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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 46 46 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK II. AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD AND THE ELEMENTS., CHAP. 85. (83.)—PRODIGIES OF THE EARTH WHICH HAVE OCCURRED ONCE ONLY. (search)
rowd of Roman knights, and families of people, and travellers on the Æmilian way, being spectators of it. All the farm-houses were thrown down by the shock, and a great number of animals that were in them were killed; it was in the year before the Social war; and I am in doubt whether this event or the civil commotions were more fatal to the territory of Italy. The prodigy which happened in our own age was no less wonderful; in the last year of the emperor NeroIn the year of the city 821; A.D. 68., as I have related in my history of his timesThe continuation of Aufidius Bassus' history; our author refers to it in the first book., when certain fields and olive grounds in the district of Marrucinum, belonging to Vectius Marcellus, a Roman knight, the steward of Nero, changed places with each otherWe have no authentic accounts of this mutual change of place between two portions of land, nor can we conceive of any cause capable of effecting it. Our author mentions this circumstance agai
can neither be classed among the cereals nor yet among the garden plants. What department is there to be found of active life in which flax is not employed? and in what production of the earth are there greater marvelsWhat would he have said to the application of the powers of steam, and the electric telegraph? revealed to us than in this? To think that here is a plant which brings Egypt in close proximity to Italy!—so much so, in fact, that GaleriusPossibly Galerius Trachalus, Consul A.D. 68, a relation of Galeria Fundana, the wife of the Emperor Vitellius. and Balbillus,Governor of Egypt in the reign of Nero, A.D. 55. He is mentioned by Seneca, Quæst. Nat. B. iv. c. 2, and is supposed to have written a work on Egypt and his journeys in that Country. both of them prefects of Egypt, made the passage to Alexandria from the Straits of Sicily, the one in six days, the other in five! It was only this very last summer, that Valerius Marianus, a senator of prætorian rank, reached Alexand
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUREA, DOMUS (search)
(see PORTICUS MILIARENSIS and PORTICUS TRIUMPIII). The construction of the vestibule forced the SACRA VIA (q.v.) to cross the Velia somewhat further south than it had done hitherto (though the pavement of the Augustan Sacra via has been found under the steps of the temple of Venus and Rome, we have no knowledge of the buildings which occupied the site of the vestibule), and this road must have been closed for ordinary traffic after 64 A.D. We may notice that the route of Nero's triumph in 68 A.D. did not include it ; and the arch of Titus was erected at the only possible point on the Velia. That the vestibule lay in ruins until the construction of the temple of Venus and Rome by Hadrian (HJ 17) seems unlikely, for we know that the Colossus stood in its original position until he moved it. Beyond the vestibule a view opened out over the great park described above, and down on the lake, on the site of which the Colosseum was built, which formed the centre of the whole: and in the park
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
219: Colossus of Nero, 130: Porticus on the Sacred Way, 166, 423: Sacra Via, 458; Porticus Miliaria, 424; destroys or transforms Temple of Claudius, 120; rebuilds Circus Maximus, 117; builds a wooden amphitheatre, 1; rebuilds House of the Vestals, 59; Campus Neronis, 94; extends Pomerium, 393; aqueduct to Caelian, 40; Pons Neronianus, 401; pavement of Clivus Palatinus, 124; Balineum Tigellini, 71: branch of Aqua Marcia to Aventine, 23, 26, 44, 405. 68Galba Emperor: restores Horrea Galbae, 261; lays out Horti, 267. 69Otho Emperor: continues Domus Aurea, 171. 69Vitellius Emperor: Capitoline Temple burnt, 300. (ca.). M. Vettius Bolanus restores a shrine of the Bona Dea, 85, and Balineum Bolani, 68. 69-79Reign of Vespasian: restores Capitoline Temple, 300; rebuilds Temple of Claudius, 120; restores Temple of Honos and Virtus, 259: of Juppiter Conservator, 292; begins destruction of Domus Aurea, 171; changes
Andro'machus (*)Andro/maxos). 1. Commonly called " the Elder," to distinguish him from his son of the same name, was born in Crete, and was physician to Nero, A. D. 54-68. He is principally celebrated for having been the first person on whom the title of " Archiater" is known to have been conferred (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Archiater). Works Medicinal Formula in a Greek Elegiac poem He is known for having been the inventor of a very famous compound medicine and antidote, which was called after his name " Theriaca Andromachi," which long enjoyed a great reputation, and which retains its place in some foreign Pharmacopoeias to the present day. (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Theriaca.) Andromachus has left us the directions for making this strange mixture in a Greek elegiac poem, consisting of one hundred and seventy-four lines, and dedicated to Nero. Galen has inserted it entire in two of his works (De Antid. 1.6, and De Ther. ad Pis. 100.6. vol. xiv. pp. 32-42), and says, that Andromachus chos
