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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 46 46 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 68 AD or search for 68 AD in all documents.

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Andro'machus (*)Andro/maxos). 1. Commonly called " the Elder," to distinguish him from his son of the same name, was born in Crete, and was physician to Nero, A. D. 54-68. He is principally celebrated for having been the first person on whom the title of " Archiater" is known to have been conferred (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Archiater). Works Medicinal Formula in a Greek Elegiac poem He is known for having been the inventor of a very famous compound medicine and antidote, which was called after his name " Theriaca Andromachi," which long enjoyed a great reputation, and which retains its place in some foreign Pharmacopoeias to the present day. (Dict. of Ant. s. v. Theriaca.) Andromachus has left us the directions for making this strange mixture in a Greek elegiac poem, consisting of one hundred and seventy-four lines, and dedicated to Nero. Galen has inserted it entire in two of his works (De Antid. 1.6, and De Ther. ad Pis. 100.6. vol. xiv. pp. 32-42), and says, that Andromachus chos
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Andro'machus the Younger or the Younger Andro'machus (search)
Andro'machus the Younger or the Younger Andro'machus 2. The Younger, so called to distinguish him from his father of the same name, was the son of the preceding, and is supposed to have been also physician to Nero, A. D. 54-68. Nothing is known of the events of his life. Works On Pharmacy he is generally supposed to have been the author of a work on pharmacy in three books (Galen, De Compos. Medicam. sec. Gen. 2.1. vol. xiii. p. 463), which is quoted very frequently and with approbation by Galen, but of which only a few fragments remain. [W.A.G]
Caeci'na 8. CAECINA TUSCUS, the son of Nero's nurse, had been appointed in A. D. 56, according to Fabius Rusticus, praefect of the Praetorian troops in the place of Afranius Burrus, but did not enter upon the office, as Burrus was retained in the command through the influence of Seneca. Caecina was subsequently appointed governor of Egypt by Nero, but was afterwards banished for making use of the baths which had been erected in anticipation of the emperor's arrival in Egypt. He probably returned from banishment on the death of Nero, A. D. 68, as we find him in Rome in the following year. (Tac. Ann. 13.20; Suet. Nero 35; D. C. 63.18; Tac. Hist. 3.38.)
Caeci'na 9. A. CAECINA ALINUS (called in the Fasti A. Licinius Caecina), was quaestor in Baetica in Spain at the time of Nero's death, A. D. 68, and was one of the foremost in joining the party of Galba. He was rewarded by Galba with the command of a legion in Upper Germany; but, being shortly afterwards detected in embezzling some of the public money, the emperor ordered him to be prosecuted. Caecina, in revenge, induced his troops to revolt to Vitellius. Caecina was a great favourite with the soldiers. His personal presence was commanding; he was tall in stature, comely in person, and upright in gait; he possessed considerable ability in speaking; and, as he was ambitious, he used every means to win the favour of his troops. After persuading them to espouse the side of Vitellius, he set out at the beginning of the year (A. D. 69), on his march towards Italy at the head of an army of 30,000 men, the main strength of which consisted in one legion, the twenty-first. In his march throug
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ca'pito, Fonteius 6. L. Fonteius Capito, consul in A. D. 67 together with C. Julius Rufus, as we learn from the Fasti Siculi and the Chronicon of Cassiodorus; but whether he is the same as the Fonteius Capito who was put to death in Germany in the reign of Galba, A. D. 68, on the ground of having attempted to excite an insurrection, is uncertain. (Tac. Hist. 1.7, 37, 52, 3.62, 4.13; Suet. Galb. 11; Plut. Galb. 15, where *Fmonth/i+os should be changed into *Fonth/i+os.) It is uncertain to which of the Capitos the two following coins belong: the praenomen Publius would lead us to refer them to No. 2. The former contains on the obverse a head of Mars with a trophy behind it and the inscription P. FONTEIVS CAPITO, P. F. III. VIR., and on the reverse a man riding on horseback at full gallop, with two men below fighting, and the inscription MAN. FONT. TR. MIL. The latter coin contains on the obverse the head of Concordia with the inscription P. FONTEIVS CAPITO III. VIR. CONCORDIA, and on
