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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 539 1 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 88 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 58 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Women and Men 54 0 Browse Search
C. Edwards Lester, Life and public services of Charles Sumner: Born Jan. 6, 1811. Died March 11, 1874. 54 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Book and heart: essays on literature and life 44 0 Browse Search
Adam Badeau, Grant in peace: from Appomattox to Mount McGregor, a personal memoir 39 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, The new world and the new book 38 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition. 38 0 Browse Search
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 36 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Americans or search for Americans in all documents.

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s the head; so that all the volumes of its Minutes and its Letter-books, which could throw light on the subject of my inquiries, came under my inspection. The proceedings in Parliament till 1774 had something of a confidential character; from sources the most various, private letters, journals, and reports, preserved in France, or England, or in America, I have obtained full and trustworthy accounts of the debates on the days most nearly affecting America. Many papers, interesting to Americans, are preserved in the British Museum, where I have great reason to remember the considerate attention of Sir Henry Ellis. At the London Institution, in Albemarle Street, also, the Secretary, Mr. Barlow, obtained for me leave to make use of its great collection of American military correspondence. It was necessary to study the character and conduct of the English Ministers themselves. Of Chatham's private letters perhaps few remain unpublished; Mr. Disney imparted to me at the Hyde, t
merican insurrection was come. He resolved, therefore, to send an emissary across the Atlantic, and selected for that purpose the brave and upright De Kalb, a Colonel of Infantry, from Alsace, able to Chap. XXIX.} 1767. April. converse with Americans of German parentage in their own tongue. His written instructions, dated on the twenty-second day of April, enjoined him to repair to Amsterdam, the free city which was the great centre of commercial intelligence, and to examine the prevailing 1767; 7 Geo. III. chap. LVI. suspended the functions of its Representatives, till they should render obedience to the Imperial Legislature. On such an alternative, it was thought that that Province would submit without delay; and that the Americans, as their tea would now come to them at Chap. XXIX} 1767. July. a less price than to the consumers in England, would pay the impost in their own ports with only seeming reluctance. But the new measures were, in their character, even more su
the ingenious author of the Farmer's Letters; and Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Warren, were of the committee to greet him in the name of the Town as the Friend of Americans, and the benefactor of mankind. They may with equal reason make one step more; wrote Hutchinson to the Duke of Grafton; they may deny the regal as well as thearch time on the dangers that overhung the country. Whenever my country calls upon me, said Washington, I am ready to take my musket on my shoulder. Courage, Americans; American Whig, Nov. Parker's New-York Gazette of 11 April, 1768. cried one of the famed April. New-York Triumvirate of Presbyterian lawyers, William Livingsthere is no positive mention of the author of Nov. That it was not Smith, appears from the use made of it, after the rupture with England. as I believe; Courage, Americans: liberty, religion and sciences, are on the wing to these shores. The finger of God points out a mighty empire to your sons. The savages of the wilderness were
act imposing duties upon them should be repealed. State of the Disorders, Confusions, &c. Bernard to Hillsborough, 9 August, 1768; and Hutchinson to T. Whately, 10 August, 1768. On the anniversary of the fourteenth of August, Frances to Choiseul, 29 Sept. 1768; Bernard to Hillsborough, 29 August, 1768. the streets of Boston resounded with songs in praise of freedom; and its inhabitants promised themselves that all ages would applaud their courage. Come, join hand in hand, brave Americans all, By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall; To die we can bear, but to serve we disdain; For shame is to Freedom more dreadful than pain. In freedom we're born, in freedom we'll live; Our purses are ready, Chap. XXXV.} 1768. Aug. Steady, boys, steady, Not as slaves, but as freemen, our money we'll give. The British administration was blind to its dangers, and believed union impossible. Frances to Choiseul, 5 August, 1768. You will learn what transpires in America infinitely bet
iseul, 21 Sept. 1768; and Same to Same, 23 Sept. 1768. Also A. Eliot, to T. Hollis, 27 Sept, 1768, and Same to Same, 17 Oct. 1768. They then dissolved themselves, leaving the care for the public to the Council. This was the first great example in America of the Fabian policy; the first restoration of affairs by Chap. XXXVI.} 1768. Sept. delay. Indiscreet men murmured; but the intelligent perceived the greatness of the result. When the Attorney and Solicitor-General of England were called upon to find traces of high treason in what had been done, De Grey as well as Dunning declared, none Opinion of De Grey and Dunning on the Papers submitted to them, Nov. 1768. had been committed. Look into the papers, said De Grey, and see how well these Americans are versed in the crown law; I doubt whether they have been guilty of an overt act of treason, but I am sure they have come within a hair's breadth of it. The Attorney General in the Debate of 26 Jan. 1769; Cavendish, i. 196.
