nally customary to employ loose powder and ball.
Then followed a cartridge containing a measured quantity of powder, the bullets being carried separately in a bag. The end of the paper cylinder was bitten off and the paper used as a wad. Gustavus Adolphus (killed at Lutzen, 1632) is said to have been the first to have made up the cartridge with a measured quantity of powder and a ball fastened thereto.
Sir James Turner, in the time of Charles II.
of England, speaks of cartridges employed
（Ordnance.) A flannel bag holding a charge of powder for a cannon.
A belt for the waist or to go over the shoulder, having pockets for fixed ammunition.
Gustavus Adolphus (killed at Lutzen, 1632) reduced the weight of the musket from fifteen pounds to ten.
He also introduced the paper cartridge, which at first only contained the powder, the bullets being kept in a bag.
Cartridge-boxes at first were very
f Cardinal Ximenes, in 1517.
The exact conformity of different copies of the book taken by Faustus for sale in Paris gave rise to the report of his being in league with Satan, and was the origin of the popular story of his attendant demon.
The Mentz printers, in order that the art might not be divulged, administered an oath of secrecy to all whom they employed; this appears to have been strictly adhered to until the year 1462, at which period the city was sacked and plundered by Archbishop Adolphus of Nassau; its former rights and franchises were also abolished.
Amid the consternation occasioned by this extraordinary event, the workmen of the Mentz press, considering their oath of fidelity no longer binding, spread themselves in different directions.
By this circumstance the hitherto great mystery was rapidly carried through a considerable portion of Europe; and the places which received it early, after some time commenced a contention for the merit of the discovery.
Nuck, Verduc, Monro, and others.
The heroes before Troy had one field physician, but in general the soldiers of the armies of the ancients, or sympathizing females, gave what attention they could to the wounded.
In the Roman army each cohort had a physician.
The first trace of field-hospitals is in the sixth century.
The convention of Ratisbon, 742, ordered that every army should have a corps of chaplains, and every colonel a confessor, but does not refer to a medical staff.
Gustavus Adolphus appointed four surgeons to a regiment.
The essential parts of a tourniquet are a pad, which is compressed upon the severed artery above the point of division, and a band, by which it is tightly held to the limb.
a (Fig. 6570) is Tiemann's direct-pressure tourniquet.
Both sides of the pad are free from pressure, so as not to stop the circulation of the venous blood.
b, Petit's spiral tourniquet.
c, United States Army field-tourniquet.
d, Valentine Mott's tourniquet.