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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 17 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Austin, Stephen Fuller, (search)
Austin, Stephen Fuller, Colonist; born about 1790; son of Moses Austin, of Connecticut. who in 1820 received permission from the Mexican commander at Monterey to colonize 300 families in the province. Moses died June 10, 1821, and Stephen successfully carried out the scheme. The latter went to the city of Mexico in 1821. and the grant given to his father was confirmed in February, 1823. By it he was invested with almost absolute power over the colonists, whom he seated where the city of Austin now is, the site selected by him for the capital of Texas. In March, 1833, a convention formed a State constitution, which Austin took to the central government of Mexico to obtain its ratification. There were delays; and he recommended a union of all the municipalities, and the organization of a State under a Mexican law of 1824. He was arrested, taken back to Mexico, and detained until September, 1835. On his return he found the country in confusion, and he took part with the revo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
d to retreat into the United States in 1827. In 1830 Bustamente, who had made himself dictator of Mexico, issued a decree forbidding the people of the United States to enter Texas as colonists. The American settlers in Texas then numbered about 20,000, and in 1833 they held a convention, determined to separate Texas from Coahuila, prepared a State constitution, and requested Santa Ana, then at the head of the government of Mexico, to admit them as a separate State of the republic. Col. Stephen F. Austin (q. v.), representing the American colonists, went to Mexico, where Santa Ana detained him until 1835; during which time—keeping the Texans quiet by promises of compliance with their desires—he prepared to occupy the country with his troops. A committee of safety was created in Texas, which assumed governmental powers. The people armed. A skirmish took place with some Mexicans, near Gonzales, Oct. 2, 1835, and other battles followed. On Nov. 9 a provisional government was formed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
iation of $9,000 for preserving and repairing the Cumberland Road......May 4, 1822 President submits to Congress his objection to national appropriations for internal improvements......May 4, 1822 First session adjourns......May 8, 1822 Second session convenes......Dec. 2, 1822 A petition to Congress asks that Capt. John Cleves Symmes's theory be verified by a voyage to the north, and that Captain Symmes be intrusted with the conduct of the expedition......Jan. 27, 1823 Stephen F. Austin obtains from Mexico a grant of land in Texas for colonization......February, 1823 Seventeenth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1823 Eighteenth Congress, first session, convenes......Dec. 1, 1823 President Monroe, in his message, proclaims the Monroe doctrine ......Dec. 2, 1823 A resolution authorizing an embassy to Greece offered in the House by Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts......Dec. 8, 1823 [This resolution was defeated Jan. 26, 1824, although ably supported by Clay,
d by Lieutenant Kearney of the United States brig Enterprise......1821 Stephen F. Austin leaves Natchitoches, June 10, and founds the colony for which his father,rant from Mexico, on the Brazos River......July, 1821 He founds San Felipe de Austin as colonial town......1823 By decree of the constituent Mexican congress, val, by patriot forces under Capt. George Collingsworth......Oct. 9, 1835 S. F. Austin appointed commander-inchief of the patriot forces......Oct. 10, 1835 Batt35 Assembly known as the General Consultation of Texas meets at San Felipe de Austin, establishes a provisional government with Henry Smith as governor, and sends Branch T. Archer, S. F. Austin, and William H. Wharton to the United States to solicit aid in the struggle for independence......November, 1835 Declaration of indces at Victoria, March 24, and is massacred......March 28, 1836 San Felipe de Austin burned by the Texans......March 31, 1836 New Washington burned by the Mexi