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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
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Aristobu'lus 6. Son of Herod king of Chalcis, grandson of the Aristobulus who was strangled at Sebaste, and great-grandson of Herod the Great. In A. D. 55, Nero made Aristobulus king of Armenia Minor, in order to secure that province from the Parthians, and in A. D. 61 added to his dominions some portion of the Greater Armenia which had been given to Tigranes. (J. AJ 20.8.4; Tac. Ann. 13.7, 14.26.) Aristobulus appears also (Joseph. Bell. Jud. 7.7.1) to have obtained from the Romans his father's kingdom of Chalcis, which had been taken from his cousin Agrippa II., in. A. D. 52; and he is mentioned as joining Caesennius Paetus, proconsul of Syria, in the war against Antiochus, king of Commagene, in the 4th year of Vespasian, A. D. 73. (Joseph. l.c.) He was married to Salome, daughter of the infamous Herodias, by whom he had three sons, Herod, Agrippa, and Aristobulus; of these nothing further is recorded. (J. AJ 18.5.4.) [E.E]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Domi'tia Longi'na a daughter of Domitius Corbulo, was married to L. Lamia Aemilianus, from whom she was carried away by Domitian about the time of Vespasian's accession. Immediately after Vespasian's return from the east, Domitian lived with her and his other mistresses on an estate near the Mons Albanus. Subsequently, however, he married her, and in A. D. 73 she bore him a son. But she was unfaithful to him, and kept up an adulterous intercourse with Paris, an actor. When this was discovered, in A. D. 83, Domitian repudiated her on the advice of Ursus, and henceforth lived with Julia, the daughter of his brother. Soon after, however, he formed a reconciliation with Domitia, because he said the people wished it; but he nevertheless continued his intercourse with Julia. Domitia never loved Domitian, and she knew of the conspiracy against his life; as she was informed that her own life was in danger, she urged the conspirators on, and Domitian was murdered in A. D. 96. (D. C. 67.3, 66.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Labe'rius Ma'ximus was procurator of Judaea in A. D. 73, 74, the third and fourth years of Vespasian's reign. After the destruction of Jerusalem the emperor sent Laberius orders to offer for sale all the lands in Judaea. (Joseph. Bell. Jud. 7.6.6.) A Laberius Maximus, whether the same is uncertain, was banished by Trajan on suspicion of aspiring to the purple (Spartian. Hadrian. 5); and a person of the same name is mentioned by Martial (Mart. 6.14) and by Pliny (Plin. Ep. 10.16). [W.B.D]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Messalli'nus, M. Vale'rius Catullus was governor of the Libyan Pentapolis in the reigns of Vespasian and Titus, where he treated the Jewish provincials with extreme cruelty, and by a fictitious plot involved in a charge of perduellion the principal Jews residing at Alexandria and Rome, and among them the historian Josephus. Messallinus was recalled from his province, but eluded the punishment due to his crimes, probably through Domitian's interest with his father and brother. Under Domitian Messallinus distinguished himself as a delator. Josephus represents him as dying in extreme torments aggravated by an evil conscience. Messallinus was probably consul in A. D. 73. (Fasti; Joseph. B. J. 7.11.3; Plin. Ep. 4.22; Juv. Sat. 4.113-122.) [W.B.D]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or the elder Plinius or Plinius the elder (search)
ough ten years afterwards, when the Historia Naturalis was published, they had not appeared. (Plin. H. N. i. Praef. ยง 22.) It was towards the close of the reign of Nero that Pliny was appointed procurator in Spain. He was here in A. D. 71. when his brother-in-law died, leaving his son, the younger Pliny, to the guardianship of his uncle, who, on account of his absence, was obliged to entrust the care of him to Virginius Rufus. Pliny returned to Rome in the reign of Vespasian, shortly before A. D. 73, when he adopted his nephew. He had known Vespasian in the Germanic wars, and the emperor received him into the number of his most intimate friends. For the assertion that Pliny served with Titus in Judaea there is no authority. He was, however, on intimate terms with Titus, to whom he dedicated his great work. Nor is there any evidence that he was ever created senator by Vespasian. It was doubtless at this period of his life that he wrote a continuation of the history of Aufidius Bassus, i
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ately settled at Rome, where his two sons joined him, and Commagene was made a Roman province. [ANTIOCHUS IV., king of Commagene.] Petilius Cerealis, who had terminated the war with the Batavi at the close of A. D. 70, was afterwards sent into Britain, and reduced to subjugation a large part of the Brigantes. Julius Frontinus, after him, subdued the Silures, or people of South Wales. Frontinus was succeeded by Julius Agricola in the command in Britain. A great disturbance at Alexandria (A. D. 73) is recorded by Eusebius, but little about it appears in other writers. It was at this time that Achaea, Lycia, Rhodes, Byzantium, Cilicia, and other places, which were up to this time either considered as free states or governed by kings, were all subjected to a Roman governor, on the ground that their liberty was only used for the purposes of disturbance. (Paus. 7.17.4.) The execution of Helvidius Priscus [PRISCUS] took place under the reign of Vespasian, and by his order; but the extra