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Rebellion Record: Introduction., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Introduction. (search)
ton. In 1791, Hamilton, in his report on the manufactures, recommended the repeal of this duty, on the ground that it was a very serious impediment to the manufacture of cotton, but his recommendation was disregarded. Thus, in the infancy of the cotton manufacture of the North, at the moment when they were deprived of the protection extended to them before the Constitution by State laws, and while they were struggling against English competition under the rapidly improving machinery of Arkwright, which it was highly penal to export to foreign countries, a heavy burden was laid upon them by this protecting duty, to enable the planters of South Carolina and Georgia to explore the tropics for a variety of cotton seed adapted to their climate. For seven years at least, and probably more, this duty was in every sense of the word a protecting duty. There was not a pound of cotton spun, no not for candle-wicks to light the humble industry of the cottages of the North, which did not pay