Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Chester A. Arthur or search for Chester A. Arthur in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Artesian Wells, (search)
66-70Does not rise to the surface. Salty. Louisville, Ky,2,086 ft.1856-57330,000 gallons daily. Mineral. Columbus, O.2,775 1/2 ft. Water saline, 91° Fahr.: no force Charleston, S. C.1,250 ft.184828,800 gallons daily. Saline. South Dakota, sometimes called the Artesian State, has many powerful artesian wells in the valley of the James River, from 800 to 1,600 feet deep, affording a bountiful supply of pure water. The water from great depths is always warmer than at the surface. One of the most remarkable attempts to sink an artesian well in the United Slates was made in Galveston, Tex. A depth of 3,070 feet and 9 inches was reached, without penetrating any rock or finding water. After the contractors had reached a depth of 3,000 feet, which was the limit stipulated in their contract, they were paid $76,000, and the work was offically abandoned in 1892, the contractors carrying the work a few feet further as a matter of curiosity. See irrigation. Arthur, Chester Ala
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893 (search)
bater, and an expert in parliamentary law. From 1869 to 1875 he was speaker. In 1876 he was one of the chief candidates for the Presidential nomination, but he and Bristow, the leaders, were set aside for Hayes. In 1880 Grant and Blaine were the candidates respectively of the two great wings of the party, and again a dark horse, Garfield, was selected. President Garfield appointed Senator Blaine Secretary of State, which post he resigned in December, 1881, soon after the accession of President Arthur. In 1884 Mr. Blaine received the Presidential nomination on the fourth ballot. An extraordinary campaign followed between his adherents and those of Gov. Grover Cleveland, the Democratic candidate, and the election turned on the result in New York, which was lost to Mr. Blaine by 1,047 votes. The defection of the Mugwumps, the vote of the Prohibitionists, and the fatal Rum, Romanism, and, rebellion utterance of Dr. Burchard, have all been assigned as causes of his defeat. Mr. Blaine
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Conkling, Roscoe 1829-1888 (search)
third term for President Grant in 1880, and after the election of James A. Garfield, when an influential federal appointment was made in New York City, Senator Conkling and his associate, Senator Platt, claiming that they should have been consulted concerning such an appointment in their State, resigned. At the ensuing session of the State legislature, the two ex-Senators failed to secure re-election, and Mr. Conkling retired to the practice of law in New York City. He was offered by President Arthur a seat on the bench of the United States Supreme Court in 1882, but declined. He died in New York City, April 18, 1888. Renominating Grant. The following is Senator Conkling's speech before the National Republican Convention, in Chicago, on June 6, 1880, nominating General Grant for a third Presidential term: When asked what State he hails from, Our sole reply shall be, He came from Appomattox And its famous apple-tree. In obedience to instruction I should never dare
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fasts, days of (search)
Fasts, days of Observed by many nations from remote antiquity: by the Jews (2 Chron. XX. 3); by the Ninevites (Jonah III.). Days of humiliation, fasting, and prayer appointed by the presidents of the United States: Wednesday, May 9, 1798, by President John Adams; Thursday, Jan. 12, 1815, by President Madison; last Thursday of September, 1861, by President Lincoln; Thursday, April 30, 1863, by President Lincoln; first Thursday in August, 1864, by President Lincoln; Thursday, June 1, 1865, by President Johnson; Monday, Sept. 26, 1881, by President Arthur.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Frelinghuysen, Frederick Theodore 1817-1885 (search)
Frelinghuysen, Frederick Theodore 1817-1885 Statesman; born in Millstone, N. J., Aug. 4, 1817; grandson of the preceding; graduated at Rutgers College in 1836; became an eminent lawyer, and was attorney-general of New Jersey, 1861-66. He was chosen United States Senator in 1868, and was re-elected for a full term in 1871. He was a prominent member of the Republican party. In July, 1870, President Grant appointed him minister to England, but he declined the position. On Dec. 12, 1881, he entered the cabinet of President Arthur as Secretary of State, on the resignation of Secretary Blaine, and served to the end of that administration, March 4, 1885. He died in Newark, N. J., May 20, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gresham, Walter Quinton (search)
