the speculating and extortion practiced upon the public cannot be better illustrated than by the following grocery bill for one week for a small family, in which the prices before the war and those of the present are compared:
Bacon, 10 lbs. at 12c$1.25
Flour, 30 lbs. at 5c1.00
Sugar, 5 lbs. at 8c40
Coffee, 4 lbs. at 12 1/2c50
Tea (green), 1/2 lb. at $150
Lard, 4 lbs. at 12c50
Butter, 3 lbs. at 25c75
Meal, 1 pk. at 25c25
Candles, 2 lbs. at 15c30
Soap, 5 lbs. at 10c50
Pepper and salt (about)10
Bacon, 10 lbs. at $1$10.00
Flour, 30 lbs. at 12c3.75
Sugar, 5 lbs. at $1.155.75
Coffee, 4 lbs. at $520.00
Tea (green), 1/2 lb. at $168.00
Lard, 4 lbs. at $14.00
Butter, 3 lbs. at $1.755.25
Meal, 1 pk. at $11.00
Candles, 2 lbs. at $1.252.50
Soap, 5 lbs. at $1.105.00
Pepper and salt (about)2.50
So much we owe the speculators, who have stayed at home to prey upon the necessities of their fellow-citizens.
We have just l
he members, Mr. Anderson, read the following table of the prices of
Before the war.
White wheat, per bushel$1.50
Flour, per barrel7.50
Corn, per bushel70
Hay, per hundred1.00
Hides, per pound7
Beef, per pound8
Bacon, per pound13
Lard, per pound15
Butter, per pound30
Wool, per pound30
White wheat, per bushel$4.50
Flour, per barrel22.00
Corn, per bushel3.50
Hay, per hundred3.50
Hides, per pound40
Beef, per pound50
Bacon, per pound60
Lard, per pound1.00
Butter, per pound1.50
Wool, per pound2.00
Bar iron, per pound 4
Nails, per pound4
Leather, sole, per pound25
Leather, upper, per pound33
Bar iron, per pound 20
Nails, per pound60
Leather, sole, per pound2.50
Leather, upper, per pound3.50
Osnaburgs, per yard10
Brown cotton, per yard10
Sheeting, per yard 15
They lend us many articles indispensable for our comfort.
It is probable they will leave us soon in the sole occupancy of the house.
There is ground enough for a good many vegetables-and meat is likely to be scarce enough.
Bacon is now $1.37, cts. per pound, and flour $30 per barrel.
The shadow of the gaunt form of famine is upon us!
But the pestilence of small-pox is abating.
We have now fine March weather; but the floods of late have damaged the railroad bridges others.
Most of them were little indigent girls!
Gen. Pemberton writes that he has 3000 hogsheads of sugar at Vicksburg, which he retains for his soldiers to subsist on when the meat fails.
Meat is scarce there as well as here.
Bacon now sells for $1.50 per pound in Richmond.
Butter $3. I design to cultivate a little garden 20 by 50 feet; but fear I cannot get seeds.
I have sought in vain for peas, beans, corn, and tomatoes seeds.
Potatoes are $12 per bushel.
Gen. Jos. E. Johnston has assumed the command of the army of Tennessee. Gen. Howell Cobb is preparing for the defense of Florida.
We do not hear a word from Lee or Jackson — but this is the ominous silence preceding their decisive action.
Bacon fell to-day from $2 to $1.50 per pound, and butter from $3.50 to $3.25; potatoes are $16 per bushel.
And yet they say there is no scarcity in the country.
Such supplies are hoarded and hidden to extort high prices from the destitute.
An intellansemond, is laid at the door of Major-Gen. French, a Northern man!
Can it be Gen: Cooper (Northern) who procures the appointment of so many Northern generals in our army?
I cut the following from the Dispatch of yesterday:
Produce, etc.-Bacon has further declined, and we now quote $1.25 to $1.30 for hog-round; butter, $2.25 to $3 per pound; beans in demand at $20 per bushel.
Corn is lower — we quote at $6 to $6.50 per bushel; corn meal, $7 to $9 per bushel — the latter figure for a l<
nant to a captaincy.
The colonel is great in operations of this nature; and Col. Preston is sufficiently good natured to recommend the recommendation to the Secretary of War, who, good easy man, will not inquire into his age, etc.
Gold is worth from 1000 to 1500 per cent. premium; and yet one who has gold can buy supplies of anything, by first converting it into Confederate notes at low prices.
For instance, coal at $30 is really bought for $3 per load.
A fine horse at $1000 for $100. Bacon, at $2 per pound is only 20 cents; boots at $100 is only $10, and so on.
the little furniture, etc. we now have is our own --costing less to buy it than the rent we paid for that belonging to others up to the beginning of the month.
A history of the household goods we possess would, no doubt, if it could be written, be interesting to haberdashers.
I think we have articles belonging in their time to twenty families.