displayed, was like the fortitude of veteran troops, who Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Nov. wait unmoved by danger, till the word is given. They act with highest wisdom and spirit, said Thomas Hollis; T. Hollis to A. Eliot. they will extricate themselves with firmness and magnanimity. But most men ex pressed contempt for them, as having made a vain bluster. The apparent success, of which the account reached London just four days before the meeting of Parliament, was regarded as a victory. Americans in London were told with a sneer that they should soon have the company of Otis and others. Letter from London, 20 Nov. 1768; in Boston Gazette, 721, 3, 3, of 23 Jan. 1769. No one doubted but that, on the arrival of the additional regiments sent from Ireland, he and Cushing, and sixteen other members of the late political assemblies, would be arrested. Frances to Choiseul, 4 Nov. 1768. Hillsborough hastened to send Bernard's dispatches to the Attorney and Solicitor General, asking wh
ciple of a free trade, looked about him on every side for prevailing arguments and motives against hereditary prepossessions. Choiseul to Du Chatelet, 6 Feb. 1769. While the proposals were under consideration, the state of America was again the theme of conversation in the House of Commons; Cavendish Debates, i. 207, &c. W. S. Johnson to Gov. Pitkin, 9 Feb. 1769. where once more on the eighth of February, strenuous efforts were made to prove the illegality and cruelty of fetching Americans across the Atlantic for trial. They may save themselves, said Rose Fuller, by going still further, and bringing the question to the point of arms.—You have no right to tax the Colonies, repeated Beckford; the system has not produced a single shilling to the exchequer; the money is all eaten up by the officers who collect it.—Your measures, cried Phipps after an admirable statement, are more calculated to raise than to quell a rebellion. It is our duty to stand between the victim and th
ciates at the bar rendered themselves unfit for the favor of Government, by abetting the popu- Chap. XL.} 1769. March lar party. Bernard to Hillsborough, 5 March, 1769. The people of the near town of Lexington, at their annual meeting, came into a resolution to drink no more tea, till the unconstitutional Revenue Act should be repealed. Boston Gazette, 27 March, 1769. On the anniversary of the repeal of the Stamp Act, Samuel Adams held up to public view the grievances inflicted on Americans, by combining the power of taxation with a commercial monopoly, and enforcing them both by fleets, armies, commissioners, guarda-costas, judges of the Admiralty, and a host of petty officers whose insolence and rapacity were become intolerable. He pointed out, on the one hand, the weakness of Great Britain, arising from its corruption, its debt, its intestine divisions, its scarcity of food, its want of alliances; and, on the other, the state of the American Colonies, their various climat
Chapter 50: The Boston tea party. August—December, 1773. The East India Company, who were now by Act Chap L.} 1773. Aug. of Parliament authorized to export tea to America entirely duty free in England, applied to the Treasury in August for the necessary license. They were warned by Americans, that their adventure Lee to S. Adams, 22 Dec. 1773. would end in loss, and some difficulties occurred in details; but the scruples of the Company were overruled by Lord North, who answered peremptorily, It is to no purpose making objections, for the King will have it so. The King means to try the question with America. Almon's Anecdotes and Speeches of the Earl of Chatham, ch. XLI. Compare also B. Franklin to his Son William Franklin, 14 July, 1773; Franklin's Writings, VIII. 75. The time was short; the danger to Boston immi- Sept. nent; resistance at all hazards was the purpose of its Committee of Correspondence; violent resistance might become necessary; and to undert
punishment. Foremost among these, Samuel Adams was marked out for sacrifice as the chief of the revolution. He is the most elegant writer, the most sagacious politician, and celebrated patriot, perhaps of any who have figured in the last ten years, From the minute in the handwriting of John Adams, dated 29 April, 1774. Chap. LII.} 1774. April. is the contemporary record of John Adams. I cannot sufficiently respect his integrity and abilities, said Clymer of Pennsylvania; all good Americans should erect a statue to him in their hearts. Clymer to Quincy, 1774. Time proved that he had been right, even where his conduct had been questioned; and many in England esteemed him the first politician in the world. Quincy's Quincy, 258. He saw clearly that the rigorous measures of the British administration would the sooner bring to pass the first wish of his heart, the entire separation and independence of the Colonies, which Providence would erect into a mighty empire. S. Ada