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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Statement of General J. D. Imboden. (search)
to detail events in consecutive order, and approximately to assign each to its proper date. A few days after receiving my orders from General Winder, I reached Aiken, and visited Augusta, Georgia, and established an office there in charge of a staff officer, Lieutenant George W. McPhail, for prompt and convenient communication prisons in my department, with instructions to report fully on their condition and management. Whilst Colonel Bondurant was on this service, I was forced to quit Aiken by the approach of Kilpatrick's cavalry, moving on the flank of Sherman's army. A detachment of this cavalry reached Aiken within four hours after I left it. I thAiken within four hours after I left it. I then made Augusta my permanent headquarters, residing, however, a few miles out on the Georgia railroad at Berzelia. Colonel Bondurant promptly discharged the duty assigned to him, and on the state of facts presented in his reports, I resolved to keep up but two prisons, the one at Andersonville and the other at Eufaula. I did this
his point. The queer-looking craft in the center of the river is the double-turreted monitor Onondaga. It was no longer safe for women and children to stay in A. M. Aiken's dwelling on the hill; shells from the warship might come hurtling ashore at the slightest sign of Confederates. After the success of the first monitor, severeded Colonel Ludlow as agent A glad sight for the prisoners On top of the gentle slope rising from the river at Aiken's Landing stands the dwelling of A. M. Aiken, who gave the locality his name. For a short time in 1862 Aiken's Landing, on the James River just below Dutch Gap, was used as a point of exchange for soldierpron stands on the other side of the pillar. Some Union officers are lounging at the near end of the porch. The mill shown in the lower photograph was owned by Mr. Aiken. His rude wharf stretching out into the river enabled the neighboring farmers to land their corn, which they brought to be ground. The structure in the front i
f either party is to be considered as exchanged and absolved from his parole until his equivalent has actually reached the lines of his friends. 5th. That the parole forbids the performance of field, garrison, police, or guard, or constabulary duty. John A. Dix, Major-General. D. H. Hill, Major-General, C. S. A. Supplementary articles. Article VII: All prisoners of war now held on either side, and all prisoners hereafter taken, shall be sent, with all reasonable despatch, to A. M. Aiken's, below Dutch Gap, on the James River, in Virginia, or to Vicksburg, on the Mississippi River, in the State of Mississippi, and there exchanged or paroled until such exchange can be effected, notice being previously given by each party of the number of prisoners it will send, and the time when they will be delivered at those points respectively; and in case the vicissitudes of war shall change the military relations of the places designated in this article to the contending parties, so a
s, known as privateers, shall be discharged upon the conditions and terms following: . . . . Article 4. All prisoners of war to be discharged on parole, in ten days after their capture, and the prisoners now held, and those hereafter to be taken, to be transported to the points mutually agreed upon, at the expense of the capturing party. . . . . Article 7. All prisoners of war now held on either side, and all prisoners hereafter taken, shall be sent with all reasonable dispatch to A. M. Aiken's, below Dutch Gap, on the James river, Virginia, or to Vicksburg, on the Mississippi river, in the state of Mississippi, and there exchanged, or paroled until such exchange can be effected. . . . . General orders, no. 207. war Department, Adjutant-General's office, Washington, July 3, 1863. The attention of all persons in the military service of the United States is called to Article 7 of the cartel agreed upon on the 22d of July, 1862, and published in General Orders No. 142, Sep
Adams, V. W., VIII., 167. Adams, W.: III., 326; X., 277. Adelaide,, U. S. S., VI., 100. Adrian, Mich.: Fourth Reg. organized in, VIII., 73. A. D. Vance,, C. S. S., VI., 21, 123, 124. A. D. Vance,, U. S. S., III., 342. After all, W. Winter, IX., 238, 241. Agawam,, U. S. S., VI., 315. Age: of Northern recruits, VIII., 190, 232; of various Federal officers, VIII., 193-196. Agnew, C. R., VII., 226. Aigburth, H. M. S., VI., 119. Aiken, A. M., VII., 113 seq. Aiken, S. C., III., 342. Aiken, revenue cutter, VI., 82. Aiken,, U. S. S., VI., 268, 310. Aiken house, near Petersburg, Va. , III., 197. Aiken Landing, on James River, Va. : VII., 102; prisoners exchanged at, 107; exchange point of prisoners, 109, 111, 113 seq.; mill near, 115. Ainsworth, F. C.: statistics of, on Confederate prisoners, VII., 43; quoted, VII., 50, 208. Ajax, Lee's charger, IV., 300. Alabama: secedes, I., 346
1; telegraph battery wagon, VIII., 353; headquarters field telegraph, VIII., 355; telegraph operators at, VIII., 357; telegraph office in trenches before, VIII., 365, 367, 368; siege of, IX., 155; crater, IX., 175; capture of, IX., 191; bullets found after battle, IX., 203; captured, IX., 243; ruins in, IX., 308, 352. Petersburg and City Point Railroad, Va., V., 51. Peterson Ii.: quoted, IX., 28, 282, 285. Petrel, ship, VI., 122. Petrel,, U. S. S.: VI., 82 (see also Aiken); VI., 208, 268, 310, 320. Pettigrew, J. J.: I., 364; II., 153, 262, 342. Pettigrew, M. L., VII., 296. Pettit, R. D., I., 280. Pettit, Miss. Vera, X., 2. Pettit's battery, I., 280. Pettus, E. W., X., 253. Pequio, J., VIII., 149. Pequot,, U. S. S., III., 342. Phelps, J. E., of Arkansas, X., 195. Phelps, J. Elisha, of Kansas, X., 217. Phelps, J. S., X., 292. Phelps, J. W., VI., 312; X., 307. Phelps, S. L.: I., 221; VI