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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 743 AD or search for 743 AD in all documents.

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Cosmas (*Kosma=s), of JERUSALEM, a monk, the friend and companion of John of Damascus, and afterwards bishop of Maiuma in Palestine (about A. D. 743). Works Hymns He was the most celebrated composer of hymns in the Greek church, and obtained the surname of melw|do/s. Among his compositions was a version (e)/kfrasis) of the Psalms of David in Iambic metre. Several of the hymns of Cosmas are acrostics. Editions Many of his hymns exist in MS., but no complete edition of them has been published. Fabricius mentions, as a rare book, an Aldine edition of some of them. Thirteen of them are printed in Gallandi's Biblioth. Patrum. Further Information Suid. s. v. *)Iwa/nnhs o( *Damaskhno/s; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. xi. pp 173-181, 8.596.[P.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Petrus DAMASCENUS. (search)
akes it probable that he was of the same family as Joannes Damascenus, by whom that surname was borne. Le Quien thinks that the writer of the letter was not Peter, metropolitan of Damascus, an intimate friend of Joannes Damascenus, who, for writing against the doctrines of the Mohammedans and the Manichaeans (i. e. the Paulicians), had his tongue cut out, and was banished by order of the Caliph Walid into Arabia Felix, where he suffered martyrdom. (Theophane, Chronographia, ad A. M. 6234 = A. D. 743, p. 349, ed. Paris, p. 278, ed. Venice, vol. i. p. 641, ed. Bonn.) Theophanes mentions (ibid.) another Peter, as having suffered martyrdom from the Saracens at Maiuma, the port of Gaza in Palestine, about the same time, and adds that Joannes Damascenus had written in honour of this Peter. Le Quien, though he refers to this passage in Theophanes, gives no intimation that he regarded the martyr of Maiuma as the author of the pieces in question: but he has observed that a quotation from the L