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ustered into the United States service. John A. Andrew, the war Governor of Massachusetts, very eton City, Jan. 20, 1863. Ordered: That Governor Andrew of Massachusetts is authorized, until furard, Your obedient servant and friend, John A. Andrew. Francis G. Shaw himself took the fore movement, the field-officers, and those Governor Andrew personally desired to appoint. This free on the battlefield. In his Memoirs of Governor Andrew the Hon. Peleg W. Chandler writes:— Whe first colored regiment was formed, he [Governor Andrew] remarked to a friend that in regard to o With the need came the man. Excepting Governor Andrew, the highest praise for recruiting the Fiwspapers gave publicity to the efforts of Governor Andrew and the committee. Among the persons whoy E. Stearns, Mrs. William J. Loring, Mrs. Governor Andrew, Mrs. Robert C. Waterston, Wright & Prsions of the past. I am, yours truly, John A. Andrew. Having recited the measures and mean[1 more...]
April 21, a visit was received from the Ladies' Committee. Mrs. Governor Andrew, Mrs. W. B. Rogers, Mrs. E. D. Cheney, Mrs. C. M. Severance, Stevenson were of the party. Another event was the review by Governor Andrew and Secretary Chase in the afternoon of April 30, the Presidenlock, and the regiment was broken into square by Colonel Shaw. Governor Andrew, with his military staff in full uniform, took position insidenvitation, the Rev. Mr. Grimes offered an appropriate prayer. Governor Andrew then stepped forward; and the flow of eloquent words deliveredwere gratified; for on May 18 the Secretary of War telegraphed Governor Andrew to have the Fifty-fourth report to General Hunter at once. Wiented with a bouquet by a lady. Halting at the State House, Governor Andrew, his staff, and many distinguished gentlemen were received witade-ground was crowded with spectators. After a short rest, Governor Andrew, with Major-Generals Sutton and Andrews, and their respective
On that day General Hunter wrote the following letter:— headquarters Department of the South, Hilton Head, Port Royal, S. C., June 3, 1863. His Excellency, Governor Andrew, Massachusetts. Governor,—I have the honor to announce that the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts (colored) troops, Colonel Shaw commanding, arrived safely in thie light of the fire was seen that night at St. Simon's, fifteen miles away. Colonel Shaw wrote two official letters bearing upon this expedition. One was to Governor Andrew, giving an account of the expedition, wherein he expressed his disapprobation of Colonel Montgomery's course. The other is as follows:— St. Simon's Island adhered to by the Government. The situation is best evidenced by the following letter of Colonel Shaw:— St. Helena Island, S. C., July 2, 1863. his Excellency Governor Andrew. dear sir,—Since I last wrote you, the Fifty-fourth has left St. Simon's Island and returned to St. Helena near Hilton Head. We are now encamped
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 5: the greater assault on Wagner. (search)
ullets, and when they got close enough, fighting with clubbed muskets, and retreating when they did retreat, by command and with choice white troops for company. Edward L. Pierce, the correspondent of the New York Tribune, in a letter to Governor Andrew, dated July 22, 1863, wrote,— I asked General Strong if he had any testimony in relation to the regiment to be communicated to you. These are his precise words, and I give them to you as I noted them at the time: The Fifty-fourth did weltlaws, to be delivered to the State authorities when captured, for trial; and the penalty of servile insurrection was death. The fate of Captains Russel and Simpkins was also unknown. It was thought possible that they too were captured. Governor Andrew and the friends of the regiment therefore exerted themselves to have the Government throw out its protecting hand over its colored soldiers and their officers in the enemy's hands. Two sections were at once added to General Orders No. 100
nd at times noncommis-sioned officers volunteered to stand on post. Col. M. S. Littlefield, Fourth South Carolina Colored, on July 24, was temporarily assigned to command the Fifty-fourth. The colonel's own regiment numbered but a few score of men, and this appointment seemed as if given to secure him command commensurate with the rank he held. It gave rise to much criticism in Massachusetts as well as in the regiment, for it was made contrary to custom and without the knowledge of Governor Andrew. Though silently dissatisfied, the officers rendered him cheerful service. Anticipating a bombardment of Sumter, the enemy were busy strengthening the gorge or south wall with both cotton-bales and sand-bags. A partial disarmament of the fort was being effected. Wagner was kept in repair by constant labor at night. To strengthen their circle of batteries the enemy were busy upon new works on James Island. About 10 A. M., on the 24th, the Confederate steamer Alice ran down and wa
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 7: bombardment of Charleston. (search)
