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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
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misquotation of this passage, that Terrasson (Histoire de la Jurisp. Rom. p. 358) speaks of an Anatolius different from the contemporary of Justinian, and says that this younger Anatolius was employed by the emperor Phocas, conjointly with Theodorus Hermopolites and Isidorus, to translate Justinian's Code into Greek. This statement, for which we have been able to find no authority, seems to be intrinsically improbable. The Constitutio, Omnem (one of the prefaces of the Digest), bears date A. D. 533, and is addressed, among others, to Theodorus, Isidorus, and Anatolius. Now, it is very unlikely that three jurists of similar name should be employed conjointly by the emperor Phocas, who reigned A. D. 602-610. There was probably some confusion in the mind of Terrasson between the emperor Phocas and a jurist of the same name, who was contemporary with Justinian, and commented upon the Code. Anatolius held several offices of importance. He was advocatus fisci, and was one of the majores
Belisa'rius 1. The African expedition (A. D. 533, 534) was speedily ended by the taking of Carthage, the capture of the Vandal king, Gelimer, and the final overthrow of the Vandal kingdom established in Africa. (Procop. Vand. 1.11, 2.8.) His triumph in 534 was remarkable as being the first ever seen at Constantinople, and the first ever enjoyed by a subject since the reign of Tiberius. Amongst his captives was the noble Gelimer, and the spoils of the Vandal kingdom contained the vessels of the temple of Jerusalem, that had been carried from Rome to Carthage by Genseric. He also (alone of Ronian citizens besides Bonifacius) had medals struck in his honour, with his head on the reverse (Cedrenus, 1.370), and on Jan. 1, A. D.535, was inaugurated with great splendour as consul, and with a second triumph, conducted however not according to the new imperial, but the old republican forms. (Procop. Vand. 2.9.)
Jaco'bus a patrons causarum at Constantinople, was one of the commission of sixteen, headed by Tribonian, who were employed by Justinian (A. D. 530-533) to compile the Digest. (Const. Tanta, § 9.) [J.T.G
Joannes 3. An advocate in the courts of the praefecti praetoriorum at Constantinople, was one of the commission of sixteen, headed by Tribonian, who were employed by Justinian (A. D. 530-533) to compile the Digest. (Const. Tunta, § 9, Const. *De/dwken, § 9.) He is a different person from the Joannes who was at the head of the commission appointed to compile the first Constitutionum Codex. Works repetita praelectio codis It appears from Const. Cordi, § 2, that he was one of the commission of five, headed by Tribonian, who drew up the repetita praelectio codis, which was published in A. D. 53
Isido'rus one of the professors of law to whom the constitutio Omnem, de Conceptione Digestorum was addressed by Justinian in A. D. 533. It is generally supposed that Isidorus was a professor at Berytus, not Constantinople, but there is no express authority for this belief. (Ritter, ad Heineccii Hist. Jur. Rom. § 336.) By Suarez (Notit. Basil. § 41), Fabricius (Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 345), and Hoffmann (Hist. Jur. 2.2, p. 556) Isidorus is stated to have been one of the jurists employed by Justinian in compiling the Digest, but there is no warrant for this assertion in Const. Tanta, § 9, where the names of the commissioners appointed by Justinian for that purpose are enumerated. In the " Collectio Constitutionum Graecarum," edited by Ant. Augustinus (8vo. Ilerdae, 1567, fol. 6, A.) is an extract from Matthaeus Blastares, which, as it differs considerably from the text of Blastares given by Beveridge (Synodicon, vol. ii. in Praef. Syntagmatos), we here transcribe : *Ste/fanos ga/r ti
ST. A Latin Epitome of the Novells of Justinian is extant under this name. In one MS. the work is attributed to Joannes, a citizen of Constantinople; in some, no author is named; but in several the translation and abridgment are ascribed to Julianus, a professor (antecessor) at Constantinople. It is remarkable that no jurist of the name is recorded among the compilers employed by Justinian, and no professor of the name occurs in the inscription of the Const. Omnem addressed by Justinian in A. D. 533 to the professors of law at Constantinople and Berytus. Among the extracts from contemporaries of Justinian, which were originally appended to the text of the Basilica, there is not one that bears the name of Julianus. In Basil. 16. tit. 1. s. 6.2 (vol. ii. p. 180, ed. Heimbach), a Julianus is named as putting a question to Stephanus, one of the eminent jurists of Justinian's time, and hence it has been supposed that the author of the Epitome of the Novells was a disciple of Stephanus. Tha
