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Chapter 13: Anti-slavery women My father was a subscriber to the National Era, the Anti-Slavery weekly that was published in Washington City before the war by Dr. Gamaliel Bailey. Being the youngest member of the family, I usually went to the post-office for the paper on the day of its weekly arrival. One day I brought it home and handed it to my father, who, as the day was warm, was seated outside of the house. He was soon apparently very much absorbed in his reading. A call for dinner was sounded, but he paid no attention to it. The meal was delayed a little while and then the call was repeated, but with the same result. At last the meal proceeded without my father's presence, he coming in at the close and swinging the paper in his hand. His explanation, by way of apology, was that he had become very much interested in the opening installment of a story that was begun in the Era, and which he declared would make a sensation. It will make a renovation, he repeated severa
-seemed to care no more than they did for proslavery mobs. There is another name which, although it belongs exclusively neither to the East nor to the West, to the North nor to the South, should not be omitted from a record like this. Doctor Gamaliel Bailey resided in the District of Columbia, and issued the National Era from Washington city. Although a journal of small folio measurement and issued but once a week, it was for a considerable time the most influential organ of the Abolitionbrance. He was the introducer, if not the real producer, of Uncle Tom's Cabin. It first appeared in the Era in serial numbers. It is perfectly safe to say that no other newspaper in the country, of any standing, would have touched it. Without Dr. Bailey's encouragement the work would not have been written. This was admitted by Mrs. Stowe. Up to this point the people whose names have been mentioned in these pages have, to a certain extent, been public characters and leaders. They were gene
rnor, of Massachusetts, Peleg's Life of, 179. Anthony, Susan B., 102, 205. Anti-Slavery, causes, 2; matter excluded from United States mails, 4; formation of party, 13; pioneers, 49-58; lecturers, 76-78; orators, 88-93; women, 100-107; mobs, 008-1 2; in Haverhill, 108; in Nantucket, 09; martyrs, 113-120; sentiment in England, 130. Anti-Slavery societies, organization, 26; in New England, 72, 74, 75, 130, 200; National, 76, 79, 87, 201. Anti-Unionist, 13. B Bacon, Benjamin C., 201. Bailey, Dr. Gamaliel, 100, 207. Ballou, Adin, 205. Barbadoes, James, 202. Bates, Judge, 61. Beecher, Henry Ward, 90, 142, 148; speech in England, 90-93; and Lincoln, 92. Bell, 152. Benson, George W., 203. Benton, Thomas H., 154. Birney, Jas. G., 2, 5, 42, 56-58, 205. Black laws 35;in Ohio, 35. Black Republic of Texas, 135. Blair, Gen. Frank P., 158, 186-191; and Missouri emancipationists, i 6; and Missouri Abolitionists, 188; appearance of, 189; fearlessness, 189; quarrel with Fremont, 18
Charles E. Stowe, Harriet Beecher Stowe compiled from her letters and journals by her son Charles Edward Stowe, Chapter 4: early married life, 1836-1840. (search)
that he had become a radical abolitionist, and had succeeded in converting several Southerners to his views of the subject. Among them was Mr. J. G. Birney of Huntsville, Alabama, who not only liberated his slaves, but in connection with Dr. Gamaliel Bailey of Cincinnati founded in that city an anti-slavery paper called The Philanthropist. This paper was finally suppressed, and its office wrecked by a mob instigated by Kentucky slaveholders, and it is of this event that Mrs. Stowe writes to h. As might have been expected, Birney refused to leave, and that night the mob tore down his press, scattered the types, dragged the whole to the river, threw it in, and then came back to demolish the office. They then went to the houses of Dr. Bailey, Mr. Donaldson, and Mr. Birney; but the persons they sought were not at home, having been aware of what was intended. The mayor was a silent spectator of these proceedings, and was heard to say, Well, lads, you have done well, so far; go home
notable books in the world. As Mrs. Stowe has since repeatedly said, I could not control the story; it wrote itself; or I the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin? No, indeed. The Lord himself wrote it, and I was but the humblest of instruments in his hand. To Him alone should be given all the praise. Although the publication of the National era has been long since suspended, the journal was in those days one of decided literary merit and importance. On its title-page, with the name of Dr. Gamaliel Bailey as editor, appeared that of John Greenleaf Whittier as corresponding editor. In its columns Mrs. Southworth made her first literary venture, while Alice and Phoebe Cary, Grace Greenwood, and a host of other well-known names were published with that of Mrs. Stowe, which appeared last of all in its prospectus for 1851. Before the conclusion of Uncle Tom's Cabin Mrs. Stowe had so far outstripped her contemporaries that her work was pronounced by competent judges to be the most powerf
