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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Antoni'nus Pius The name of this emperor in the early part of his life, at full length, was Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus--a series of appellations derived from his paternal and maternal ancestors, from whom he inherited great wealth. The family of his father was originally from Nemausus (Nismes) in Transalpine Gaul, and the most important members of the stock are exhibited in the following table: Antoninus himself was born near Lanuvium on the 19th of September, A. D. 86, in the reign of Domitian ; was brought up at Lorium, a villa on the Aurelian way, about twelve miles from Rome ; passed his boyhood under the superintendence of his two grandfathers, and from a very early age gave promise of his future worth. After having filled the offices of quaestor and praetor with great distinction, he was elevated to the consulship in 120, was afterwards selected by Hadrian as one of the four consulars to whom the administration of Italy was entrusted, was next appointe
, defeated and slew Appius Sabinus, governor of Moesia, and, spreading devastation far and wide throughout the province, gained possession of many important towns and fortresses. Upon receiving intelligence of theƦ calamities, Domitian hastened (A. D. 86) with all the troops he could collect to Illyria, and, rejecting the pacific though insulting overtures of Decebalus, committed the chef command to Cornelius Fuscus at that time prefect of the praetorium, an officer whose knowledge of war was dtificers skilled in fabricating all instruments for the arts of peace or war, and, worst of all, had submitted to an unheard of degradation by consenting to pay an annual tribute. These occurrences are believed to have happened between the years A. D. 86-90, but both the order and the details of the different events are presented in a most confused and perplexing form by ancient authorities. Trajan soon after his accession determined to wipe out the stain contracted by his predecessor, and at
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
rse, that the different books were collected and published by the author, sometimes singly and sometimes several at one time. The " Liber de Spectaculis" and the first nine books of the regular series involve a great number of historical allusions, extending from the games of Titus (A. D. 80) down to the return of Domitian from the Sarmatian expedition, in January, A. D. 94. The second book could not have been written until after the commencement of the Dacian war (2.2), that is, not before A. D. 86, nor the sixth until after the triumph over the Dacians and Germans (A. D. 91); the seventh was written while the Sarmatian war, which began in A. D. 93, was still in progress, and reaches to the end of that year. The eighth book opens in January, A. D. 94, the ninth also refers to the same epoch, but may, as Clinton supposes, have been written in A. D. 95. The whole of these were composed at Rome, except the third, which was written during a tour in Gallia Togata. The tenth book was publis
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Sta'tius, P. Papi'nius a distinguished grammarian, who. after having carried off the palm in several public literary contests, opened a school at Naples, about the year A. D. 39, according to the calculations of Dodwell. He subsequently removed to Rome, and at one period acted as the preceptor of Domitian, who held him in high honour, and presented him with various marks of favour. He was the author of many works in prose and verse, of which no trace remains, and died probably in A. D. 86. By his wife Agellina, who survived him, he was the father of P. Papinius Statius, the poet.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
h book was composed expressly to celebrate the kalends of January, A. D. 95, when Domitian entered upon his 17th consulship, and the fifth book appears to have been brought to a close in the following year. II. Thebaidos Libri XII. Thebaidos Libri XII., an heroic poem in twelve books, embodying the ancient legends with regard to the expedition of the Seven against Thebes. It occupied the author for twelve years (12.811), and was not finished until after the Dacian war, which commenced in A. D. 86 (1.20), but had been published before the completion of the first book of the Silvae (Silv. i. prooem.; comp. 3.2. 143, 4.4. 86, &c.). III. Achilleidos Libri II. Achilleidos Libri II., an heroic poem breaking off abruptly. According to the original plan, it would have comprised a complete history of the exploits of Achilles, but was probably never finished. It was commenced after the completion of the Thebais (Achill. 1.10), and is alluded to in the last book of the Silvae (5.2. 163, 5.5
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
me authorities. His father, also named Trajanus, had attained, it is said, the dignity of consul, and been elevated to the rank of patrician; but his name does not occur in the Fasti. The son was trained to arms, and served as tribunus militum. It appears that he was employed near the Euphrates, probably about A. D. 80, when he checked the progress of the Parthians ; and it is not unlikely that he was at this time serving under his father. He was raised to the praetorship some time before A. D. 86, and was consul in A. D. 91 with M' Acilius Glabrio. He afterwards returned to Spain, whence he was summoned by Domitian to command the troops in Lower Germany, and he had his head-quarters at Cologne. At the close of A. D. 97, he was adopted by the emperor Nerva, who gave him the rank of Caesar, and the names of Nerva and Germanicus, and shortly after the title of imperator, and the tribunitia potestas. His style and title after his elevation to the imperial dignity were Imperator Caesar N