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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Flavius Josephus, The Wars of the Jews (ed. William Whiston, A.M.) 1 1 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 1 1 Browse Search
the Rev. W. Turner , Jun. , MA., Lives of the eminent Unitarians 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 26, 1861., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 58 AD or search for 58 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Vologeses I. (search)
t Domitius Corbulo to take possession of Armenia, from which the Parthians had meantime withdrawn, and Quadratus Ummidius to command in Syria. Vologeses was persuaded by Corbulo and Ummidius to conclude peace with the Romans and give as hostages the noblest of the Arsacidae ; which he was induced to do, either that he might the more conveniently prepare for war, or that he might remove from the kingdom those who were likely to prove rivals. (Tac. Ann. 12.50, 13.5-9.) Three years afterwards (A. D. 58), the war at length broke out between the Parthians and the Romans; for Vologeses could not endure Tiridates to be deprived of the kingdom of Armenia, which he had himself given him, and would not let him receive it as a gift from the Romans. This war, however, terminated in favour of the Romans. Corbulo, the Roman general, took and destroyed Artaxata, and also obtained possession of Tigranocerta, which surrendered to him. Tiridates was driven out of Armenia; and Corbulo appointed in his pl
ssa, and sometimes identical with the " Reges Osrhoenenses," afterwards in Armenia Magna. B. C. 38. Arsham or Ardsham, the Artabazes of Josephus. (Ant. Jud. 20.2.)--B. C. 10. Manu, his son.--B. C. 5. Abgarus, the son of Arsham, the Ushama of the Syrians. This is the celebrated Abgarus who is said to have written a letter to our Saviour. (Moses Chor. 2.29.) A. D. 32. Anane or Ananus, the son of Abgarus. --A. D. 36. Sanadrug or Sanatruces, the son of a sister of Abgares, usurps the throne.--A. D. 58. Erowant, an Arsacid by the female line, usurps the throne; conquers all Armenia; cedes Edessa and Mesopotamia to the Romans.--A. D. 78. Ardashes or Artaxes III. (Exedares or Axidares), the son of Sanadrug, established by Vologeses I., king of the Parthians.--A. D. 120. Ardawazt or Artavasdes IV., son of Ardashes III., reigns only some months.-- A. D. 121. Diran or Tiranus I., his brother.--A. D. 142. Dikran or Tigranes VI., driven out by Lucius (Martius) Verus, who puts Soaemus on the thro
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ide of the sea. In 54, shortly after the accession of Nero, Corbulo was entrusted with the supreme command against the Parthians, whose king, Vologeses, had invaded Armenia and expelled its king, Rhadaamistus, who was under the protection of the Romans. But as Vologeses was engaged in quelling an insurrection of his own son, Vardanes, he withdrew his troops from Armenia, and gave the most distinguished members of the family of the Arsacidae as hostages to the Romans. But, a few years later, A. D. 58, the war broke out afresh, and Corbulo fought with great success against Tiridates, the brother of Vologeses, who now claimed the throne of Armenia. Corbulo took the towns of Artaxata and Tigranocerta, and secured the throne to Tigranes, to whom Nero had given the kingdom of Armenia. In 63, Vologeses and Tiridates renewed the war; and, as Corbulo had to protect Syria, Caesennius Paetus was sent into Armenia; but he conducted the war with so much inability and want of success, that Corbulo w
begun in this campaign, and were not finished until some years afterwards. The precise nature of those works cannot now be determined. They appear to have consisted not only of a canal (fossa), but of a dyke or mound (ayger, moles) across the Rhine. Suetonius seems to use even the word fossae in the sense of a mound, not a canal. " Trans Tiberim fossas novi et immensi operis effecit, quae nunc adhuc Drusinae vocantur." (Claud. i.) Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 13.53) says, that Paullinus Pompeius, in A. D. 58, completed the agger coercendo Rheno which had been begun by Drusus sixty-three years before; and afterwards relates that Civilis, by destroying the moles formed by Drusus, allowed the waters of the Rhine to rush down and inundate the side of Gaul. (Hist. 5.19.) The most probable opinion seems to be, that Drusus dug a canal from the Rhine near Arnheim to the Yssel, near Doesberg (which bears a trace of his name), and that he also widened the bed of the narrow outlet which at that time conn
Messalla 13. M. Valerius Messalla, great-grandson of M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus (No. 8), was Nero's colleague in the consulship A. D. 58. His immediate predecessors had squandered the wealth of his ancestors; and Messalla, who had been content with honourable poverty, received from the treasury an allowance to enable him to meet the expences of the consulship. (Tac. Ann. 13.34 ; comp. Suet. Nero 10.)
