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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.), Book 3, section 214 (search)
l of God, after a perfect and true manner, to his people Israel: I say, these answers were not made by the shining of the precious stones, after an awkward manner, in the high priest's breastplate, as the modern Rabbins vainly suppose; for certainly the shining of the stones might precede or accompany the oracle, without itself delivering that oracle, see Antiq. B. VI. ch. 6. sect. 4; but rather by an audible voice from the mercy-seat between the cherubims. See Prideaux's Connect. at the year 534. This oracle had been silent, as Josephus here informs us, two hundred years before he wrote his Antiquities, or ever since the days of the last good high priest of the family of the Maccabees, John Hyrcanus. Now it is here very well worth our observation, that the oracle before us was that by which God appeared to he present with, and gave directions to, his people Israel as their King, all the while they submitted to him in that capacity; and did not set over them such independent kings as
Ge'limer (*Geli/mer), last king of the Vandals (A. D. 530-534), son of Gelaris, grandson of Genzo, and great-grandson of Genseric, who, bv the imprisonment and subsequent murder of Hilderic, the reigning sovereign, usurped the throne of Carthage, A. D. 530. (Procop. Bell. Vaud. 1.9.) Justinian, who had formed an alliance with Hilderic, in consequence of the protection afforded by him to the Catholics in Africa, commenced a war upon Gelimer, under the command of Belisarius, which, after the two battles of Carthage and Bulla, ended in the overthrow of the Vandal kingdom in Africa, A. D. 534 (Ibid. 1.10, 2.9); thus fulfilling a current prophecy, of which the first half had been accomplished in the defeat of Bonifacius by Genseric [GENSERIC] : " G. shall conquer B., and then B. shall conquer G." (Ibid. 1.21.) His brother, Zano, was killed at Bulla. (Ibid. 2.3.) He himself fled to Mount Pappua (2.4), was taken after a severe siege (2.7), carried to Constantinople, compelled to perform
ace, and almost annihilated a body of Antae, a Slavonic nation who had invaded that province. He was sent into Africa on occasion of the mutiny of the troops there under Tzotzas, after the recovery of that province from the Vandals by Belisarius, who had been called away into Sicily by the mutinous temper of the army in that island. Germanus was accompanied by Domnicus, or Domnichus, and Symmachus, men of skill, who were sent with him apparently as his advisers. On his arrival at Carthage (A. D. 534) he found that two thirds of the army were with the rebel Tzotzas (*Tzo/tzas, as Theophanes writes the name ; in Procopius it is Stotzas, *Sto/tzas), and that the remainder were in a very dissatisfied state. By his mildness, he assuaged the discontent of his troops; and on the approach of Tzotzas, marched out, drove him away, and overtaking him in his retreat, gave him so decisive a defeat at *Ka/llas *Ba/taras, i. e. Scalas Veteres, in Numidia, as to put an end to the revolt, and to compe
Joannes 3. An advocate in the courts of the praefecti praetoriorum at Constantinople, was one of the commission of sixteen, headed by Tribonian, who were employed by Justinian (A. D. 530-533) to compile the Digest. (Const. Tunta, § 9, Const. *De/dwken, § 9.) He is a different person from the Joannes who was at the head of the commission appointed to compile the first Constitutionum Codex. Works repetita praelectio codis It appears from Const. Cordi, § 2, that he was one of the commission of five, headed by Tribonian, who drew up the repetita praelectio codis, which was published in A. D. 534
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Justinianus Magnus or Justinian the Great (search)
care was taken to insert the constitutions of Justinian which had appeared since the first edition. It is probable that all the Fifty Decisions were incorporated, although we have not the means of precisely identifying them. On the 16th of Nov. A. D. 534, Justinian issued a constitution, giving legal force to the new edition of the Code, from the 29th of Dec. 534. To this new edition, in contradistinction to the former (which was now superseded and carefully suppressed), has been usually given gh it is more correctly called Constitutionum Codex, since the other collections of Justinian are also entitled to the name of Codes. The earliest constitution contained in the Code is one of Hadrian, the latest one of Justinian, dated Nov. 4., A. D. 534. The matter of constitutions older than Hadrian had been fully developed in the works of jurists. The Code is divided into 12 books, and the books into titles, with rubrics denoting their contents. Under each title, the constitutions are arrang
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Petrus PATRICIUS (search)
ovince of Macedonia, then included in the praetorian praefecture of Illyricum, on which account he is said to have been an Illyrian. (Procop.l.c.) Peter settled at Constantinople, where he acquired distinction as a rhetor or advocate, a profession for which his cultivated mind, agreeable address, and natural powers of persuasion, were admirably adapted. These qualifications pointed him out to the discernment of the emperor Justinian I. as suited for diplomatic life, and he was sent by him (A. D. 534) as ambassador to Amalasuntha. regent, and Theodatus, one of the chieftains of the Ostrogoths in Italy. On his way, at Aulon, near the entrance of the Adriatic, on the coast of Epeirus, or perhaps before his arrival there, Peter heard of the death of Athalaric, the young Ostrogothic king, of the marriage of Amalasuntha and Theodatus and their exaltation to the throne of Italy, and of their subsequent dissensionsand the imprisonment of Amalasuntha. heconsequently despatched intelligence of
les of Illustris, Magister and Juris peritus at Constantinople. Works This Theophilus is the author of the Greek translation or paraphrase of the Institutes of Justinian, a fact which is now universally admitted, though some of the older critics supposed that there were two Theophili, one the compiler of the Institutes, and the other the author of the Greek version. The Greek paraphrase was made perhaps shortly after the promulgation of the Institutes A. D. 533; and it was probably in A. D. 534 that, as professor of law at Constantinople, Theophilus read upon the Latin text of the Institutes, the commentary in Greek entitled "a Greek Paraphrase of the Institutes," and which was intended for the first year's course of legal studies. It may have been about the same time that Theophilus explained to his class the first part, or first four books (prw=ta), of the Digest, some fragments of which are preserved in the scholia on the Basilica : this explanation completed the first year'
s and Dorotheus, were commissioned to compile an Institutional work. Tribonian had at this time the title of " Vir magnificus, magister, et Exquaestor sacri palatii nostri" (Instit. Prooemium), and they took as their basis the Institutional work of Gaius, and produced the four books of the Institutions of Justinian, which were published in November A. D. 533. The revised or second edition of the Codex was also the work of Tribonianus and four other jurists, and it was published in December A. D. 534. (Constitutio, Cordi, &c.) Assessment It is hardly possible to form any estimate of the services of Tribonianus as distinct from those of the other commissioners. He had the superintendence of the Digest, and may have taken the chief part in planning the work; and to his activity it was owing, that the large collection of juristical writings was made, from which the compilers selected the materials for the Digest (Constitutio, Tanta, &c.). He had a well-stocked library of the old writer