Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 9 AD or search for 9 AD in all documents.

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ACHMET son of Seirim (*)Axme\t ui(o\s *Seirei/m). Works On the Interpretation of Dreams (*)Oneirokritika/) Author He is the author of a work on the Interpretation of Dreams, *)Oneirokritika/, and is probably the same person as Abú Bekr Mohammed Ben Sírín, whose work on the same subject is still extant in Arabic in the Royal Library at Paris, (Catal. Cod. Manuscr, Biblioth. Reg. Paris. vol. i. p. 230, cod. MCCX.,) and who was born A. H. 33, (A. D. 653-4,) and died A. H. 110. (A. D. 728-9.) (See Nicoll and Pusey, Catal. Cod. Manuscr. Arab. Biblioth. Bodl. p. 516.) This conjecture will seem the more probable when it is recollected that the two names Ahmed or Achmet and Mohammed, however unlike each other they may appear in English, consist in Arabic of four letters each, and differ only in the first. There must, however, be some difference between Achmet's work, in the form in which we have it, and that of Ibn Sirin, as the writer of the former (or the translator) appears from in
he north of the Hartz mountains, now forming the south of Hanover and Brunswick. He was born in the year 18 B. C., and in his youth he led the warriors of his tribe as auxiliaries of the Roman legions in Germany (Tac. Ann. 2.10), where he learnt the language and military discipline of Rome, and was admitted to the freedom of the city, and enrolled amongst the equites. (Vell. 2.118.) He appears in history at a crisis which is one of the most remarkable in the history of Europe. In the year A. D. 9, the Romans had forts along the Danube, the Rhine, on the Elbe and the Weser. Tiberius Nero had twice (Vell. 2.107) overrun the interior of Germany, and had left Varus with three legions to complete the conquest of the country, which now seemed destined to become, like Gaul, a Roman province. But Varus was a man whose licentiousness and extortion (D. C. 56.18; Vell. 2.117) made the yoke of Rome intolerable to the Germans. Arminius, who was now twenty-seven years old, and had succeeded his f
chiefs, and had obtained in consequence the sovereignty of the Breucians. The Dalmatian Bato, suspecting the designs of the Breucian, made war upon the latter, took him prisoner, and put him to death. This led to a fresh war with the Romans. Many of the Pannonians joined the revolt, but Silvanus Plautius subdued the Breucians and several other tribes ; and Bato, seeing no hope of success in Pannonia, laid waste the country and retired into Dalmatia. At the beginning of the following year (A. D. 9), after the winter, Tiberius returned to Rome, while Germanicus remained in Dalmatia. But as the war was still protracted, Augustus resolved to make a vigorous effort to bring it to a conclusion. Tiberius was sent back to the army, which was now divided into three parts, one under the command of Silvanus, the second under M. Lepidus, and the third under Tiberius and Germanicus, all of whom prosecuted the war with the utmost vigour in different directions. Tiberius and Germanicus marched aga
Caldus 3. CALDUS, the last member of the family who occurs in history. He was one of the Romans who were taken prisoner by the Germans in the defeat of Varus, A. D. 9, and seeing the cruel tortures which the barbarians inflicted upon the prisoners, he grasped the chains in which he was fettered and dashed them against his own head with such force, that he died on the spot. (Vell. 2.120.) The name Caldus occurs on several coins of the Caelia gens. One of the most important is given, as is mentioned above, in the Dict. of Ant. [L.S]
Cameri'nus the name of an old patrician family of the Sulpicia gens, which probably derived its name from the ancient town of Cameria or Camerium, in Latium. The Camerini frequently held the highest offices in the state in the early times of the republic; but after B. C. 345, when Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Rufus was consul, we do not hear of them again for upwards of 400 years, till Q. Sulpicius Camerinus obtained the consulship in A. D. 9. The family was reckoned one of the noblest in Rome in the early times of the empire. (Juv. 7.90, 8.38.)
