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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 15 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 (search)
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 Scientist; born in Reading, Pa., Feb. 3, 1823; was graduated at Dickinson College in 1840. In 1850 he was appointed assistant secretary to the Smithsonian Institution. He held that office until the death of Prof. Joseph Henry (q. v.) in 1878, when he succeeded to the office of secretary, which he held until his death, on Aug. 19, 1887, Professor Baird published several works on natural history. In 1871 he was placed at the head of the United States Fiseading, Pa., Feb. 3, 1823; was graduated at Dickinson College in 1840. In 1850 he was appointed assistant secretary to the Smithsonian Institution. He held that office until the death of Prof. Joseph Henry (q. v.) in 1878, when he succeeded to the office of secretary, which he held until his death, on Aug. 19, 1887, Professor Baird published several works on natural history. In 1871 he was placed at the head of the United States Fish Commission. He died in Wood's Holl, Mass., Aug. 19, 1887.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chickamauga, battle of (search)
(Sept. 19) at ten o'clock, which raged with great fierceness until dark, when the Nationals seemed to have the advantage. It had been begun by Croxton's brigade of Brannan's division, which struggled sharply with Forrest's cavalry. Thomas sent Baird's division to assist Croxton, when other Confederates became engaged, making the odds against the Nationals, when the latter, having driven the Confederates, were in turn pushed back. The pursuers dashed through the lines of United States regulaationals came up and joined in the battle. They now outnumbered and outflanked the Confederates, and, attacking them furiously, drove them back in disorder for a mile and a half on their reserves. The lost battery was recovered, and Brannan and Baird were enabled to reform their shattered columns. There was a lull, but at five o'clock the Confederates renewed the battle, and were pressing the National line heavily, when Hazen, who was in charge of a park of artillery—twenty guns—hastened to
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857- (search)
Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857- Ethnologist; born in Northeast, Pa., July 22, 1857; became interested early in life in collecting Indian relics. In 1875 he was commissioned by Prof. Spencer F. Baird to make surveys and collections for the National Museum; in 1876 was the curator of the ethnological exhibit of the National Museum at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia; in 1879 was assistant ethnologist with Major J. W. Powell in the expedition to New Mexico; and at his own request was left with the Zuni Indians, where he lived for three years, and later for three additional years; acquired their language and traditions; was initiated into their priesthood; and was thus the first white man to learn the true character of Indian secret societies. In 1881 he discovered the ruins of the Seven Cities of Cibola, and conducted excavations among them and the great buried cities in southern Arizona. In 1895 he discovered the extensive remains of a sea-dwelling people along the Gulf c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
f 1862 constitutional......Jan. 16, 1871 Statue of Lincoln in the rotunda of the Capitol unveiled......Jan. 25, 1871 George Ticknor, historian, born 1791, dies at Boston......Jan. 26, 1871 Act for a commission of fish and fisheries (Spencer F. Baird appointed)......Feb. 9, 1871 District of Columbia made a territorial government, by act......Feb. 21, 1871 Act for celebration of centennial of independence by an international exhibition at Philadelphia in 1876......March 3, 1871 Fnd a fine of $5,000......July 14, 1887 Miss Dorothea L. Dix, philanthropist, born 1805, dies at Trenton, N. J.......July 19, 1887 Failure of H. S. Ives & Co., of New York, stock-brokers; liabilities, $20,000,000......Aug. 11, 1887 Spencer F. Baird, naturalist, born 1823, dies at Wood's Holl, Mass.......Aug. 19, 1887 Ninth international medical congress meets at Washington, D. C.......Sept. 5, 1887 Three days centennial celebration of the formation of the Constitution begins at P
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
t. 15, 1884 William C. Endicott appointed United States Secretary of War......March 6, 1885 Elizur Wright, abolitionist, born 1804, dies at Medford......Nov. 22, 1885 Charles Francis Adams, Sr., born 1807, dies at Boston......Nov. 21, 1886 State property in the Hoosac tunnel and Troy and Greenfield Railroad sold to Fitchburg Railroad Company......1887 First Monday in September (Labor Day) made a legal holiday at session of legislature, which adjourns......June 16, 1887 Spencer F. Baird, naturalist, born 1823; dies at Wood's Holl......Aug. 19, 1887 Asa Gray, botanist, born 1810, dies at Cambridge......Jan. 30, 1888 Ballot law modelled on the Australian system adopted by legislature at session ending......May 29, 1888 Gen. P. H. Sheridan, born 1831, dies at Nonquit......Aug. 5, 1888 Maria Mitchell, astronomer, born 1818, dies at Lynn......June 28, 1889 Maritime exhibition opens at Boston......Nov. 4, 1889 Great fire at Lynn; 296 buildings destroyed; 80