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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 6 6 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 91 AD or search for 91 AD in all documents.

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by a treaty. The Romans were defeated by them, and the consequence was, that Domitian was obliged to conclude peace with Decebalus on very humiliating terms, A. D. 87. [DECEBALUS.] Another dangerous occurrence was the revolt of L. Antonius in Upper Germany; but this storm was luckily averted by an unexpected overflow of the Rhine over its banks, which prevented the German auxiliaries, whom Antonius expected, from joining him; so that the rebel was easily conquered by L. Appius Norbanus, in A. D. 91. An insurrection of the Nasamones in Africa was of less importance, and was easily suppressed by Flaccus, the governor of Numidia. But it is the cruelty and tyranny of Domitian that have given his reign an unenviable notoriety. His natural tendencies burst forth with fresh fury after the Dacian war. His fear and his injured pride and vanity led him to delight in the misfortunes and sufferings of those whom he hated and envied; and the most distinguished men of the time, especially among t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
M'. Acilius Glabrio was consul with Trajan in A. D. 91. The auguries which promised Trajan the empire, predicted death to his colleague in the consulship. To gain the favour of Domitian, Glabrio fought as a gladiator in the amphitheatre attached to the emperor's villa at Alba, and slew a lion of unusual size. Glabrio was first banished and afterwards put to death by Domitian. (Suet. Dom. 10; D. C. 67.12, 14; Juv. Sat. 4.94.) [W.B.D]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'iximus, L. A'ppius a distinguished Roman general in the reigns of Domitian and Trajan. In A. D. 91 Maximus quelled the revolt of Antonius in Germany, and at the same time had the magnanimity to burn all the letters of the latter, that they might not expose others to the vengeance of Domitian. In A. D. 101 he fought with success under Trajan in the Dacian war against Decebalus. In A. D. 115 he was one of Trajan's generals in the Parthian war; but here his good fortune failed him, for he was defeated and perished in this year. We learn from the Fasti that he was consul in A. D. 103. (Dio Cass. Ixvii. 11, Ixviii. 9, 30 ) There is some doubt about the exact form of his name. Dio Cassius names him simply L. Maximus; but Domitian, in a letter contained among those of Pliny (10.66), and the Fasti call him L. Appius Maximus, which is the form we have adopted. But Martial (9.85), and Aurelius Victor (Epit. 11.10), give to the conqueror of Antonius the name of Appius Norbanus. These statemen
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Saturni'nus, L. Anto'nius governor of Upper Germany in the reign of Domitian, raised a rebellion against that emperor from motives of personal hatred, A. D. 91. A sudden inundation of the Rhine prevented Saturninus from receiving the assistance of the barbarians which had been promised him, and he was in consequence conquered without difficulty by L. Appius Maximus, the general of Domitian. Maximus burnt all the letters of Antonius, that others might not be implicated in the revolt; but Domitian did not imitate the magnanimity of his general, for he seized the pretext to put various persons to death along with Saturninus, and sent their heads to be exposed on the Rostra at Rome. It is related that the victory over Antonius was announced at Rome on the same day on which it was fought. As to the variations in the name of L. Appius Maximus in the different writers see MAXIMUS, p. 986b. (D. C. 67.11; Suet. Dom. 6, 7 ; Aurel. Vict. Epit. 11 ; Mart. 4.11, 9.85; Plut. Aemil. Paul. 25.
Sauromates 2. SAUROMATES II. was a contemporary of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian, and is incidentally mentioned by the younger Pliny as having sent an embassy to the former emperor (Plin. Epp. 10.13, 14, 15). From his coins we learn that he ascended the throne as early as A. D. 91, before the death of Domitian, and that he still occupied 1 it in A. D. 124. The annexed coin, which bears on the obverse the head of Hadrian and the date 413 (A. D. 117), belongs to this Sauromates.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
also named Trajanus, had attained, it is said, the dignity of consul, and been elevated to the rank of patrician; but his name does not occur in the Fasti. The son was trained to arms, and served as tribunus militum. It appears that he was employed near the Euphrates, probably about A. D. 80, when he checked the progress of the Parthians ; and it is not unlikely that he was at this time serving under his father. He was raised to the praetorship some time before A. D. 86, and was consul in A. D. 91 with M' Acilius Glabrio. He afterwards returned to Spain, whence he was summoned by Domitian to command the troops in Lower Germany, and he had his head-quarters at Cologne. At the close of A. D. 97, he was adopted by the emperor Nerva, who gave him the rank of Caesar, and the names of Nerva and Germanicus, and shortly after the title of imperator, and the tribunitia potestas. His style and title after his elevation to the imperial dignity were Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Augustus. He w