t of women, especially of prostitutes, a
characteristic also of the later temple (Iuv. ix. 22; Mart. ii. 14. 7; x.
48. I). On the other hand, repressive measures against Egyptian cults
were carried out by Augustus in 28 B.C. (Cass. Dio liii. 2. 4), by Agrippa
in 21 (ib. liv. 6. 6), and by Tiberius in 9 A.D. (Tac. Ann. ii. 85; Suet. Tib.
36), who is even said to have destroyed a temple of Isis and thrown her
statue into the Tiber (Joseph. Ant. xviii. 3. 4). Between the reign of
Tiberius and 65 A.D. (Lucan viii. 831) the cult of Isis had been officially
received in Rome, and this temple in the campus Martius, if not built
in the previous century, must have been built then, perhaps by Caligula.
It was burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24. 2), restored by Domitian
(Eutrop. vii. 23. 5; Chron. 146; Hier. a. Abr. 2110), and by Alexander
Severus An inscription which was seen (it was impossible to copy it) on a large architrave
belonging to an entrance to the Serapeum appeared to be a dedica