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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 610 AD or search for 610 AD in all documents.

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or Phocas, conjointly with Theodorus Hermopolites and Isidorus, to translate Justinian's Code into Greek. This statement, for which we have been able to find no authority, seems to be intrinsically improbable. The Constitutio, Omnem (one of the prefaces of the Digest), bears date A. D. 533, and is addressed, among others, to Theodorus, Isidorus, and Anatolius. Now, it is very unlikely that three jurists of similar name should be employed conjointly by the emperor Phocas, who reigned A. D. 602-610. There was probably some confusion in the mind of Terrasson between the emperor Phocas and a jurist of the same name, who was contemporary with Justinian, and commented upon the Code. Anatolius held several offices of importance. He was advocatus fisci, and was one of the majores judices nominated by Justinian in Nov. 82. 100.1. Finally, he filled the office of consul, and was appointed curator divinae domus et rei private. In the exercise of his official functions he became unpopular, by a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
most important is a Greek collection of Ecclesiastical Constitutions, in three books, compiled chiefly from the Digest, Code, and Novells of Justinian. Editions It is inserted, with the Latin translation of Leunclavius, in Justelli et Voelli Bibl. Jur. Can. vol. ii. F. A. Biener, however, in his history of the Authenticae (Diss. i. p. 16), proved that this collection was older than Balsamo; and in his history of the Novells (p. 179), he referred it to the time of the emperor Heraclius. (A. D. 610-641.) Heimbach (Anecdota, vol. i. pp. xliv.--xlvii) maintains, in opposition to Biener, that the collection was made soon after the time of Justin II. (565-8), and that four Novells of Heraclius, appended to the work, are the addition of a later compiler. Arrangement of Justinian's Novells There is extant an arrangement of Justinian's Novells according to their contents, which was composed, as Biener has shewn, by Athanasius Scholasticus, though a small portion of it had been previously
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ity to Valentine, who is probably identical with one Valentinian, who rebelled in A. D. 644, but was killed in a skirmish in the streets of Constantinople. The reign of Constans II. is remarkable for the great losses which the empire sustained by the attacks of the Arabs and Longobards or Lombards. Egypt, and at last its capital, Alexandria, had been conquered by 'Amru, the general of the khalif 'Omar, towards the close of the reign of the emperor Heraclius, the grandfather of Constans. (A. D. 610 --641.) Anxious to regain possession of Alexandria, Constans fitted out an expedition against Egypt, and we are informed by the Chinese annalists, that he sent ambassadors to the emperor of China, Taisum, to excite him to a war against the Arabs, by whom the Chinese possessions in Turkistan were then infested. (Comp. De Guignes, Histoire générale des Huns, i. pp. 55, 56.) This emperor reigned from A. D. 627 till 650, and as the Christian religion was preached in China during his reign by S
Eudo'cia 3. Eudocia Fabia, wife of the emperor Heraclius. She was the daughter of a certain African noble, and was at Constantinople (A. D. 610) when Heraclius, to whom she was betrothed, having assumed the purple in Africa, sailed to Constantinople to dethrone the tyrant Phocas. Phocas shut her up in a monastery with the mother of Heraclius; but his fall led to their release. She was married on the day of Heraclius's coronation, and crowned with him, and, according to Zonaras, received from him the name of Fabia; but Cedrenus makes Fabia her original name, which is more likely. She had by Heraclius, according to Zonaras, three children, a daughter Epiphania, and two sons, the elder named Heraclius and the younger Constantine. She died soon after the birth of the youngest child. Cedrenus assigns to them only a daughter and one son, who was, according to him, called both Heraclius and Constantine. He places the death of Eudocia in the second year of Heraclius, A. D. 612. (Zonaras, Ann
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Geo'rgius PISIDA (search)
*Pissi/don, *Pisi/dou, *Pisidi/ou, *Phsi/dou, *Phsi/dh, *Pissi/dous, *Pisi/dons: in Latin it is written Pisides and Pisida He was, as his name indicates, a Pisidian by birth, and flourished in the time of the emperor Heraclius (who reigned from A. D. 610 to 641), and of the patriarch Sergius (who occupied the see of Constantinople from A. D. 610 to 639). In the MSS. of his works he is described as a deacon, and *Xarotofu/lac, Chartophylax, " record keeper," or *Skeuofu/lac, Sceuophylax, " keepeA. D. 610 to 639). In the MSS. of his works he is described as a deacon, and *Xarotofu/lac, Chartophylax, " record keeper," or *Skeuofu/lac, Sceuophylax, " keeper of the sacred vessels," of the Great Church (that of St. Sophia) at Constantinople. By Nicephorus Callisti he is termed " Refendarius" (*(refenda/rios a designation not equivalent, as some have supposed, to Chartophylax, but describing a different office. We have no means of determining if he held all these offices together or in succession, or if any of the titles are incorrectly given, He appears to have accompanied the emperor Heraclius in his first expedition Against the Persians, and to
