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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 22 22 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 16 16 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 6 6 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 1 1 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 1 1 Browse Search
Charles A. Nelson , A. M., Waltham, past, present and its industries, with an historical sketch of Watertown from its settlement in 1630 to the incorporation of Waltham, January 15, 1739. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 79 AD or search for 79 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Bassus, Caesius 1. A Roman lyric poet, who flourished about the middle of the first century. Quintilian (10.1.95) observes, " At Lyricorum idem Horatius fere solus legi dignus.... Si quemdam adjicere velis, is erit Caesius Bassus, quem nuper vidimus : sed eum longe praecedunt ingenia viventium." Two lines only of his compositions have been preserved, one of these, a dactylic hexameter from the second book of his Lyrics, is to be found in Priscian (x. p. 897, ed. Putsch); the other is quoted by Diomedes (iii. p. 513, ed. Putsch.) as an example of Molossian verse. The sixth satire of Persius is evidently addressed to this Bassus ; and the old scholiast informs us, that he was destroyed along with his villa in A. D. 79 by the eruption of Vesuvius which overwhelmed Herculaneum and Pompeii. He must not be confounded with
, they were attacked by Antonius, who conquered them near Bedriacum, and forthwith proceeded to assault Cremona, where most of the conquered had taken refuge. Alarmed at the success of Antonius, Caecina was released by his soldiers, and sent to Antonius to intercede on their behalf. Antonius despatched Caecina to Vespasian, who treated him with great honour. When the news of his treachery reached Rome, he was deprived of his consulship, and Roscius Regulus elected in his stead. (Tac. Hist. 1.52, 53, 61, 67-70, 2.20-25, 30, 41-44, 71, 99, 100, 3.13, 14, 31; D. C. 65.10, 14; Joseph. B. J. 4.11.3.) Nothing more is heard of Caecina till the latter end of the reign of Vespasian (A. D. 79), when he entered into a plot against the emperor, and was slain, by order of Titus, as he rose from a banquet in the imperial palace. (D. C. 66.16; Suet. Tit. 6.) According to Aurelius Victor (Epit. 10), Caecina was put to death by Titus because he suspected him of intriguing with his mistress Berenice.
ompanied his father and brother when they appeared in public, and when they celebrated their triumph after the Jewish war, he followed them in the procession riding on a white warsteed. He lived partly in the same house with his father, and partly on an estate near the Mons Albanus, where he was surrounded by a number of courtezans. While he thus led a private life, he devoted a great part of his time to the composition of poetry and the recitation of his productions. Vespasian, who died in A. D. 79, was succeeded by his elder son Titus, and Domitian used publicly to say, that he was deprived of his share in the government by a forgery in his father's will, for that it had been the wish of the latter that the two brothers should reign in common. But this was mere calumny : Domitian hated his brother, and made several attempts upon his life. Titus behaved with the utmost forbearance towards him, but followed the example of his father in not allowing Domitian to take any part in the admi
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
bleness of the emperor, and the fears of the senate, as by his own eloquence and address. But Helvidius assailed him a third time on the old charge of delation, and, on this occasion, his talents, backed indeed by his strong interest with Mucianus and Domitian, rescued him. (Dialog. de Orat. 8, comp. 5.) He ingratiated himself with the elder Vespasian also, and was nearly as powerful for a while under the Flavian house as under Claudius and Nero. But towards the close of Vespasian's reign, A. D. 79, Marcellus, from what motives is unknown, engaged in Alienus Caecina's conspiracy against the emperor [CAECINA ALIENUS]. Caecina was assassinated, Marcellus was tried, convicted, and, unable to withstand the long-stored hatred of the senators, destroyed himself. (D. C. 66.16.) The character of Marcellus is drawn by the author of the Dialogue de Oratoribus (5, 8, 13); his eloquence was his only merit, and he abused it to the worst purposes. A coin of the town of Cyme in Aeolia bears on its
ive Aulularia, incerti auctoris comoedia togata," Amsterdam, 1829. Reception The comedies of Plautus enjoyed unrivalled popularity among the Romans. Of this we have a proof in their repeated representations after the poet's death, to which we have already alluded. In a house at Pompeii a ticket was found for admission to the representation of the Casina of Plautus (see Orelli, Inscript. No. 2539), which must consequently have been performed at that time, shortly before its destruction in A. D. 79; and we learn from Arnobius that the Amphitruo was acted in the reign of Diocletian. The continued popularity of Plautus, through so many centuries, was owing, in a great measure, to his being a national poet. For though his comedies belong to the Comoedia palliata, and were taken, for the most part, from the poets of the new Attic comedy, we should do great injustice to Plautus if we regarded him as a slavish imitator of the Greeks. Though he founds his plays upon Greek models, the charact
