ere simplicity of outline by which their public structures were characterized.
The Romans made very free use of them.
The Cloaca Maxima, or Great Sewer, of Rome, is the oldest known example of Roman workmanship; it is believed to have been constructed more than five hundred years before the Christian era, and is yet in a perfect state of preservation, still continuing to perform its original functions.
That people also used arches as triumphal monuments; the arch of Titus was erected A. D. 80; that of Trajan, A. D. 114; and of Constantine, A. D. 312.
The Gothic style, which originated about the ninth century, and soon spread over the whole of Europe, was emphatically the style of arches.
Its special characteristics are the clustered pillar and the pointed arch.
The mediaeval masons treated them with a boldness and freedom unknown to the builders of Ancient Rome.
Their constructions display an astonishing amount of practical science, and clearly show that their taste was equal
heated composition, as a lead-bath or sand-bath.
Baths were long used in Oriental countries, and traveled by the route of Egypt to Greece.
Homer mentions the use of the bath as an old custom.
From Greece they reached Rome, imported, as it is said, by Agrippa.
The thermae (hot baths) were very splendid, and adorned for a people who spent much leisure among the baths and their voluptuous accessories.
The marble group of Laocoon was found in 1506 in the Baths of Titus, erected about A. D. 80; and the Farnese Hercules in the Baths of Caracalla, erected A. D. 217.
A rollicking Greek thus writes: —
And lately baths, too, have been introduced, — things which formerly men would not have permitted to exist inside a city.
And Antiphanes points out their injurious character: —
Plague take the bath!
just see the plight In which the thing has left me; It seems t'have boil'd me up, and quite Of strength and nerve bereft me. Don't touch me!
Curst was he who taught a Man to <