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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 10 0 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 6 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Railroads. (search)
pany in 1825. The road was completed in the fall of 1831. The next charter was given A modern locomotive designed for fast passenger service. by the legislature of Maryland (1827) to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. The same year Horatio Allen was sent to England by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company to buy for them locomotives and iron for a railway which they built in 1828 from Honesdale to the coal-mines. Allen, in the latter part of 1829, put the first locomotive on an AmerAllen, in the latter part of 1829, put the first locomotive on an American railway. The first locomotive built in the United States was by Peter Cooper, at his iron-works near Baltimore, in 1830. It was a small machine, and drew an open car on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, filled with directors, from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills, at the rate of 18 miles an hour. The multiplication of railways in the United States kept pace with the marvellous increase in population, wealth, and inland commerce, until, in 1890, the mileage was greater than that of all other
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Coughlin, O'Sullivan, and Burke sentenced to life imprisonment, and Kunze to three years, for complicity in murder of Dr. Cronin, of Chicago, and Beggs acquitted......Dec. 16, 1889 La grippe invades the United States......Dec. 21, 1889 Horatio Allen, first locomotive engineer in the United States, dies at Montrose, N. J., aged eighty-eight......Jan. 1, 1890 State dinner given by the President to the Vice-President and cabinet......Jan. 7, 1890 William D. Kelley, born 1814, the oldeelection laws passes the House by 201 to 102; not voting, fifty......Oct. 10, 1893 Senate sits continuously to force a vote on the repeal bill, from 11 A. M. Wednesday, Oct. 11, to 1.45 A. M. Friday, when it adjourns for want of a quorum. Senator Allen, of Nebraska, holds the floor for fourteen hours, in the longest continuous speech ever made in the Senate......Oct. 13, 1893 American yacht Vigilant wins the third of five races for the America's cup, off Sandy Hook, N. J., defeating the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Jersey, (search)
, jails, penitentiaries, and all public reformatory institutions of the State......1884 Gen. George B. McClellan, born 1826, dies at Orange......Oct. 29, 1885 State board of agriculture established......1887 Act of legislature passed making Labor Day, the first Monday in September, a legal holiday, and giving women the right to vote at school-district meetings......1887 Local option and high license law, passed in 1888, is repealed, and a high license law enacted......1889 Horatio Allen, the first locomotive engineer in the United States, dies at Montrose, aged eighty-eight......Jan. 1, 1890 Governor's salary raised to $10,000 a year by law......Jan. 15, 1890 Australian ballot law adopted at session ending......May 23, 1890 Strike of over 3,000 employes in the Clark thread mills at Newark and Kearney begins......Dec. 10, 1890 Saturday half-holiday established, and Rutgers Scientific School awarded the funds granted by Congress in aid of colleges of agricult
os. A. Emmett, Wm. Allen Butler, Edwin Hoyt, Jno. E. Devlin, James W. Beekman, P. M. Wetmore, Geo. S. Coe, N. Knight, Jno. A. C. Gray, Cyrus Curtiss, Henry A. Smythe, David Thompson, T. H. Faile, Isaac Bell, Jr., Dan. P. Ingraham, W. M. Vermilye, J. L. Aspinwall, Richard Schell, Fred. Lawrence, J. G. Vassar, J. G. Pierson, John H. Swift, Allan Cummings, Geo. B. DeForest, W. C. Alexander, Augt. Weisman, H. D. Aldrich, R. L. Kennedy, R. Mortimer, Horatio Allen, Norman White, Geo. T. Hope, Ogden Haggerty, John Wadsworth, Josiah Oakes, Loring Andrews, F. L. Talcott, Alfred Edwards, John Jay, Martin Bates, W. H. Webb, J. G. Brooks, James G. Bennett, R. B. Connolly, Paul Spofford, Smith Ely, Jr., O. Ottendorfer, M. B. Blake, Francis S. Lathrop, Henry Pierson, Isaac Delaplaine, Richard O'Gorman, Peter M. Bryson, Charles W. Sanford, Charles Aug. Davis, Henry E. Davies, Josiah Sutherland, An
d water. The device is also used in vacuum-pans, etc. The pipe F is shown with a break and gap to indicate that a large portion is removed to bring the device within proportions convenient for display upon the page. See aspirator; air-pump (Fig. 115). Surface-condenser. The surface-condenser has a series of flat chambers or tubes, usually the latter, in which the steam is cooled by a body of water surrounding the tubes. The most secure way of fastening the tubes in the heads is Horatio Allen's wooden thimble, which swells after placing in position, and makes a tight joint. Distilled water for ships' use is obtained by the condensation of steam in a surface condenser. To render it more palatable it is artificially aerated and then filtered through animal charcoal. Worm-condenser. 2. (Distilling.) The still-condenser is generally of the worm-tub form; the coil containing the alcoholic vapor traversing a tub which receives a constant accession of cold water, condensi
ur driving-wheels, and is simultaneously driven outward and inward. The crank-axles are at right angles with each other, so that each wheel is driven alternately. The cylinders are carried on a frame supported by the journals of the driving-wheels, so as not to be affected by the motion of the springs. The first locomotive run on rails outside of England was the Stourbridge lion, made by Stephen- son and brought from England for the Delaware and Hudson Canal and Railroad Company by Horatio Allen. This was in August, 1829. It was soon found that English locomotives, adapted for gentle curves, were ill suited for the exigencies of American railroads, where curves of as small a radius as 200 feet were sometimes employed. Mr. Peter Cooper, since so well and widely known, devised an engine which solved the difficulty. This was in 1829. The second locomotive built in the United States for actual service was for the South Carolina Railroad, and made its first regular trip in M
was packed air-tight by means of flooding its upper surface with water. Watt obtained a patent for packing pistons with lubricators instead of water, 1769. The piston-rod is also packed in its stuffing-box. Various greasy materials with gaskets, oakum, etc., are used in joints which are screwed down; also collars of rubber, red-lead, luting. Flues and tubes are closed into the flue-sheets or tube-sheets by riveting. Tubes of condensers by thimbles, screw-joints, or preferably by Horatio Allen's collars of pine, which swell and close the joint but allow expansion and contraction. 2. (Masonry.) The filling in of a hollow or double wall. 3. Air-tight joints for fruit or jam can-covers are made by screwing or clamping the covers upon a gasket of rubber; or wax or resin is run into a crevice. See fruit-jar. 4. Well-tubes are packed by rubber thimbles, inflatable bags filled with air or water, or with flaxseed, which swells as it absorbs water. Packingawl. Packā€²