Cameri'nus 9. Q. Sulpicius Camerinus, Q. F. Q. N., was consul in A. D. 9, the birth-year of the emperor Vespasian. (Suet. Vesp. 3; Plin. Nat. 7.48. s. 49.)
Conco'rdia a Roman divinity, the personification of concord. She had several temples at Rome, and one was built as early as the time of Furius Camillus, who vowed and built it in commemoration of the reconciliation between the patricians and plebeians. (Plut. Cam. 42; Ov. Fast. 1.639.) This temple, in which frequent meetings of the senate were held, but which appears to have fallen into decay, was restored by Livia, the wife of Augustus, and was consecrated by her son, Tiberius, A. D. 9, after his victory over the Pannonians. (Suet. Tib. 20; D. C. 55.17.) In the reign of Constantine and Maxentius, the temple was burnt down, but was again restored. A second temple of Concordia was built by Cn. Flavius on the area of the temple of Vulcan (Liv. 9.46, 40.19; Plin. Nat. 33.6), and a third was vowed by L. Manlius during a seditious commotion among his troops in Gaul, and was afterwards erected on the Capitoline hill. (Liv. 22.33.) Concordia is represented on several coins as a matron, some
Crina'goras (*Krinago/ras), a Greek epigrammatic poet, the author of about fifty epigrams in the Greek Anthology, was a native of Mytilene, among the eminent men of which city he is mentioned by Strabo, who speaks of him as a contemporary. (xiii. p. 617, sub fin.) There are several allusions in his epigrams, which refer to the reign of Augustus, and on the authority of which Jacobs believes him to have flourished from B. C. 31 to A. D. 9. We may also collect from his epigrams that he lived at Rome (Ep. 24), and that he was richer in poems than in worldly goods. (Ep. 33.) He mentions a younger brother of his, Eucleides. (Ep. 12.) From the contents of two of his epigrams Reiske inferred, that they must have been written by a more ancient poet of the same name, but this opinion is refuted by Jacobs. Crinagoras often shews a true poetical spirit. He was included in the Anthology of Philip of Thessalonica. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. pp. 876-878; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. iv. p. 470.) [P.
Ju'lia 7. Daughter of the preceding, and wife of L. Aemilius Paullus, by whom she had M. Aemilius Lepidus (D. C. 59.11; Suet. Calig. 24) and Aemilia, first wife of the emperor Claudius. (Suet. Cl. 26.) Less celebrated than her mother, Julia inherited her vices and misfortunes. For adulterous intercourse with D. Silanus (Tac. Ann. 3.24), she was banished by her grandfather Augustus to the little island Tremerus, on the coast of Apulia, A. D. 9, where she survived twenty years, dependent on the ostentatious bounty of the empress Livia. A child, born after her disgrace, was, by order of Augustus, exposed as spurious. Julia died in A. D. 28, and was buried in her place of exile, since, like her mother's, her ashes were interdicted the mausoleum of Augustus. (Tac. Ann. 4.71; Suet. Aug. 64, 65, 101; Schol. in Juv. Satt. 6.158.) It was probably this Julia whom Ovid celebrated as Corinna in his elegies and other erotic poems.
Le'pidus 23. M. Aemilius Lepidus, the brother of No. 22, was consul A. D. 6 with L. Arruntius. (Propert. 4.11. 63; D. C. 4.25.) Instead of conspiring against Augustus, like his brother, he seems always to have lived on the most intimate terms with him. He was employed by Augustus in the war against the Dalmatians in A. D. 9. (Vell. 2.114, 115; D. C. 56.12.) When Augustus shortly before his death was speaking of the Roman nobles, whose abilities would qualify them for the supreme power, or whose ambition would prompt them to aspire to it, he described Lepidus as capax sed aspernans. (Tac. Ann. 1.13.) The high estimation in which he was held by Augustus he continued to enjoy even with the jealous and suspicious Tiberius; and although he took no part in the fulsome flatteries which the senate were continually presenting to the emperor, and used his influence in the cause of justice, yet such was his prudence, that he did not forfeit the favour of Tiberius. The praises bestowed upon him
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