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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Northeastern passage to
Northeastern passage to India. The Dutch had large commercial interests in the East Indies. The Dutch East India Company was formed in 1602, and the establishment of similar companies to trade with the West Indies had been suggested by William Usselinx, of Antwerp. The Dutch had watched with interest the efforts of the English and others to find a northwest passage to India; but Linschooten, the eminent Dutch geographer, believed that a more feasible passage was to be found around the north of Europe. There was a general belief in Holland that there was an open polar sea, where perpetual summer reigned, and that a happy, cultivated people existed there. To find these people and this northeastern marine route to India, Willem Barentz (q. v.), a pilot of Amsterdam, sailed (June, 1594), with four vessels furnished by the government and several cities of the Netherlands, for the Arctic seas. Barentz's vessel became separated from the rest. He reached and explored Nova Zembla.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
Solberg, Thorvald 1852- (search)
Solberg, Thorvald 1852- Author; born in Manitowoc, Wis., April 22, 1852; received a common school education; was on the staff of the librarian of Congress in 1876-89; manager of the literary department of the Boston Book Company in 1889-97. He was largely instrumental in securing international copyright, being present at the international copyright congresses in Barcelona, 1893; Antwerp, 1894; and Paris, in 1900; and was appointed register of copyrights July 15, 1897. He is the author of International copyright in the Congress of the United States, 1837-86; International copyright; The copyright; The copyright law of the United States in force; Directions for the registration of copyrights under the laws of the United States; Copyright enactments, 1783-1900 and Copyright, its law and its Literature (with R. R. Bowker).