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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COLUMNA PHOCAE (search)
COLUMNA PHOCAE a monument in front of the rostra in the forum which, according to the inscription (CIL vi. 1200) Cf. ib. 31259 a; viii. 10529, 12479, for a modem forgery of part of the inscription. on the marble base of the column, was erected in 608 A.D. by Smaragdus, exarch of Italy, in honour of Phocas, emperor of the East. The monument consists of a fluted Corinthian column of white marble, 1.39 metres in diameter and 13.60 high, on which was placed the statue of Phocas in gilt bronze. This column stood on a marble base, which in turn rests on a square brick pedestal which was entirely surrounded by flights of nine steps made of tufa blocks taken from other structures. The steps on the north and east sides were removed in 1903. The whole monument cannot have been erected by Smaragdus, for the brick pedestal belongs probably to the fourth century, while the column, from its style and execution, must be earlier still. The pedestal was probably built at the same time as those i
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM (ROMANUM S. MAGNUM) (search)
lt round a core of opus quadratum, we must suppose either that the nucleus was formed of this material, or that this belongs to similar bases for statues of an earlier period (Jord. i. 2. 179-184; ZA 85). The columns along the Sacra via are represented in the relief referred to on p. 452. Though the brickwork of the base of the column of Phocas is similar to that of the other bases, it is perhaps unlikely that it was erected as early as the time of Diocletian (though certainly long before 608 A.D.), as it would have obstructed the front of the rostra (Mitt. 1902, 59-60; 1905, 68). On the other hand, an equestrian statue of Constantine (EQUUS CONSTANTINI) was erected in the centre of the area, just to the south-east of the spot where that of Domitian had stood. But the transfer of the imperial residence to Byzantium led to an inevitable decline ; and the forum became the scene of struggles between Paganism and Christianity. Monuments of the beginning of the fifth century may be foun
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
seum), 6: Porticus Nova, 429. 443Thermae Constantinianae restored, 525. 450Forum Esquilinum restored, 224. 455Vandal invasion, 235. 468-483Basilica of Junius Bassus becomes a Church, 81. 470Earthquake injures Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6. Rostra Vandalica, 235, 453. 493-526Reign of Theodoric: he repairs Forum, 235: the walls, 349: Atrium Libertatis, 56; restores and alters Palatine Hippodrome, 163-4. 508(?) Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after earthquake, 7. 507-511Theatre of Pompey restored, 517. 523Last venationes in Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 7. 526-527Temple of Divus Romulus converted into a church, 450. 535Library of Pope Agapetus, 181. 535-536Theodohad preserves statues in Forum, 235. 537Aqua Traiana cut by Vitigis and restored by Belisarius, 28. 549Last games in Circus Maximus, 119. 571Narses removes statues from Capitoline Temple, 301. 608Column in Forum dedicated to Phocas, 133. 609Pantheon dedicated as a church.
Jo'vius a bold and faithless intriguer, was Praefectus Praetorio of Illyricum, under the emperor Honorius, and was promoted to that office by Stilicho, who made use of him in his negotiations with Alaric. In A. D. 608, Jovius was appointed Patricius and Praefectus Praetorio of Italy, in consequence of the fall of the eunuch Olympius, who held the office of prime minister of Honorius. Through his intrigues, Jovius soon became sole master of the administration of the empire, and made great changes among its principal officers. When Rome was besieged by Alaric in A. D. 409, Honorius charged Jovius with arranging a peace. He accordingly went to Rimini for that purpose, and there had an interview with Alaric, with whom he was on friendly terms. Jovius proposed to Heraclius to settle the differences by appointing Alaric commander-in-chief of the Roman armies, and informed Alaric of this step, with which the Gothic king was of course quite satisfied. Honorius, however, declined conferring t