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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
orities. The lessons taught by the expeditions made by the British in this section were of immense value. San Juan, in Porto Rico, had been attacked by Sir Ralph Abercrombie in 1795, unsuccessfully. He stated that the expedition had been undertaken too lightly, that he had found Porto Rico well supplied, and that there was powce against England, the British prepared to weaken Spain through attacks on her colonies. A squadron was assembled in the West Indies under the command of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, which attacked the Spanish fleet in the bay of Port of Spain, Island of Trinidad, and captured the island, with 200 pieces of artillery and all its stores. The English then turned their eyes towards Porto Rico, as being the nearest Spanish island of importance. Abercrombie landed his troops off the little hamlet of Cangrejos and made several determined attempts to take San Juan; but after two weeks of desultory bombarding and skirmishing was finally forced to depart, with a total
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stirling, Sir Thomas 1757- (search)
Stirling, Sir Thomas 1757- Military officer; born in Scotland; entered the British army in 1757; served in America under Abercrombie and Amherst (1758-60); and in 1765 was stationed at Fort Chartres, Ill., whence he marched with his command to Philadelphia in 1766. Throughout the Revolutionary War he commanded the 42d Regiment, as its lieutenant-colonel. He was in the battle of Long Island and at the capture of Fort Washington in 1776; was at some of the most important engagements until 1780; when, as brigadier-general, he accompanied General Clinton in the capture of Charleston; was created a baronet in 1796, and rose to the rank of general in January, 1801. He died May 9, 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ticonderoga, operations at (search)
he fortress of Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, with about 4,000 men, French and Indians. General Abercrombie personally commanded the expedition designed to capture this fortress, and at the beginnigustus Howe, colonel of the 60th (Royal American) Regiment, and then a brigadier-general, was Abercrombie's second in command. Howe was then thirty-four years of age, a skilful soldier, and greatly outer works were easily taken, but the others were guarded by abatis and thoroughly manned. Abercrombie ordered his troops to scale the works in the face of the enemy's fire (July 8), when they werompelled to fall back to Lake George, leaving about 2,000 men dead or wounded in the forest. Abercrombie then hastened to his camp at the head of the lake. The loss of the French was inconsiderablee of which was the conquest of all Canada, and so ending the puissance of France in America. Abercrombie, who had been unsuccessful, was superseded by Gen. Sir Jeffrey Amherst in the command of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
3, and, returning to France, was pensioned.] Fort Oswego, with 1,600 men, 120 cannon, fourteen mortars, two sloops, and 200 boats and bateaux, surrenders to Montcalm......Aug. 14, 1756 Montcalm, governor of Canada, besieges Fort William Henry with about 8,000 French and 2,000 Indians......Aug. 2, 1757 Colonel Monroe surrenders with the garrison of nearly 3,000 (Fort William Henry)......Aug. 9, 1757 James De Lancey, governor; Sir Charles Hardy goes to England......1757 General Abercrombie attacks Fort Ticonderoga and is repulsed......July 8, 1758 Fort Frontenac surrenders to the English under Col. John Bradstreet......Aug. 27, 1758 Fort Stanwix built (Fort Schuyler)......1758 English under Gen. John Prideaux besiege Fort Niagara; General Prideaux killed......July 20, 1759 French surrender the fort. July 25, 1759 Battle of Quebec; General Wolfe killed......Sept. 13, 1759 Surrender of Quebec......Sept. 18, 1759 Governor De Lancey dies......July 30,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
nch fleet......Sept. 7, 1781 Washington reaches Williamsburg......Sept. 14, 1781 He visits Count de Grasse to plan the siege......Sept. 18, 1781 French and American army (about 16,000) advances within 2 miles of the British outposts......Sept. 28, 1781 First parallel of the American army opened on Yorktown......Oct. 5-6, 1781 Storming parties (American under Col. Alexander Hamilton and French under Baron de Viomenil) carry two British redoubts......Oct. 14, 1781 Lieutenant-Colonel Abercrombie vainly assaults the French batteries on the morning of......Oct. 16, 1781 Cornwallis attempts to escape across the river to Gloucester Point on the night of......Oct. 16, 1781 Negotiations for capitulation begin......Oct. 17, 1781 Cornwallis surrenders 7,247 men, seventy-five brass guns, sixty-nine iron guns......Oct. 19, 1781 Admiral Digby appears off the capes of the Chesapeake with twenty-five ships of the line, two 50-gun ships, and eight frigates, carrying Sir He