Hera'clius (*(Hra/kleios), a Roman emperor of the East, reigned from A. D. 610 to 641. The character of this extraordinary man is a problem ; his reign, signalised by both splendid victories and awful defeats, is the last epoch of ancient Roman grandeur: he crushed Persia, the hereditary enemy of Rome, and he vainly opposed his swnotice, was born in Cappadocia, about A. D. 575. We know little of his earlier life, but we must suppose that he showed himself worthy of his ancestors, since in A. D. 610, his father destined hint to put an end to the insupportable tyranny of the emperor Phocas. This prince, the assassin of the emperor Mauritius, whose throne he heutenant, Gregorius or Gregoras, with an army, with which they were to proceed through Egylpt, Syria, and Asia Minor. They started from Carthage in the autumn of A. D. 610. There is a strange story that the one who should first arrive at Constantinople should be emperor. But a fleet requires only twelve days or a fortnight to sail
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Joannes ANTIOCHENUS (search)
ANTIOCHENUS (6). The Excerpta ex Collectaneis Constantini Augusti Porphyrogeniti, peri\ a)reth=s kai\ kaki/as, De Virtute et Vitio, edited by Valesius, 4to. Paris, 1634, and frequently cited as the Excerpta Peiresciana, contain extracts from the *(Istori/a *Xronikh\ )apo\ *)Ada/m, Historia Chronographica ab Adamo, of a writer called Joannes of Antioch, of whom nothing is known beyond what may be gathered from the work. The last extract relates to the emperor Phocas, whose character is described in the past tense, o( au)to\s *Fwka=s u(ph=rxen ai(mopo/ths, " This same Phocas was bloodthirsty :" from which it appears that the work was written after the death of Phocas, A. D. 610, and before the time of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, in the tenth century. Cave places Joannes of Antioch in A. D. 620. He is not to be confounded with Joannes Malalas, from whom he is in the Excerpta expressly distinguished. (Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. iii. p. 44, vol. viii. p. 7; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 577.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
aximus was educated with great strictness; and his careful education, diligence, and natural abilities enabled him to attain the highest excellence in grammar, rhetoric, and philosophy. He gave his especial attention to the last, cherishing the love of truth and seeking its attainment, and rejecting all sophistical reasonings. His own inclination would have led him to a life of privacy and study, but his merit had attracted regard; and Heraclius, who had obtained the Byzantine sceptre in A. D. 610, made him his chief secretary, and treated him with the greatest regard and confidence. How long Maximus held his important office is not clear; but long before the death of Heraclius (who died A. D. 641), probably about the middle of that emperor's reign, he resigned his post; and leaving the palace, embraced a monastic life at Chrysopolis, on the Asiatic side of the Bosporus, opposite Constantinople. Here he was distinguished by the severity of his ascetic practices, and was soon appoint
Ste'phanus 3. A native of Alexandria, author of a short Greek treatise on Alchemy, who must have lived in the early part of the seventh century after Christ, as part of his work (p. 243) is addressed to the Emperor Heraclius (A. D. 610-641). Works Treatise on Alchemy The Treatise on Alchemy consists of nine pra/ceis or Lectures (see Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 694, note, ed. vet.), the first of which is entitled *Stefa/nou *)Alexandre/ws oi)koumenikou= filoso/fou kai\ didaska/lou th=s mega/lhs kai\ i(era=s te/xnhs peri\ *Xrusopoii+|as pra=cis su\n *Qew=| prw/th, where it is not quite clear whether *Peri\ *Xrusopoii+/as, De Chrysopoeia, is meant to be the title of the whole work, or merely of the first section of it. Reinesius (apud Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 757) speaks highly of the work, but notices that the author falls into (p. 231 ) the common error of the Eastern and Greek churches of that age respecting the procession of the Holy Ghost. The writer was evidently a
r *Simoka/tos, for all these forms of the name are found), was an Egyptian by descent, but a Locrian by birth; and flourished at Constantinople, where he held some public offices (a)po\ e)parxwn kai\ a)ntigrafeu/s, Phot.) under Heraclius, about A. D. 610-629, though it is evident that he was writing before this period, probably in retirement. Works History of the Reign of the Emperor Maurice Theophylactus' chief work was a history of the reign of the emperor Maurice, in eight books, from tlly acquainted with Maurice. Thus, he contrasts the depressed state of literature under Phocas with the favour it enjoyed under Heraclius, in a Dialogue between Philosophy and History, which is prefixed to his work. After the death of Phocas in A. D. 610, he read in public from an elevated position the passage of his history describing the death of Maurice, and the people were moved to tears by the recital. This statement, which we have on the authority of Theophylact himself (8.12) proves that