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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MAUSOLEUM HADRIANI (search)
106); but the idea is baseless (Jord. ii. 426 sqq.); and the account of Petrus Mallius, which is often quoted as an independent authority, is probably copied from the Mirabilia itself. A detailed account is, however, given by Procopius (BG i. 22) who says that it was faced with blocks of Parian marble, and that there were statues of men and horses of the same material in the upper part, which rose above the city walls. The statues were, many of them, hurled down upon the besieging Goths in 537 A.D. John of Antioch (Malalas) cited in HJ 665, n. 113, writing in the eighth century, describes a colossal quadriga on the summit of the mausoleum; but Hulsen points out (Boll. Ass. Arch. Rom. iii. 27) that the chapel of S. Angelo de Castro S. Angeli, also called inter nubes-see HCh p. 196, 586-which commemorated the vision of Gregory the Great in 590, during a plague, of the archangel Michael sheathing his sword above the fortress, and was probably founded by Pope Boniface IV (608-615), must
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE ANTONINIANAE (CARACALLAE) (search)
). In the fifth century the baths are named among the marvels of Rome (Pol. Silv. 545; Olympiod. ap. Phot. p. 63a Bekk.: ai( de\ )*antwnianai\ ... ei)s xrwi/an tw=n louome/nwn kaqe/e/drass ei)=xon parakaime/nas xili/as e(cakosi/ase)c narna/rou kateskeuasme/nas cestou=. Cf. THERMAE DIOCLETIANI), and there is evidence of restoration under Theodoric in the sixth century (CIL xv. 1665. 3, 4; 1669. 7), but their use must have been rendered impossible when the aqueducts were cut by the Goths in 537 A.D. The ruins were less affected than those of many other buildings by the devastations of the Middle Ages, though evidence has been found here too of the harm wrought by the earthquake of 847 (a column in the xystus resting on a mass of debris; see BASILICA AEMILIA). The name occurs in Eins. (11. 2; 13. 25) and under various forms (palatium Antonianum, l'Antoniana, etc.) right through the Middle Ages. Discovery and destruction went hand in hand under Paul III (LS passim; DAP 2. xv. 369). The c
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
seum), 6: Porticus Nova, 429. 443Thermae Constantinianae restored, 525. 450Forum Esquilinum restored, 224. 455Vandal invasion, 235. 468-483Basilica of Junius Bassus becomes a Church, 81. 470Earthquake injures Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Rostra Vandalica, 235, 453. 493-526Reign of Theodoric: he repairs Forum, 235: the walls, 349: Atrium Libertatis, 56; restores and alters Palatine Hippodrome, 163-4. 508(?) Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after earthquake, 7. 507-511Theatre of Pompey restored, 517. 523Last venationes in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 7. 526-527Temple of Divus Romulus converted into a church, 450. 535Library of Pope Agapetus, 181. 535-536Theodohad preserves statues in Forum, 235. 537Aqua Traiana cut by Vitigis and restored by Belisarius, 28. 549Last games in Circus Maximus, 119. 571Narses removes statues from Capitoline Temple, 301. 608Column in Forum dedicated to Phocas, 133. 609Pantheon dedicated as a church.
vices--the avarice of his later life (Procop. Hist. Arcan. 5), and his uxoriousness--he has been well compared to Marlborough, except so far as the great Sarah was superior to the infamous Antonina. To her influence over him are to be ascribed the only great blots of his life--the execution of his officer, Constantine (Procop. ibid. 1), A. D. 535, the persecution of his step-son, Photius (Ibid. 1-3), A. D. 540, and the deposition of the pope Sylverius and the corrupt election of Vigilius, A. D. 537. (Goth. 1.25.) He had by Antonina an only daughter, Joannina. (Procop. Hist. Arcan. 1.5,Goth. 3.30.) Assessment The effects of his career are-- 1. The preservation of the Byzantine empire, and, with it, of the mass of ancient literature afterwards bequeathed by it to the West; both of which, but for his appearance, must, humanly speaking, have perished in the inroad of the barbarians. 2. The timely support given to the cause of the orthodox faith in the Western empire at the crisis
Isido'rus artists. 1. A sculptor, of uncertain time and country, known by his statue of Hercules at Parium, on the Propontis. (Plin. Nat. 34.8. s. 19.16.) This is according to the common text of Pliny, which is, however, almost certainly corrupt. See HEGESIAS, p. 368b. Some years ago the base of a statue, inscribed with the name of Isidorus, was dug up in the forum at Cumae. (Raoul-Rochette, Lettre à M. Schorn, p. 79.) 2, 3. Of Miletus, the elder and younger, were eminent architects in the reign of Justinian. The elder of them was associated with Anthemius of Tralles, in the rebuilding of the great church of St. Sophia, at Constantinople, before A. D. 537. The younger Isidorus rebuilt the dome of St. Sophia, after it had been destroyed by an earthquake, A. D. 554, and made some additions to the interior of the church. (Procop. 1.1; Agathias, 5.9; Malalas, p. 81; Müller, Archäol. d. Kunst, § 194, n. 4 ; Kugler, Kunstgeschichte, p. 360, &c.) [