mily all anti-slavery men, 152. Arabian Nights, H. B. S.'s delight in, 9. Argyll, Duke and Duchess of 229, 232; warmth of, 239; H. B. S. invited to visit, 270, 271; death of father of Duchess, 368. Argyll, Duchess of, letter from H. B. S. to, on England's attitude during our Civil War, 368; on post bellum events, 395. Atlantic monthly, contains Minister's Wooing, 327; Mrs. Stowe's address to women of England, 375; The true story of Lady Byron's life, 447, 453. B. Bailey, Gamaliel, Dr., editor of National era, 157. Bangor, readings in, 493. Bates, Charlotte Fiske, reads a poem at Mrs. Stowe's seventieth birthday, 505. Baxter's Saints' rest, has a powerful effect on H. B. S., 32. Beecher, Catherine, eldest sister of H. B. S., 1; her education of H. B. S., 22; account of her own birth, 23; strong influence over Harriet, 22; girlhood of, 23; teacher at New London, 23; engagement, 23; drowning of her lover, 23; soul struggles after Prof. Fisher's death, 25,
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2, Chapter 5: shall the Liberator lead—1839. (search)
bylon) to tremble. Can we not provide a way for his coming? This was in singular anticipation of a letter from Gamaliel Bailey, jr., written to Mr. Garrison on April 15, 1839, concerning Boyle, who was just leaving the employ of the Philanthropist. Bailey paid a very high tribute to his coadjutor, and asked if any situation could be found for him at the East, suggesting his fitness to become the salaried editor of the NonResistant (Ms.) In July, 1839, Boyle was appointed lecturing and financ disclaim, as we have always disclaimed it. We repudiate the name of party. At the southern extremity of the State, Gamaliel Bailey, in his Philan- Lib. 9.193. thropist, took the same ground, furnishing fresh reasons in addition to those already ato support Lib. 9.198. the movement, See his letter to Joshua Leavitt (Lib. 10.17), reviewing Lewis Tappan's and Gamaliel Bailey's objections, and Mr. Garrison's views as set forth in the address of the Mass. Board (ante, p. 311). Mr. Garrison'
gramme for it, 473; feelings about G. Smith, 2.89, towards clerical appeal, 139; inspires Congregational Gen. Association, Conn., to popish action, 130; attacks H. C. Wright, 150. Bailey, Ebenezer, protects G. against mob, 2.25, 26. Bailey, Gamaliel, jr. [b. Mount Holly, N. J., Dec. 3, 1807; d. at sea, June 5, 1859], edits Philanthropist, 2.287; opposes Third Party, 313, reviewed by G. Smith, 319. Baker & Greele 1.73. Ball, Martha V., 2.12, 15. Ball, William, 2.384. Ballard, Jamespist and Investigator. See Nat. Philanthropist. Philanthropist, edited by C. Osborn, 1.88. Philanthropist, edited by Birney, 2.77, mobbed, 77, 98, 186, praised by Channing, 131; censures G.'s course towards Clerical Appeal, 166; edited by G. Bailey, 287; opposes A. S. party, 245. Philbrick, Samuel [b. Seabrook, N. H., Feb. 4, 1789; d. Brookline, Mass., Sept. 19, 1859], career, 2.160; agent for Genius, 1.145, host of Grimkes, 2.205, aid to G., 160, 329; on Lib. finance com., 332; at Cha
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 6: third mission to England.—1846. (search)
s a new government—a free government—no slavery—no guaranties to men-stealers— no Union with slaveholders! We might end here, if it were not instructive to remark on Liberty Party endorsement of the Mexican War, even Lib. 16.115; 17.14. Gamaliel Bailey, in his Philanthropist, praying for the safety of the noble Taylor and his brave army. There were other proofs that the party was in a bad way. In the spring of 1846 one of its thirty organs affirmed that its present position is inaction—a the stationary stage were not quickly escaped—Joshua Leavitt himself Lib. 16.57. being present, and discounting the impending catastrophe by denying that the party and the ballot-box were the sole Cf. ante, 2.310. means of abolishing slavery. Bailey gave a discouraging account of the Ohio section, and predicted that all would be over with it if it manifested no strength in the coming gubernatorial election. Gerrit Smith lamented in New Lib. 16.77. York a falling away on all sides, and
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 3, Chapter 30: addresses before colleges and lyceums.—active interest in reforms.—friendships.—personal life.—1845-1850. (search)
ams. Mr. Seward replied:— You will perhaps wonder at the deference I pay you; but I pray you to believe that it comes from a profound respect for your judgment as a scholar and as a moralist. If you knew me better, you would know that I am but occasionally and incidentally engaged as either the one or the other. my life is one of action, not of speculation. I pray you accept assurances, which nevertheless I hope are unnecessary, of decided respect and cordial friendship. Dr. Gamaliel Bailey, editor of the National Era, Washington, D. C., in writing to Sumner, May 31, 1848, upon various political matters, added: Do let me say that there is no one in New England whose productions I have read with so much unalloyed pleasure. William W. Story had now established his home in Italy; but in 1851 he was in Boston carrying his Life of his father through the press,—a work in which Sumner naturally took a great interest. During his last days in the country he took a crayon like
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