nce of reconciliation was brought about by the bold demeanour of Agrippina against some of her accusers, whom Nero punished. (Tac. Ann. 13.19-22.) In A. D. 57 Nero was consul for the second time with L. Calpurnius Piso as his colleague, and in A. D. 58, for the third time with Valerius Messalla. Nero, who had always shown an aversion to his wife Octavia, was now captivated with the beauty of Poppaea Sabina, the wife of his companion Otho, a woman notorious for her dissolute conduct. Otho was ch had been seized by the Parthians, occupied the Romans from the beginning of Nero's reign, and Domitius Corbulo was sent there to conduct the war. This vigorous commander re-established discipline among the troops. The chief struggle commenced A. D. 58, with Tiridates, who had been made king of Armenia by the Parthian king Vologeses, who was his brother. Corbulo was ambitious to make the Roman arms again triumphant in the countries in which L. Lucullus and Cn. Pompeius had once acquired milita
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Pauli'nus, Pompeius commanded in Germany along with L. Antistius Vetus in A. D. 58, and completed the dam to restrain the inundations of the Rhine, which Drusus had commenced sixtythree years before. In A. D. 62 he was appointed, along with L. Piso and Ducennius Geminus, to the superintendence of the public revenues. On this occasion Tacitus calls him consularis; but his name does not occur in the consular fasti (Tac. Ann. 13.53, 15.18; Senec. de Brev. Vitae, 18.) Seneca dedicated to him his treatise De Brevitale Vitae; and the Pompeia Paulina, whom the philosopher married, was probably the daughter of this Paulinus. It is uncertain, however, whether the subject of this notice is the same as the Pompeins Paulinus, the son of a Roman eques of Arelate of whom Pliny speaks (H. N. 33.11. s. 50).
Po'ntia 2. Pontia Postumia, was slain by her lover, Octavius Sagitta, tribune of the plebs, A. D. 58, because she refused to marry him after promising to do so. Sagitta was accused by the father of Pontia, and condemned under the lex Cornelia de Sicariis to the severest form of banishment (deportatio in insulam). In the civil wars following the death of Nero, Sagitta returned from banishment, but was again condemned by the senate, in A. D. 70, to his former punishment. (Tac. Ann. 13.44, Hist. 4.44.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
sentenced by that emperor to be banished to an island. He was subsequently allowed to return to Rome, and gained great influence with the emperor Claudius, by whom he was promoted to the consulship in A. D. 46. But he prostituted his power and talents to base and unworthy purposes. He possessed considerable powers of oratory, but these were employed in bringing accusations against his wealthy contemporaries; and his services were only to be obtained by large sums of money. In the reign of Nero, A. D. 58, he was accused of various crimes, was condemned, and was banished to the Balearic islands (Tac. Ann. 4.31, 11.1, 4, 5, 13.42, 43). Suillius married the daughter of Ovid's third wife; and one of the poet's letters from Pontus is addressed to Suillius, in which he begs the latter to reconcile Germanicus to him (ex Pont. 4.8). Suillius was also the half-brother of Domitius Corbulo, the celebrated general in the reign of Nero; the name of their mother was Vestilia. (Plin. Nat. 7.4. s. 5.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
r, that he soon became anxious to see the lovely wife of his friend. Poppaea, who was a perfect coquette, first employed all her blandishments to win the prince, and when she saw that she had secured her prize she affected modesty, and pleaded that respect for her husband would not allow her to yield to the emperor's wishes. Such conduct had the desired effect. Nero became more ardent in his passion, and to remove Otho out of the way sent him to govern the province of Lusitania. This was in A. D. 58. (Tac. Ann. 13.45, 46.) Other writers give rather a different account of Poppaea's first acquaintance with Nero. They relate that Otho married Poppaea at the request of Nero, who was anxious to conceal the intrigue from his mother, and that the two friends enjoyed her together, till the emperor became jealous of Otho and sent him into Lusitania. This was the account which Tacitus appears to have received when he was composing his Histories (Hist. 1.13); but as he relates the circumstances a
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