The following list of prices is cut from yesterday's
ince a load of flour was sent to an auction-house on Cary Street to be sold at auction.
The proprietors of the house very properly declined to receive it, refusing to dispose of breadstuffs under the hammer, where men of money, and destitute of souls, would have an opportunity of buying it up and withdrawing it from market.
corn-meal.-This article is bringing from $18 to $20 per bushel, and scarce at that.
country produce and vegetables.-We give the following as the wholesale rates: Bacon, hoground, $2.75 to $3; lard, $2.25 to $2.30; butter, $3.75 to $4; eggs, $2 to $2.25; Irish potatoes, $7.50 to $8; sweet potatoes, $10.50 to $12; tallow candles, $4 per pound; salt, 45 cents per pound.
Groceries.-Coffee-wholesale, $9 per pound, retail, $10; sugar, $2.85 to $3.25; sorghum molasses, wholesale, $10, and $14 to $15 at retail; rice, 30 to 35 cents.
liquors.-Whisky, $55 to $70 per gallon, according to quality, apple brandy, $50; high proof rum, $50; French brandy, $80 to $
The following prices are quoted in to-day's papers:
The specie market has still an upward tendency.
The brokers are now paying $18 for gold and selling it at $21; silver is bought at $14 and sold at $18.
grain.--Wheat may be quoted at $15 to $18 per bushel, according to quality.
Corn is bringing from $14 to $15 per bushel.
flour.-Superfine, $100 to $105; Extra, $105 to $110.
corn-meal.-From $15 to $16 per bushel.
country produce and vegetables.-Bacon, hoground, $3 to $3.25 per pound; lard, $3.25 to $3.50; beef, 80 cents to $1; venison, $2 to $2.25; poultry, $1.25 to $1.50; butter, $4 to $4.50; apples, $65, to $80 per barrel; onions, $30 to $35 per bushel; Irish potatoes, $8 to $10 per bushel; sweet potatoes, $12 to $15, and scarce; turnips, $5 to $6 per bushel.
These are the wholesale rates.
Groceries.-Brown sugars firm at $3 to $3.25; clarified, $4.50; English crushed, $4.60 to $5; sorghum molasses, $13 to $14 per gallon; rice, 30
ty of the abandonment of the city!
We were paid to-day in $5 bills.
I gave $20 for half a cord of wood, and $60 for a bushel of common white cornfield beans.
Bacon is yet $8 per pound; but more is coming to the city than usual, and a decline may be looked for, I hope.
The farmers above tne city, who have been hoarding grainily.
A frosty morning, with dense fog; subsequently a pretty day.
This is the famine month.
Prices of every commodity in the market-up, up, up. Bacon, $10 to $15 per pound; meal, $50 per bushel.
But the market-houses are deserted, the meat stalls all closed, only here and there a cart, offering turnips, cabbageand some do not get any for several days together.
Meal is $50 per bushel.
I saw adamantine candles sell at auction to-day (box) at $10 per pound; tallow, $6.50. Bacon brought $7.75 per pound by the 100 pounds.
My good friend Dr. Powell and his family were absent from the farm near the city during the late raid.
The enemy c
ain fell last night, wetting the earth to a considerable depth; and the wind being southeast, we look for copious showers — a fine season for turnips, etc.
Cannon was distinctly heard from my garden yesterday evening, and considerable fighting has been going on down the river for several days; the result (if the end is yet) has not been officially stated.
It is rumored that Pemberton lost more batteries; but it is only rumor, so far. Nor have we anything definite from Early or Hood.
Bacon has fallen to $5 and $6 per pound, flour to $175 per barrel.
I hope we shall get some provisions from the South this week.
Sowed turnip-seed in every available spot of my garden to-day.
My tomatoes are beginning to mature-better late than never.
The following official dispatch was received on Saturday:
Mobile, August 11th.
Nothing later from Fort Morgan.
The wires are broken.
Gen. Forrest drove the enemy's advance out of Oxford last night.
All the particulars of the Fort
31 cars were burned.
No one regrets this, so far as the speculators are concerned.
Letters from North Carolina state that the country is swarming with deserters-perhaps many supposed to be deserters are furloughed soldiers just exchanged.
It is stated that there are 800 in Randolph County, committing depredations on the rich farmers, etc.; and that the quartermaster and commissary stores at Greensborough are threatened.
Meal is selling at $2 per pound, or $100 per bushel, to-day.
Bacon, $13 per pound.
Two P. M. Cloudy, and prospect of more rain.
It is quite warm.
A great many officers are here on leave from Lee's army-all operations being, probably, interdicted by the mud and swollen streams.
Sheridan failed to cross to the south side of James River, it being certainly his intention to cross and form a junction with Grant, cutting the Danville and South Side Roads on his way.
I saw Mr. Benjamin to-day without his usual smile.
He is not at ease.