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
7) to be written by a member of the Ebionitish sect. Life The true particulars of Clement's life are quite unknown. Tillemont (Mémoires, ii. p. 147) supposes that he was a Jew; but the second epistle is plainly written by a Gentile. Hence some connect him with Flavius Clemens who was martyred under Domitian. It is supposed, that Trajan banished Clement to the Chersonese, where he suffered martyrdom. Various dates are given for the first Epistle. Grabe (Spic. Patr. i. p. 254) has fixed on A. D. 68, immediately after the martyrdom of St. Peter and St. Paul; while others prefer A. D. 95, during Domitian's persecution. Editions The Epistles were first published at Oxford by Patric Young, the king's librarian, from the Codex Alexandrinus, to the end of which they are appended (the second only as a fragment), and which had been sent by Cyrillus Lucaris, patriarch of Constantinople, to Charles I. They were republished by F. Rous, provost of Eton, in 1650; by Fell, bishop of Oxford, in 1
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
bably in the capacity of a slave, into the house of the Annaei, which was distinguished for its love of literary pursuits. The Annaei emancipated him (whence his name Annaeus), and he became the teacher and friend of the poet Persius, on whose intellectual culture and development he exercised a very great influence. He was sent into exile by Nero, for having too freely criticised the literary attempts of the emperor. (D. C. 62.29.) This happened, according to Hieronymus in his Chronicle, in A. D. 68. The account of Dio Cassius furnishes a characteristic feature of the defiance peculiar to the Stoics of that time, to whom Cornutus also belonged, as we see from the fifth satire of Persius. That he was a man of very extensive knowledge is attested by the authority of Dio Cassius, as well as by the works he wrote. Works On Aristotle's Categories One of the most important of the philosophical productions of Cornutus was his work on Aristotle's Categories, which is referred to by the la
Crinas a physician of Marseilles who practised at Rome in the reign of Nero, A. D. 54-68, and introduced astrology into his medical practice. He acquired a large fortune, and is said by Pliny (Plin. Nat. 29.5) to have left at his death to his native city the immense sum of ten million sesterces (centies H. S.) or about 78,125l., after having spent nearly the same sum during his life in building the walls of the city. [W.A.G]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crispinilla, Ca'lvia a Roman lady of rank, of the time of the emperor Nero. She partook largely in the general corruption among females of that period. She lived with Nero and his eunuch Porus, and was entrusted with the superintendence of the latter's wardrobe. She is said to have been given to stealing and to have secreted all on which she could lay her hand. Her intercourse with Nero was of such a kind, that Tacitus calls her the instructor of Nero in voluptuousness. In A. D. 68, shortly after the death of Nero, she went to Africa to urge Claudius Macer to take up arms to avenge the death of the emperor. She thus intended to cause a famine at Rome, by preventing grain being imported from Africa. Clodius Macer was put to death by the command of Galba, and the general indignation of the people demanded that Crispinilla also should pay for her guilt with her life, but she escaped the danger by various intrigues and a cunning use of circumstances. Afterwards she rose very high in publi
lled, Herodianus (*)Hrwdiano/s), the author of a Greek work still extant, entitled *Tw=n par' *(Ippokra/tei *le/cewn *Sunagwgh/, Vocum, quae apud Hippocratem sunt, Collectio. It is uncertain whether he was himself a physician, or merely a grammarian, but he appears to have written (or at least to have intended to write) some other works on Hippocrates besides that which we now possess (pp. 23, 208, ed. Franz). He must have lived (and probably at Rome) in the reign of the emperor Nero, A. D. 54-68, as his work is dedicated to his archiater, Andromachus. Works *Tw=n par' *(Ippokra/tei *le/cewn *Sunagwgh/, Vocum, quae apud Hippocratem sunt, Collectio. Herodian's work is curious as containing the earliest list of the writings of Hippocrates that exists, in which we find the titles of several treatises now lost, and also miss several that now form part of the Hippocratic collection. The rest of the work consists of a glossary, in which the words are at present arranged in a partially a
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