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or the elder Plinius or Plinius the elder (search)
C. Pli'nius Secundus or the elder Plinius or Plinius the elder the celebrated author of the Historia Naturalis, was born A. D. 23, having reached the age of 56 at the time of his death, which took place in A. D. 79. (Plin. Jun. Epist. 3.5.) The question as to the place of his birth has been the subject of a voluminous and rather angry discussion between the champions of Verona and those of Novum Comum (the modern Como). That he was born at one or other of these two towns sees pretty certain; Ha titles given to Titus in the preface, about A. D. 77. The circumstances of the death of Pliny were remarkable. The details are given in a letter of the younger Pliny to Tacitus (Ep. 6.16). Pliny had been appointed admiral by Vespasian, and in A. D. 79 was stationed with the fleet at Misenum, when the celebrated eruption of Vesuvius took place, which overwhelmed Herculaneum and Pompeii. On the 24th of August, while he was, as usual, engaged in study, his attention was called by his sister to a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or the younger Plinius or Plinius the younger (search)
C. Pli'nius Caeci'lius Secundus or the younger Plinius or Plinius the younger was the son of C. Caecilius, and of Plinia, the sister of C. Plinius, the author of the Naturalis Historia. His native place was probably Comum, now Como, on the Lake Larius, Lake of Como, on the banks of which he had several villae (Ep. 9.7). The year of his birth was A. D. 61 or 62, for, in a letter addressed to Cornelius Tacitus (Ep. 6.20), in which he describes the great eruption of Vesuvius, which happened A. D. 79, he says that he was then in his eighteenth year. His father died young, and after his death Plinia and her son lived with her brother, who adopted his nephew, Caecilius. Under the republic his name after adoption would have been C. Plinius Caecilianus Secundus. The education of Plinius was conducted under the care of his uncle, his mother, and his tutor, Verginis Rufus (Ep. 2.1). From his youth he was devoted to letters. In his fourteenth year he wrote a Greek tragedy (Ep. 7.4); but he add
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scaeva, Di'dius one of the generals of the Vitellian troops, slain at the taking of the Capitol in A. D. 79. (Tac. Hist. 3.73.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
AECILIUS SECUNDUS], but a little older. His gentile name is not sufficient evidence that lie belonged to the Cornelia Gens ; nor is there proof of his having been born at Interamna (Terni), as it is sometimes affirmed. Some facts relative to his biography may be collected from his own writings and from the letters of his friend, the younger Pliniuis. Cornelius Tacituts, a Roman eques, is mentioned by Plinitus (H. N. 7.16, note, ed. Hardouin) as a procurator in Gallia Belgica. Plinius died A. D. 79 , and the procurator cannot have been the historian; but he may have been his father. In an inscription of doubtful authority he is named Cornelius Verus Tacitns. Tacitus was first promoted by, the emperor Vespasian (Hist. i. l). and he received other favours from his sons Titus and Domitian. C. Julius Agricola, who was consul A. D. 77, betrothed his daughter to Tacitus in that year. but the marriage did not take place until the following year. In the reign of Domitian, and in A. D. 88 Taci
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Titus Fla'vius Sabi'nus Vespasia'nus Roman emperor, A. D. 79-81, commonly called by his praenomen Titus, was the son of the emperor Vespasianus and his wife Flavia Domitilla. He was born on the 30th of December, A. D. 40, about the time when Caius Caligula was murdered, in a mean house and a small chamber, which were still shown ecame emperor, as Suetonius says, but in his father's lifetime according to Dion. The scandalous story of Titus having poisoned his father at a feast (24th June, A. D. 79) is not believed even by Dion, who could believe any thing bad of a man. The year A. D. 79 was the first year of the sole government of Titus, whose conduct prA. D. 79 was the first year of the sole government of Titus, whose conduct proved an agreeable surprise to those who had anticipated a return of the times of Nero. His brother Domitian, it is said, was dissatisfied at Titus being sole emperor, and formed the design of stirring up the soldiers; but though he made no decided attempt to seize the supreme power, he is accused of having all along entertained de
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