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Justinianus Magnus or Justinian the Great (search)
ith the utmost care, but with all convenient speed. Rapid indeed was the progress of the commissioners. That which Justinian scarcely hoped to see completed in less than ten years, was finished in little more than three; and on the 30th of Dec. A. D. 533, received from the imperial sanction the authority of law. It comprehends upwards of 9000 extracts, in the selection of which the compilers made use of nearly 2000 different books, containing more than 3,000,000 (trecenties decem millia) lines that of the Institutes of Gaius, of which we have given a sketch under GAIUS, pp. 201, 202. The Institutes received the imperial sanction on the 21st of November, 533, and full legal authority was conferred upon them, from the 30th of December, A. D. 533, the same day from which the Digest was to take effect as law. (Prooem. Instit. ; Const. Tanta, § 23.) Had it been possible to make law for ever fixed, and had the emperor's workmen been able to accomplish this object, the desire of Justinian
Libera'tus a deacon of the church of Carthage in the sixth century. He was at Rome in A. D. 533, when the pope, Joannes II., received the bishops sent by the emperor, Justinian I., to consult him on the heresies broached by the monks, designated Acoemetae (or, as Liberatus terms them, Acumici), who had imbibed Nestorian opinions. (Liberat. Breviar. 100.20, comp. Epistolae Justiniani ad Joan. and Joannis ad Justinianum, apud Concilia vol. iv. col. 1742, &c. ed. Labbe.) He was again at Rome in 535, having been sent the previous year, together with the bishops Caius and Petrus, by the synod held at Carthage, under Reparatus, bishop of that see, to consult pope Joannes II. on the reception of those Arians who recanted their heresies into the church. Joannes was dead before the arrival of the African delegates; but they were received by pope Agapetus, his successor. (Epistolae Agapeti ad Reparatum apud Concilia, ed. Labbe, vol. iv. col. 1791, 1792.) When, in 552, Reparatus was banished by
for spectacles and other civic purposes (Procop. Arcan. 100.26). Accordingly, seven philosophers, among whom were Simplicius, Eulamius, Priscianus, and others, with Damascius, the last president of the Platonic school in Athens at their head, resolved to seek protection at the court of the famous Persian king Kosroes, who had succeeded to the throne in A. D. 531. But, disappointed in their hopes, they returned home, after Kosroes, in a treaty of peace concluded with Justinian, probably in A. D. 533, had stipulated that the above-mentioned philosophers should be allowed to return without risk, and to practise the rites of their paternal faith (Agathias 2.30 ; comp. C. G. Zumpt, Ueber den Bestand der philosophischen Schulen in Athen, in the Schriften der Berl. Akademie, 1843). Of the subsequent fortunes of the seven philosophers we learn nothing. As little do we know where Simplicius lived and taught. That he not only wrote, but taught, is proved by the address to his hearers in the co
; and in A. D. 532 he had the titles of Illustris, Magister and Juris peritus at Constantinople. Works This Theophilus is the author of the Greek translation or paraphrase of the Institutes of Justinian, a fact which is now universally admitted, though some of the older critics supposed that there were two Theophili, one the compiler of the Institutes, and the other the author of the Greek version. The Greek paraphrase was made perhaps shortly after the promulgation of the Institutes A. D. 533; and it was probably in A. D. 534 that, as professor of law at Constantinople, Theophilus read upon the Latin text of the Institutes, the commentary in Greek entitled "a Greek Paraphrase of the Institutes," and which was intended for the first year's course of legal studies. It may have been about the same time that Theophilus explained to his class the first part, or first four books (prw=ta), of the Digest, some fragments of which are preserved in the scholia on the Basilica : this exp
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