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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier 4 0 Browse Search
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 7. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier) 2 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Quakers. (search)
ntry; and two or three fanatical young women outraged decency by appearing without clothing in the churches and in the streets, as emblems of the unclothed souls of the people ; while others, with loud voices, proclaimed that the wrath of the Almighty was about to fall like destructive lightning upon Boston and Salem. This conduct, and these indecencies, caused the passage of severe laws in Massachusetts against the Quakers. The first of the sect who appeared there were Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, who arrived at Boston from Barbadoes in September (N. S.), 1656. Their trunks were searched, and their books were burned by the common hangman before they were allowed to land. Cast into prison, their persons were stripped in a search for body-marks of witches. None were found, and they, being mild-mannered women, and innocent, were soon released and expelled from Massachusetts as heretics. Nine other men and women who came from London were similarly treated. Others sought martyrdo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
mpelled to resign and throw himself on the mercies of the General Court......October, 1654 Charles Chauncy accepts presidency of Harvard College......November, 1654 Edward Winslow, one of the Mayflower's first passengers and governor of Plymouth, dies, aged sixty, on shipboard near Hispaniola, and is buried at sea......May 8, 1655 Mrs. Anne Hibbins, sister of Governor Bellingham and widow of a magistrate, is condemned and executed as a witch......1656 Two women, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin (Quakers), arrive from England and are landed at Boston......July, 1656 Eight more arrive in the Speedwell......Aug. 7, 1656 These were all imprisoned and banished without ceremony, and the masters of the vessels which brought them were placed under bonds to take them away......1656 At the next session of the General Court a penalty of £ 100 was imposed upon the master of any ship bringing Quakers within the jurisdiction; and all brought in were to be sent to jail, given twenty s
Texas, One of the Southern States of the United States, is bounded on the north by Oklahoma and Indian Territories, east by Arkansas and Louisiana, south by the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico, and west by Mexico and New Mexico. It lies between lat. 25° 51′ and 36° 30′ N., and long. 93° 27′ and 106° 40′ W. Area, 265,780 square miles. Population, 1890, 2,235,523; 1900, 3,048,710. Capital, Austin. Robert Cavalier de La Salle, sailing from France with four ships, July 24, 1684, fails to discover the mouth of the Mississippi and lands near the entrance to Matagorda Bay......Feb. 18, 1685 La Salle builds Fort St. Louis on the Lavaca......July, 1685 La Salle murdered by two followers near the Neches River......March 30, 1687 Captain De Leon, sent from Mexico against French settlers at Fort St. Louis, on the Lavaca River, finds it deserted......April 22, 1689 Spanish mission of San Francisco at Fort St. Louis established......1690 Don Domingo Teran de los Rios appoint
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 7: Whittier as a social reformer (search)
nd his adherents; they had imprisoned Dr. Child, an Episcopalian, for petitioning the General Court for toleration. They had driven some of their best citizens out of their jurisdiction, with Anne Hutchinson, and the gifted minister, Wheelwright. Any dissent on the part of their own fellow-citizens was punished as severely as the heresy of strangers. The charge of indecency comes with ill grace from the authorities of the Massachusetts Colony. The first Quakers who arrived in Boston, Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, were arrested on board the ship before landing, their books taken from them and burned by the constable, and they themselves brought before Deputy Governor Bellingham, in the absence of Endicott. This astute magistrate ordered them to be stripped naked and their bodies to be carefully examined, to see if there was not the Devil's mark on them as witches. They were then sent to jail, their cell window was boarded up, and they were left without food or light, until the mast
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Index. (search)
109, 111, 122, 124, 136, 137, 167, 179, 180, 183; Ten Hour Bill at, 86, 87; Derby strike at, 87, 88. Amy Wentworth, 3, 142. Antislavery Society, American, 71, 72, 74, 77. Antoninus, Marcus Aurelius, 129. Appledore Island, 179. Armstrong, Gen. S. C., 98. Arnold, Matthew, 20, 140. Asquam House, 169. Athenaeum Gallery, 135. Atlantic Club, 89, 104. Atlantic Monthly, cited, 50; mentioned, 143, 176, 177; quoted, 153, 154. Aubignd, da, J. H. M., 166. Augustine, Saint, 116. Austin, Ann, 84. B. Bachiler, Rev., Stephen, 5, 6. Bacon, Francis, 38, 179; quoted, 150. Baltimore, Md., 48, 79. Bancroft, George, 100, 181. Banks, Gen. N. P., 47. Barbadoes, 85. Barclay of Ury, 56. Barefoot boy, the, quoted, 14-16. Barnard, F. A. P., 35. Barton, Bernard, 25; the Letters and poems of, quoted, 174. Batchelder, Charles E., 6 n. Batchelder family, 19, 156. Bates, Charlotte Fiske (Madame Roger), Whittier's letter to, 128-130. Beacon Street, Boston, 3.
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 7. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), Zzz Missing head (search)
e same hour in another county fourscore miles off. In his account of the mob which beset him at Walney Island, he says: When I came to myself I saw James Lancaster's wife throwing stones at my face, and her husband lying over me to keep off the blows and stones; for the people had persuaded her that I had bewitched her husband. Cotton Mather attributes the plague of witchcraft in New England in about an equal degree to the Quakers and Indians. The first of the sect who visited Boston, Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, —the latter a young girl,—were seized upon by DeputyGover-nor Bellingham, in the absence of Governor Endicott, and shamefully stripped naked for the purpose of ascertaining whether they were witches with the Devil's mark on them. In 1662 Elizabeth Horton and Joan Broksop, two venerable preachers of the sect, were arrested in Boston, charged by Governor Endicott with being witches, and carried two days journey into the woods, and left to the tender mercies of Indians and w
ution. It was a consequence of the moral warfare against corruption; the aspiration of the human mind after a perfect emancipation from the long reign of bigotry and superstition. It grew up with men who were impatient at the slow progress of the reformation, the tardy advances of intellectual liberty. A better opportunity will offer for explaining its influence Chap. X.} 1656. July. on American institutions. It was in the month of July, 1656, that two of its members, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, arrived in the road before Boston. I compose the narrative from comparing the Quaker accounts, by Gould, and Sewell, and Besse, full of documents, with those of the colonial historians. There is no essential difference. Every leading work has something on the suject.—The apologies of the colonists, especially Norton's book, The Heart of N. E. Rent, still exist, and are before me. Compare the life of Mary Dyer, in C. Sedgwick's Tales and Sketches. There was as yet no statute respectin