uinton Jurist; born near Lanesville, Harrison co., Ind., March 17, 1832. He attended the State University of Indiana; and in 1854 was admitted to the bar and began the practice of law. He had served in the legislature when the Civil War broke out. As colonel of the 52d Indiana Volunteers he served creditably in the Western army. After the war he was defeated as Republican candidate for Congressman, and from 1869 to 1882 held the post of United States district judge in Indiana. In President Arthur's administration Gresham was Postmaster-General from 1882 to 1884, and Secretary of the Treasury from September to December, 1884. He then became United States circuit judge, and held that post until 1893. Meanwhile he was in 1888 a prominent candidate for the Republican nomination to the Presidency, and in 1892 he declined the Populist invitation to stand for the same office. His views on public questions had somewhat changed, so that his appointment by President Cleveland to Walt
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Howe, Timothy Otis 1816-1883 (search)
Howe, Timothy Otis 1816-1883 Legislator; born in Liverpool, Me., Feb. 24, 1816; admitted to the bar in 1839, and began practice in Readfield; was elected to the legislature in 1840. Subsequently he removed to Wisconsin. He was circuit judge in 1850-56; then resumed practice. He was elected to the United States Senate as a Republican in 1861, and served till 1879; was a delegate to the International Monetary Conference in Paris in 1881; and was appointed Postmaster-General by President Arthur in December of the latter year. He died in Kenosha, Wis., March 25, 1883.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Johnson, Eastman 1824- (search)
Johnson, Eastman 1824- Artist; born in Lovell, Me., July 29, 1824; was educated in the public schools of Augusta, Me.; studied in the Royal Academy of Dusseldorf for two years, and was elected an academician of the National Academy of Design in 1860. He has painted many notable pictures, including The Kentucky home; Husking bee; The stage coach; Pension agent; Prisoner of State, etc. His portraits include Two men, ex-Presidents Arthur, Cleveland, and Harrison, Commodore Vanderbilt, W. H. Vanderbilt, Daniel Webster, John Quincy Adams, John D. Rockefeller, Mrs. Dolly Madison, Mrs. August Belmont, Mrs. Hamilton Fish, and many others.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lee, William 1737-1795 (search)
Lee, William 1737-1795 Diplomatist; born in Stratford, Va., in 1737: brother of Richard Henry and Arthur; was agent for Virginia in London, and became a merchant there. The city of London being overwhelmingly Whig in politics, William Lee was elected sheriff of that city and Middlesex county in 1773. In 1775 he was chosen alderman, but on the breaking out of the war in America retired to France. Congress appointed him commercial agent at Nantes at the beginning of 1777, and he was afterwards American minister at The Hague. Mr. Lee was also agent in Berlin and Vienna, but was recalled in 1779. In 1778 Jan de Neufville, an Amsterdam merchant, procured a loan to the Americans from Holland, through his house, and, to negotiate for it, gained permission of the burgomasters of Amsterdam to meet Lee at Aix-la-Chapelle. There they arranged terms for a commercial convention proper to be entered into between the two republics. When Lee communicated this project to the American commis
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McCulloch, Hugh 1808- (search)
was appointed comptroller of the currency under the new national banking law, and two years later became Secretary of the Treasury. At this time there was a tremendous financial strain upon the government, on account of the heavy war expenses. In less than six months, however, after his appointment as Secretary of the Treasury, a large amount of the money due 500,000 soldiers and sailors was paid, and besides the payment of other obligations a considerable reduction was made in the national debt. His conversion of more than $1,000,000,000 of short-time obligations into a funded loan in less than two years placed the whole public debt on a satisfactory basis. He was Secretary of the Treasury till March, 1869, and afterwards was engaged in banking in London till 1878. In 1884 President Arthur recalled him to the Treasury Department, where he remained till March, 1885. He died near Washington, D. C., May 24, 1895. Secretary McCulloch was author of Men and measures of half a century.
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