Browsing named entities in Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans). You can also browse the collection for N. P. Banks or search for N. P. Banks in all documents.

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than Scott had asked or could well have expected in the face of an enemy of superior numbers. The determination of his three months men to go home still troubled him, and on the 19th, he said that only three regiments had consented to stay for ten days, and repeated that from his last information, Johnston was still at Winchester and being daily reinforced. That day, July 19th, Patterson was honorably discharged from the service of the United States, to take effect on the 27th, and Maj.-Gen. N. P. Banks was directed to assume command of the army under Patterson, and of the department of the Shenandoah. From Harper's Ferry, on the 21st, Patterson reported that Winchester was abandoned the day before by all armed parties; that Johnston had left to operate on McDowell's right, and that he could not follow because he had but few active troops, all the others being barefooted and ordered home when their term of service should expire. Patterson, on the 23d, was sending his train acr
mies, and making preparations for the renewal of the mighty struggle between the two nations for the mastery within the boundaries of Virginia. To guard the approaches to Washington from the west, a division of the Federal army was sent, under Banks, to occupy, in Maryland, the line of the Potomac from above that city to opposite Harper's Ferry; while the line of that river from Harper's Ferry westward was guarded by forces under Kelley. The Confederate outposts, when again advanced, practsuch distinction in the battle of Bull Run, was sent to that point, where, under the direction of competent engineers, fortifications were constructed covering the nearby fords of the Potomac and adding to the defensive strength of the position. Banks' Federal division was distributed along the opposite side of the river from near the Point of Rocks, where the Baltimore & Ohio railroad reaches the banks of the Potomac, to the mouth of Seneca creek. The pickets of the two armies were placed on
a connection with the Confederate force in the lower Shenandoah valley by a good turnpike that led from Leesburg across the Blue ridge, and to save for his army the abundant supplies of the fertile county of Loudoun. On the 15th of October General Banks' division of the Federal army was located at Darnestown, Md., about 15 miles due east from Leesburg, with detachments at Point of Rocks, Sandy Hook, Williamsport, etc.; while the division of Brig.-Gen. C. P. Stone, composed of six companies oburg. The Federal batteries kept up a deliberate fire during the day, but no assault was made. On the morning of the 20th the Federal signal officer on Sugar Loaf mountain, in Maryland, reported, The enemy have moved away from Leesburg. This Banks wired to McClellan, whereupon the latter wired to Stone, at Poolesville, that a heavy reconnaissance would be sent out that day, in all directions, from Dranesville, concluding: You will keep a good lookout upon Leesburg, to see if this movement
s under Loring, a part of the militia, five batteries, and most of Ashby's regiment of cavalry, the whole numbering about 9,000 men. This movement against Bath, if successful, would disperse the enemy at Hancock, destroy communication between General Banks on the east and General Kelley on the west, and by threatening the latter's rear, force him to evacuate Romney or contend with a superior force. Before the first day ended a cold storm set in from the northwest, the beginning of a protracted; while Ashby, with the larger portion of his cavalry regiment, held the line of the Potomac from near Harper's Ferry westward. Garnett's brigade was ordered to Winchester, to be in position to guard against any movement of the large force under Banks that had been gathered at Frederick City. Jackson established his own headquarters at Winchester on the 24th of January, having provided communication with Loring, at Romney, by a line of telegraph. With these dispositions of his forces, made
d be made, on or before the 22d of February, to drive back the opposing Confederates and press on to the capture of Richmond. This movement was actually begun. Banks marched from Frederick City, Md., toward Harper's Ferry, to attack and drive back Jackson. McClellan advanced his great army, from the intrenched camps around Wasns at Leesburg and elsewhere, along and near the Potomac, had put his forces behind the Rappahannock. Jackson, preferring fighting to retreating, skirmished with Banks' advance, offering him battle in front of Winchester, but when that was not accepted, reluctantly evacuating that historic town. Sending all his stores up the val Washington were to be held by some 18,000 men; some 7,000 were to occupy Manassas, that the railway thence to Strasburg might be reopened, and 35,000 were to help Banks look after Jackson in the Valley. The force that had followed Gen. Ed Johnson as he fell back from Alleghany mountain, and that in the South branch of the Potomac
ing to Charlestown, on the 28th, he instructed Banks to locate Abercrombie's brigade at that place broken in the skirmish of the 22d, reported to Banks that he thought the attack was only by a smallhis rear to join him by forced night marches. Banks was halted, on his way to Washington, at Harpeage the 26th, and at Hawkinstown on the 29th. Banks made an advance on the 1st of April and force, some 10 or 12 miles beyond Winchester, after Banks had passed that point. Steuart, with the SecoMartinsburg, 20 miles beyond Winchester, where Banks had halted for an hour or two before he contin Virginia. On May 23d, the day Jackson struck Banks' left at Front Royal, President Lincoln visiteions of the enemy, as he says, until he joined Banks and Sigel (Saxton's command) at Middletown, in down the Page valley, and on the 24th fell on Banks' line of retreat, which his attack on Front Ro Jackson at Conrad's store (Elkton). Defeating Banks in a pitched battle at Winchester on the 25th,[72 more...]
