of spirits among the loyal people was, however, only momentary.
Within a few days they were buoyant with faith and hope.
There was a second uprising of the friends of free institutions more marvellous than the first.
Volunteers flocked to the standard of the Stars and Stripes by thousands.
The Confederates were amazed by the spectacle, and did not venture near the capital in force, where loyal regiments were continually arriving.
Five days after the battle, Secretary Seward wrote to Minister Adams in London: Our Army of the Potomac, on Sunday last, met a reverse equally severe and unexpected.
For a day or two the panic which had produced the result was followed by a panic that seemed to threaten to demoralize the country.
But that evil has ceased entirely.
The result is already seen in a vigorous reconstruction upon a scale of greater magnitude and increased enthusiasm.
The Pennsylvania reserves were transferred to the National army at Washington.
The government and people we