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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 10: the last invasion of Missouri.--events in East Tennessee.--preparations for the advance of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
was a fight, Dec. 29. between Mossy Creek and New Market, by the National advance at Knoxville, under General S. D. Sturgis, with an estimated force of nearly six thousand Confederates, under the notorious guerrilla chief, J. H. Morgan, and Martin Armstrong. The Confederates were vanquished, with a loss never reported, but estimated at full three hundred men. Sturgis's loss was about one hundred. At the same time, Wheeler, with about twelve hundred mounted men, had come up from Georgia, and wand wounded and one hundred and twenty-three made prisoners. The Union loss was only sixteen. A little later, when Sturgis was occupying Dandridge, the capital of Jefferson County, he was attacked Jan. 16, 1864. by the troops of Morgan and Armstrong, and after fighting them until night, and breaking their force by a charge led by Colonel D. M. McCook, fell back to Strawberry Plain, on the railway, with a loss of about one hundred and fifty men. The cold at that time was intense, and the
in vain. Gen. Geary, who, with five Ohio regiments and the 28th Pennsylvania, made the most desperate charge of the day, was himself wounded, with most of his officers. Gen. Crawford's brigade came out of the fight a mere skeleton. The 109th Pennsylvania, 102d New York, and several other regiments, left half their number dead or wounded on that fatal field. Gens. Augur and Carroll were severely wounded; as were Cols. Donnelly, 46th Pa., Creighton, 7th Ohio, and Majors Savage, 2d Mass., Armstrong, 5th Ohio, and Pelouze, Banks's Adjutant. Gen. Prince was taken prisoner after dark, by accident, while passing from one part of his command to another. Our loss in killed and wounded could hardly have been less than 2,000 men. We were not so much beaten as fairly crowded off the field; where Jackson claims to have taken 400 prisoners, 1 gun, and 5,302 small arms, with a loss on his part of 223 killed, including Gen. C. S. Winder, 2 Lt.-Colonels, and a Major; with 1,060 wounded: among th
ated by him, that he had lost two-fifths of his army in the terrible struggle thus terminated, suffices to justify his moving cautiously and surely. Our losses on the Chickamauga were officially stated as follows:  Killed.Woun'd.Miss'g.Total. Infantry and artillery1,644 Including Gen. W. H. Lytle, Ohio, Cols. Baldwin and Heg, commanding brigades; Cols. E. A. King, 68th Ind., Alexander, 21st, and Gilmer, 28th Ill.9,262 Including Cols. Payne, 4th Ohio, Shackleford, 6th Ky., and Armstrong, 93d Ohio, with many others.4,94515,851 Cavalry, in various combats and skirmishes500 Total 16,351; which it is perfectly safe to increase, by stragglers and imperfect reports, to 20,000 from the hour of crossing the Tennessee till our army was concentrated in front of Chattanooga. Rosecrans claims to have captured and brought off 2,003 prisoners, and admits a loss of 7,500, including 2,500 of his wounded; also 36 guns, 20 caissons, and 8,450 small arms. Bragg admits a total loss
ity of the Enrollment Act and of drafting under it. No Federal Judge ever made a contrary decision. Ohio — by reason of the unrevoked and continuing banishment of Mr. Vallandigham--was the arena of a contest equally earnest and somewhat more heated. The public meetings, especially those of the Democrats, were enormously attended throughout the canvass, and were brimmed with enthusiasm. Yet, when the vote was polled, Oct. 8. the Democratic majority of 5,000 Kennon, Rep., 178,755; Armstrong, Dem., 184,332. on Secretary of State, in 1862, was found to have given place to a Union majority on Governor of over One Hundred Thousand, Brough, 288,661; Vallandigham, 187,562. and, even without the Soldiers' vote, of more than Sixty Thousand. Brough, 247,194; Vallandigham, 185,274. And, though the majority on the residue of the ticket was somewhat less, it still ranged from 96,445 up to 97,479; while the new Legislature stood 29 to 5 in the Senate and 73 to 24 in the House. Yet
captured it — Siebert having but 100 men — when Col. Long, 4th Ohio cavalry, came to his aid with 150 more cavalry and Col. Laibold's 2d Missouri infantry; wherewith he quickly retook the train, and hurled the raiders back on the road to Georgia, with a loss of 41 killed or wounded and 123 prisoners. We lost but 16. Gen. S. D. Sturgis, commanding our advance east of Knoxville, had a fight Dec. 29. at Mossy creek, near Newmarket, with a Rebel force reported by him at 6,000, led by Martin Armstrong and John Morgan; wherein the Rebels were worsted. Our loss was 18 killed, 82 wounded. Sturgis reports the enemy's at 250 to 400; saying that he buried 22 of their dead and took 44 prisoners. Our advance eastward from Knoxville, having occupied Jan. 15, 1864. Dandridge, was attacked there next day, and more determinedly at 3 P. M. the day after; holding the town till after dark, when our men fell back to Strawberry Plains. Gen. Vance, with 500 mounted men and 2 guns, crossed Sm
ternational maritime law. Great ship-building firms in Liverpool and Glasgow, wherein members of Parliament were largely interested, were almost constantly engaged in the construction of strong, swift steamships, calculated for corsairs and for nothing else; each being, when completed, in spite of information from our consuls and protests from our Minister, allowed to slip out of port under one pretext or another, and make for some prearranged rendezvous, where a merchant vessel laden with Armstrong, Whitworth, Blakely, and other heavy rifled guns of the most approved patterns, with small arms, ammunition, provisions, &c., was awaiting her; and, her cargo being quickly transferred to the embryo corsair, a crew was made up, in part of men clandestinely enlisted for the service, in part of such as liberal pay, more liberal promises, and the cajolery of officer, could induce to transfer their services to the new flag; and thus the unarmed, harmless British steamship of yesterday was tran
atives in Congress — a gain of 4 seats to the victors. The vote was heavy beyond precedent — swelled, the losers said, unfairly. Pennsylvania elected no State officer this year by a general vote; but her representatives in Congress — before 12 to 12--were now 15 to 9, with a Legislature strongly Republican in both branches, and an average popular majority of 10,000 to 15,000. Ohio, on the same day, Oct. 11. went Union by a popular majority of 54,754 Union.Dem.  Smith,237,210.Armstrong,182,439. on Secretary of State; while, instead of the 14 Democrats to 5 Republicans chosen in 1862 to represent her in Congress, she now elected 17 Republicans to two Democrats. These results left little doubt that Mr. Lincoln would be reelected to the Presidency. But no election of that month was of more lasting consequence than that held in Maryland; Oct. 11-12. which State was now to adopt or reject the new Constitution which banished Slavery from her soil and withdrew the Right
ith a creek on his right and a high, wooded ridge on his left, with 4 guns planted to sweep the Randolph and 2 on the Maplesville road, whereon our troopers were advancing. He had in line about 5,000 men, mainly cavalry (Roddy's division, with Armstrong's and Crossland's brigades), with his front covered by rail barricades and abatis. Wilson had here Long's and Upton's divisions — perhaps 6,000 in all, but all veterans, of excellent quality, and admirably led. Long arrived first, on our rid 17th Indiana; while the Chicago Board of Trade battery, from a commanding position, replied to the Rebel guns, dismounting two of them; and the city was soon taken, with 32 guns, 2,700 prisoners, and vast stores of all kinds. Forrest, Roddy, Armstrong, and perhaps 3,000 of their followers, had escaped under cover of tie darkness. Our total loss here was less than 500. The Rebel arsenal, great guns, warehouses, factories, founderies, &c., were thoroughly destroyed, and the town sacked witho