forward and on the evening of the 25th reached Ashland, suffering greatly from the intense summer heat of the lowlands, the choking dust of the roads, and the scarcity of water. By June 24th, McClellan had an inkling of the approach of Jackson, and asked Stanton, his secretary of war, what he knew of the whereabouts of this hardto-be-located man. This information was supplied him on the 25th, locating Jackson anywhere from Gordonsville to Luray, or in the mountains of West Virginia, while Banks and Fremont, in the lower valley, were intently watching for an attack by him from up the valley. On this same 25th, McClellan telegraphed to Washington: I am inclined to think that Jackson will attack my right and rear. The rebel force is stated at 200,000, including Jackson and Beauregard. I shall have to contend against vastly superior odds if these reports be true. Lee's plan of attack, which he, communicated to his division commanders in a confidential general order, was for Jacks
donsville, was organized from the armies of Fremont, Banks and McDowell, the army of Virginia, under Maj.-Gen. knew it. This partial force was the 8,000 men under Banks, an old Valley acquaintance of Jackson's army, in an Pope, from Culpeper, six miles in the rear, ordered Banks to the front to make an immediate attack on Jackson. late to join in the combat. It was about noon when Banks' advance reached the vicinity of Cedar run, the linee north of it, Jackson placed Taliaferro's brigade. Banks placed Augur's division, of three brigades, on the l mountain. The topography of the ground occupied by Banks was well suited for defense. That commander, smartit set before half past 7, and being in battle array, Banks ordered an advance, by one brigade on the north and s killed, wounded and disorganized men, were lost by Banks' division. The Federal loss was 2,393, of which 1,6lry under Bayard, and about 5,000 that remained with Banks; a tactic force of about 30,000 in front of Jackson'
north side of the river, as he had at first proposed. In the early morning of the 23d he turned Sigel toward Sulphur Springs, by way of Fayetteville, followed by Banks and Reno. McDowell, from his left, was ordered to burn the railroad bridge, which up to this time, by the aid of guards and artillery, he had kept intact, and mo whence a good country road led to Warrenton, to reconnoiter and to destroy the bridge over the Rappahannock at that point, and get in Lee's supposed rear. Sigel, Banks and Reno were to move toward the same point, from opposite Sulphur Springs, while Mc-Dowell was placed along the roads leading to Sulphur Springs and to Waterloo thich his rapid marches had left far in the rear. In four short months the army of Northern Virginia had, under his leadership, with its 80,000 men, met and driven Banks, Fremont, McDowell, McClellan and Pope, with their 200,000 veteran troops, from far within the bounds of Virginia, in disastrous retreat, to beyond its borders, wi
This made it important for him to at once turn his attention to military affairs. The alarm that followed the retreat of Pope to Washington had somewhat subsided, but there was no telling what Lee, Jackson and Stuart might attempt to do, and so Banks was held within the fortifications of the Federal city, with 75,000 men, to guard against an emergency. McClellan, resting his right on the Baltimore & Ohio and his left on the Potomac, advanced his lines, slowly and cautiously, toward the banksstill stood in silent skirmish line along the rail fence on the north front of the big cornfield; but the other half of his war-worn but unconquerable veterans closed up and grimly awaited the second Federal attack, which they saw approaching. Banks' old corps, that Jackson's men had so often met, now under Mansfield, had bivouacked, late in the night of the 16th, about a mile in Hooker's rear; and now, at about half-past 7 of the morning of the 17th, it became the turn of that corps to tak
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