omulus and Remus, and to have been miraculously transported
to the Comitium by the power of the augur Navius (Plin. NH xv. 77;
Tac. Ann. xiii. 58). It was surrounded by a bronze grating (Conon, Narr.
48: e)rineo\s i(era/, and thereby marked a spot that had been struck by
lightning (Plin. loc. cit.: sacra fulguribus ibi conditis). It was regarded as
a symbol of Rome's power, and any sign of withering as an unfavourable
omen which must be averted by the priests (Plin. loc. cit.; Fest. 169).
This happened in 58 A.D., according to Tacitus (loc. cit.), who calls the
tree ruminalis arbor (see below), and says that it had sheltered the twins
840 years before. The probable explanation of this tree on the Comitium
is, that it had grown in a spot which had been struck by lightning and
therefore was left unpaved and sacred; and, as this spot was close to the
statue of Navius, the legend had developed that the augur had brought
it over from the Lupercal (Jord. i. 2. 264, 356-7 ; RE vi. 2147-8).
cer (?), 100.
44-45Cippi of Aqua Virgo, 29.
46Restores Aqua Virgo, 29, 35.
47Aqua Claudia completed (?), 22.
49Pomerium extended to include Aventine, 66, 393.
51-52Arch of Claudius carrying Aqua Virgo over the Via Lata, 29, 35.
52Anio Novus completed, 11.
Aqua Claudia dedicated, 22.
Porta Praenestina (Maggiore), 412.
54-68Reign of Nero: before 64 A.D. Nero builds Domus Transitoria, 194 ff.;
removes Euripus in Circus Maximus, 116, 203;
Agrippina begins Temple of Claudius, 120.
58Ficus Navia withers, 208.
58-62Arch of Nero on Capitol, 41.
59Macellum Magnum, 323.
62Trophies of Nero, 542.
Gymnasium of Nero built and burnt in the same year, 249.
62 or 64Thermae Neronianae, 531.
63Temple of Fecunditas vowed (probably not built), 206.
64The great fire of Nero: destroys Circus Maximus, 117:
Ara Maxima Herculis, 253:
Temple of Luna, 320:
of Vesta, 558:
Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus, 11.
After the fire Nero builds Domus Aurea, 166 ff., 195:
Temple of F