to have been compromised in the adulterous conduct of Messalina, and was put to death in consequence, A. D. 48. (Tac. Ann. 11.35.) [L.S]
llio. He seems to have been as well skilled in the use of the Greek as of the Latin language, for he wrote two historical works in Greek, the one a history of Carthage, in eight books, and the other a history of Etruria, in twenty books. However small the literary merit of these productions may have been, still the loss of the history of Etruria in particular is greatly to be lamented, as we know that he made use of the genuine sources of the Etruscans themselves. Speech for the Aedui In A. D. 48, the Aedui petitioned that their senators should obtain the jus petendorum honorum at Rome. Claudius supported their petition in a speech which he delivered in the senate. The grateful inhabitants of Lyons had this speech of the emperor engraved on brazen tables, and exhibited them in public. Two of these tables were discovered at Lyons in 1529, and are still preserved there. The inscriptions are printed in Gruter's Corp. Inscript. P. DII. Further Information Sueton. Claudius; Dio Cassiu
Geta, Lu'sius praetorian prefect under Claudius I. A. D. 48. He was superseded during the arrest of the empress Messalina by the freedman Narcissus, and deprived of his prefecture in A. D. 52, by Agrippina, who regarded him as a creature of Messalina's, and attached to her son Britannicus. (Tac. Ann. 11.31.33, 12.42.) [W.B.D]
peror with the praetorian dinity; and after the death of Agrippa (A. D. 44), Claudius bestowed upon him the general superintendence of the temple and sacred treasury at Jerusalem, together with the right of appointing the high-priests. Of the latter privilege he availed himself, first to remove Cantheras, and appoint Joseph, the son of Camus, and again, subsequently to displace Joseph, and bestow that high dignity upon Ananias, the son of Nebedeus. These are all the events that are recorded of his reign, which lasted less than eight years, as he died in A. D. 48, when his petty kingdom was bestowed by Claudius upon his nephew, Herod Agrippa II. (J. AJ 19.5.1, 20.1.3, 5.2, B. J. 2.11. ยงยง 5, 6; D. C. 60.8.) He was twice married, first to Mariamne, daughter of Olympias, the daughter of Herod the Great, by whom he had a son, Aristobulus; secondly, to the accomplished Berenice, daughter of his brother Agrippa, who bore him two sons, Berenicianus and Hyrcanus. (J. AJ 18.5.4, 20.5.2.) [E.H.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Joannes TALAIA (search)
was detected in intrigues to obtain his own appointment in the event of a vacancy : perhaps his connection with Illus [ILLUS], whose friendship, according to Liberatus, he cultivated by costly presents, excited the jealousy and apprehensions of the emperor. However this might be, though Zeno granted to the Alexandrians the liberty which they had requested, he bound Joannes by a solemn oath not to seek the succession for himself. Soon after the return of Joannes, Tinothus Salophaciolus died (A. D. 48 1), and Joannes was elected to succeed him, but was almost immediately expelled from his see by order of the emperor. The cause of his expulsion is differently stated. Liberatus says that he was expelled mainly through the jealousy of Acacius, patriarch of Constantinople, to whom on different occasions he had failed in paying due attention. According to Evagrius, who quotes Zacharias as his authority, he was detected in having procured his own election by bribery, and thus breaking the oath
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Latera'nus, Plau'tius was one of the lovers of Messallina, the wife of the emperor Claudius, and was in consequence condemned to death by the emperor in A. D. 48; but pardoned, says Tacitus, on account of the brilliant services of his uncle, by whom the historian probably means A. Plautius, the conqueror of Britain. Lateranus was deprived of his rank as a senator, to which, however, he was restored on the accession of Nero, in A. D. 56. Ten years afterwards (A. D. 66), although consul elect, he took part in the celebrated conspiracy of Piso against Nero, actuated, says the historian, by no private wrongs, but by love for the state. He met death with the greatest firmness, refusing to disclose the names of any of the conspirators, and not even upbraiding the tribune, who executed him in the place where slaves were put to death, with being privy to the conspiracy, though such was the case. The first blow not severing his head from his body, he calmly stretched it out again. (Tac. Ann. 1
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