s, as the men had no money. To replace the State color lost on July 18, Governor Andrew caused a new one to be forwarded to the Fifty-fourth. Its receipt on Octoufort. His son, Col. Albert G. Browne, Jr., was the military secretary of Governor Andrew, and also one of the regiment's early and tried friends. There had beened the last of November that the matter of pay had come up in a new form. Governor Andrew in his message recommended the provisions of an Act which passed the Massovernor's address and the Act, Colonel Hallowell, on November 23, wrote to Governor Andrew, that notwithstanding the generous action of the State authorities, the methe matter of pay, and it pains us deeply. We came forward at the call of Governor Andrew, in which call he distinctly told us that we were to be subsisted, clotheositively refused the State aid. At their conclusion cheers were given for Governor Andrew, to whom they were grateful for the proffered help. The result of his uns
mpanies could be recruited. With the approval of General Gillmore, he therefore applied to Governor Andrew, on February 3, that the Fifty-fourth be placed on the footing of a heavy artillery regimenorth March 14. He was refused pay as chaplain, because of his color. The matter received Governor Andrew's attention; and on April 23 AttorneyGen-eral Bates rendered the opinion that the chaplain,the desire of his officers as well as his own, Colonel Hallowell on the 24th recommended to Governor Andrew that Sergeant Swails be commissioned, in recognition of many soldierly qualities and his gat Abolitionists of that State, the ablest debater in the Senate, the leader of that body. Governor Andrew's proclamation was published in one hundred papers of the United States calling colored menfulfil it? This pettifogger, representing the State of Maine, replied, I would like to see Governor Andrew's written authority! Mr. Wilson on March 2 reported a new bill equalizing soldiers' pay
arned the disaffected that orders must be obeyed, and set forth the sure penalty of disobedience. His words were disregarded in but two instances. On May 12, a private of Company B, for refusing duty, was slightly wounded by a pistol-shot from an officer; and on the 21st another man (of Company H) was shot at and slightly wounded by an officer for a similar offence. This summary punishment inflicted was effective in its results to the command. Colonel Hallowell on June 4 informed Governor Andrew that the regiment had not been paid, and requested that he demand of the Secretary of War that the Fifty-fourth be paid or sent to Massachusetts for muster-out, as the contract was broken. For the further security of Black Island, early in May, Company E was ordered to encamp within the fort to guard against sudden attack; and Lieutenant Spear, in charge of the picket-boats from there, placed a boom of barrels, connected by chains, across the creek, in advance of his night stations.
Emilio, Luis F., History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry , 1863-1865, Chapter 13: operations about Pocotaligo. (search)
. . . North Carolina, Georgia, and South Carolina are in no mood for trifling. . . . South Carolina don't intend to be conquered. She don't intend to be hampered or turned over to the enemy. When she is thus dealt with, there will be reckoning,—a reckoning where there will be no respecter of persons. By orders from the War Department received January 17, Lieutenant Swails was permitted to muster, thus ending a struggle waged in his behalf for nearly a year by Colonel Hallowell and Governor Andrew. He was one of the earliest if not the first colored officer mustered; and this decision, persistently solicited and finally granted, must rank high with the moral victories wrung from the general government by the regiment and its founders. On the 18th the steamer Wyoming landed the first supplies for Sherman's army at our wharf. That day news was received of the capture of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, by our old commander, Gen. A. H. Terry, causing great rejoicing. Our horses we
ter streets, similar plaudits greeted it from every side. Entering Tremont Street from Winter, an incident of the occasion was the display in the window of Childs and Jenks's establishment of a portrait of Lieutenant Webster, deceased, of the Fifty-fourth, draped in mourning. In passing, appropriate music was played, and the regiment gave a marching salute in honor of the deceased comrade. From Tremont Street the column entered Park, thence to the State House, where from the steps Governor Andrew, accompanied by his staff and the Executive Council, reviewed the veterans as they passed. Proceeding down Beacon Street through Joy, Cambridge, West Cedar, Mount Vernon, Walnut, and Beacon to the Common, everywhere along the route cheers went up from admirers, and friends rushed to shake hands with relatives or acquaintances among the officers and men. Everywhere along the journey the public buildings, including the State House, and parks of the city floated the stars and stripes. Th
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