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Willett, Mabinus 1740-1830 (search)
Willett, Mabinus 1740-1830 Military officer; born in Jamaica, L. I., July 31, 1740; graduated at King's College in 1775; he served under Abercrombie in the attack on Ticonderoga, and was with Bradstreet in the expedition against Fort Frontenac. He was one of the most conspicuous of Marinus Willett. the New York Sons of Liberty. In 1775 he entered McDougall's regiment as captain, and joined Montgomery in the invasion of Canada. After the capture of St. John he remained there, in command, until January, 1776, and was soon afterwards made lieutenant-colonel of the 3d New York Regiment. In May, 1777, he was ordered to Fort Stanwix, and assisted in its defence in August following, making a successful sortie to effect a diversion in favor of General Herkimer (see Oriskany, battle of). He bore a message, by stealth, to General Schuyler, which led to the expedition up the Mohawk Valley, under General Arnold, that caused the abandonment of the siege of Fort Stanwix. He joined the a
, he entered as a volunteer. He soon distinguished himself by a succession of daring exploits, in one of which he was so fortunate as to rescue the Emperor of Austria, when he was on the point of being captured by the French. His gallantry attracted attention, and he soon received a commission.-- In 1797, he was a captain, and during the next year, served in Ireland, on the staff of Gen. St. John. In 1799 he made the campaign of Holland, and in 1801 he accompanied the expedition of Sir Ralph Abercrombie to Egypt, and was personally engaged in all the battles. In 1802, having returned to England in consequence of the peace, he published his history of the English expedition to Egypt, in the course of which he indulged his hatred of Bonaparte in a series of gross and unfounded charges, by which that General, now first Consul, was so much irritated that he made it the subject of a formal complaint to the government of Great Britain. Finding that he could obtain no redress, but that,
Habeas corpus. --A man named Ralph Abercrombie was before Judge Lyons yesterday on habeas corpus. He alleged that he was illegally detained in Castle thunder, Capt. L W. Richardson, commandant of the Castle, alleged that he detained Abercrombie under, an order and warrant issued by the Secretary of War, charging him with being an alien enemy. No testimony was introduced on either side, and the Judge remanded the prisoner to Castle Thunder. The prisoner was at one time an officer to commandant of the Castle, alleged that he detained Abercrombie under, an order and warrant issued by the Secretary of War, charging him with being an alien enemy. No testimony was introduced on either side, and the Judge remanded the prisoner to Castle Thunder. The prisoner was at one time an officer to the Yankee army, and commandant of the prison for Confederate soldiers at Alton, Ill, He came to the Confederacy in the year 1863, when he was arrested upon the warrant above mentioned.
sted in Baltimore as a spy. From the Baltimore Sun of yesterday we learn that he has been produced before the United States District Court of that city by writ of habeas corpus. General Woolley returned an answer to the writ to the effect that Abercrombie, having been arrested as a spy, and having given evidence which caused the execution of Captain Deaton, of the United States army, he was held for trial by a military commission. The counsel for the accused contended that, as the war was overoolley returned an answer to the writ to the effect that Abercrombie, having been arrested as a spy, and having given evidence which caused the execution of Captain Deaton, of the United States army, he was held for trial by a military commission. The counsel for the accused contended that, as the war was over, the case could only be tried by a civil tribunal. Judge Giles, in view of the importance of the case, reserved his decision for yesterday. Abercrombie claims to hail from Baltimore.
Important trial. Baltimore, December 28. --Judge the United States District Court cide this morning the important baby case of Ralph Abercrombie, held by Wolley, charged with being a spy ing to the enemy, also with giving before a Confederate court- martial Richmond, on which testimony Captain the United States army, was wrong victed and executed. Judge Giles favor of the military authority, its custody Abercrombie for military he belonged to the United States military vice. Abercrombie will now soon court-martial. He was a Lieutenant old United States army. The court-martial of which General is president, and Colonel Binghated States military vice. Abercrombie will now soon court-martial. He was a Lieutenant old United States army. The court-martial of which General is president, and Colonel Bingha advocate, has adjourned sine die, ha posed of the important forgery trial Thomas Murphy. A new cour will probably be formed soon to try .
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