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Andro'machus the Younger or the Younger Andro'machus (search)
Andro'machus the Younger or the Younger Andro'machus 2. The Younger, so called to distinguish him from his father of the same name, was the son of the preceding, and is supposed to have been also physician to Nero, A. D. 54-68. Nothing is known of the events of his life. Works On Pharmacy he is generally supposed to have been the author of a work on pharmacy in three books (Galen, De Compos. Medicam. sec. Gen. 2.1. vol. xiii. p. 463), which is quoted very frequently and with approbation by Galen, but of which only a few fragments remain. [W.A.G]
Caeci'na 8. CAECINA TUSCUS, the son of Nero's nurse, had been appointed in A. D. 56, according to Fabius Rusticus, praefect of the Praetorian troops in the place of Afranius Burrus, but did not enter upon the office, as Burrus was retained in the command through the influence of Seneca. Caecina was subsequently appointed governor of Egypt by Nero, but was afterwards banished for making use of the baths which had been erected in anticipation of the emperor's arrival in Egypt. He probably returned from banishment on the death of Nero, A. D. 68, as we find him in Rome in the following year. (Tac. Ann. 13.20; Suet. Nero 35; D. C. 63.18; Tac. Hist. 3.38.)
Caeci'na 9. A. CAECINA ALINUS (called in the Fasti A. Licinius Caecina), was quaestor in Baetica in Spain at the time of Nero's death, A. D. 68, and was one of the foremost in joining the party of Galba. He was rewarded by Galba with the command of a legion in Upper Germany; but, being shortly afterwards detected in embezzling some of the public money, the emperor ordered him to be prosecuted. Caecina, in revenge, induced his troops to revolt to Vitellius. Caecina was a great favourite with the soldiers. His personal presence was commanding; he was tall in stature, comely in person, and upright in gait; he possessed considerable ability in speaking; and, as he was ambitious, he used every means to win the favour of his troops. After persuading them to espouse the side of Vitellius, he set out at the beginning of the year (A. D. 69), on his march towards Italy at the head of an army of 30,000 men, the main strength of which consisted in one legion, the twenty-first. In his march throug
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ca'pito, Fonteius 6. L. Fonteius Capito, consul in A. D. 67 together with C. Julius Rufus, as we learn from the Fasti Siculi and the Chronicon of Cassiodorus; but whether he is the same as the Fonteius Capito who was put to death in Germany in the reign of Galba, A. D. 68, on the ground of having attempted to excite an insurrection, is uncertain. (Tac. Hist. 1.7, 37, 52, 3.62, 4.13; Suet. Galb. 11; Plut. Galb. 15, where *Fmonth/i+os should be changed into *Fonth/i+os.) It is uncertain to which of the Capitos the two following coins belong: the praenomen Publius would lead us to refer them to No. 2. The former contains on the obverse a head of Mars with a trophy behind it and the inscription P. FONTEIVS CAPITO, P. F. III. VIR., and on the reverse a man riding on horseback at full gallop, with two men below fighting, and the inscription MAN. FONT. TR. MIL. The latter coin contains on the obverse the head of Concordia with the inscription P. FONTEIVS CAPITO III. VIR. CONCORDIA, and on
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
7) to be written by a member of the Ebionitish sect. Life The true particulars of Clement's life are quite unknown. Tillemont (Mémoires, ii. p. 147) supposes that he was a Jew; but the second epistle is plainly written by a Gentile. Hence some connect him with Flavius Clemens who was martyred under Domitian. It is supposed, that Trajan banished Clement to the Chersonese, where he suffered martyrdom. Various dates are given for the first Epistle. Grabe (Spic. Patr. i. p. 254) has fixed on A. D. 68, immediately after the martyrdom of St. Peter and St. Paul; while others prefer A. D. 95, during Domitian's persecution. Editions The Epistles were first published at Oxford by Patric Young, the king's librarian, from the Codex Alexandrinus, to the end of which they are appended (the second only as a fragment), and which had been sent by Cyrillus Lucaris, patriarch of Constantinople, to Charles I. They were republished by F. Rous, provost of Eton, in 1650; by Fell, bishop of Oxford, in 1
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